The OHSU Internal Medicine curriculum provides training leading to qualification for entry to the certifying exam of the American Board of Internal Medicine (ABIM). Graduates of our programs have achieved a 98 percent first attempt pass rate over the last three years. See the ABIM site for data on the board pass rates for all internal medicine programs.
The major focus of our residency program is train future physicians to be outstanding clinicians, responsible learners and mindful practitioners in a rigorous training environment that supports outstanding scholarship in teaching and research. As the only University-based training program in the state of Oregon, we have a broad mission in serving the public interest. This mission ranges from training the finest practitioners in primary care to preparing residents for entry into hospital medicine, subspecialty and investigative careers.
Our residents divide their time among general medicine and subspecialty wards, intensive care units, ambulatory care, consultation services; and emergency room and long-term care settings. Those residents planning careers in primary care spend additional time in ambulatory care, focusing on behavioral medicine and experiences in related areas such as gynecology, dermatology and medical orthopedics. In the PGY-2 year, Primary Care residents complete a community-based preceptorship, usually in a rural area of Oregon.
Our PGY-1 residents spend their entire year at OHSU Hospital and the adjacent VAMC, which are connected by a sky-bridge. We believe that limiting the first year rotations to the "Hill" fosters strong collegial relationships among the housestaff and between the housestaff and faculty, building a strong esprit de corps. In addition to acquiring experience in general inpatient and subspecialty medicine, interns rotate through ambulatory care and emergency room services, intensive care units, geriatrics, neurology and subspecialty consultation services.
The second and third years of the programs include general and subspecialty ward services and intensive care units, where residents supervise a team of interns and students, subspecialty consultation services ("selectives"), electives and ambulatory blocks. Residents also rotate for two months in both their PGY 2 and PGY 3 years at Kaiser Permanente in Portland and may also rotate for one month at another local hospital (Providence Portland). These community-based facilities provide exposure to a broad-based and diverse practice environment.
Finally, as part of our scheduling system, all residents spend one week in clinic each month. This innovative approach to ambulatory medicine allows residents more consistent exposure in ambulatory medicine with a wide variety of exposures to not only the primary continuity clinic but various other clinics including dermatology, musculoskeletal clinic, gynecology etc. Our curriculum in this +1 week has also been restructured to provide a cohesive set of learning objectives each month.
At the OHSU Hospital, five general medicine ward teams accept and admit patients in a drip model, allowing more consistent care of patients over time (please see schedule FAQ). Ward teams are composed of an intern, a resident, 1 medical student, a physician assistant student and an attending physician. There is a night float resident and intern on duty 6 nights a week. The attending physicians for the general medicine teams are full time faculty of the Department of Medicine, the majority of whom are full time hospitalists in the Division of Hospital Medicine and the Division of General Internal Medicine and Geriatrics whose primary goal is to teach and encourage your growth as a clinician.
Faculty from the Pulmonary-Critical Care, respectively, serve as the attendings for these teams. Critical care fellows are present in the hospital 24/7 and provide assistance to the on-call teams and coverage of overflow patients.
Portland VA Medical Center
At the Portland VA Medical Center, five general medicine teams admit and accept patients in a drip model system similar to the University setting. A night float team is available 6 nights of the week with the remaining night covered by a resident from the overnight team. Attendings are full time faculty and include a mixture of hospitalist, general internal medicine and subspecialty faculty. We limit (cap) these teams to 16 patients. There is a combined team of 4 residents and 4 interns responsible for the combined MICU service. Each team takes turns serving as the night team with day call staggered in a drip model.
Each ward and ICU team makes daily work rounds. Our faculty conducts attending rounds seven days per week. Residents on inpatient services are expected to attend the following teaching conferences:
- Noon Report (formerly morning report) in their respective hospital (OHSU or VAMC)
- Tuesday morning Medical Grand Rounds (OHSU)
- Noon conferences (VAMC).
At OHSU, ward teams review daily radiographic studies with faculty from the Department of Radiology in a teaching conference Monday through Friday.
Noon Report is held Monday and Wednesday at both OHSU and the VAMC and lasts 60 minutes. The discussions are directed by the program director at the OHSU and the Medical Chief Residents at the VAMC. Residents, fellows and faculty participate in the discussion of a single patient chosen and presented by a designated resident. The discussions focus on the diagnostic and management issues, with an emphasis on clinical reasoning, problem solving, and formulation of clinical questions to be answered from the literature.
On Thursday, there is a separate resident report. At OHSU, residents from both the OHSU and VAMC general medicine teams meet with the Department Chair, Dr. Dr. David Jacoby, as well as invited guests from various subspecialty divisions.
On Friday, there is a separate intern noon report where interns meet with the Chief Residents to present a case, with a specific focus on diagnostic reasoning.
Noon conferences are the forum for our core internal medicine curriculum that is presented over approximately 18 months and thus presented twice during the usual residents' tenure in the program. Noon conferences are presented on Tuesday, Thursday and Friday. During the initial 2 months of each academic year, the noon conference is devoted to a review of medical urgencies and emergencies that new interns and residents often confront in the ER, ICU and on the wards.
In addition to the core curriculum, the noon conference series includes additional content such as a monthly interactive EKG conference, clinical problem solving challenges, Fireside chats with the Program Director, fellowship advice and much more.
The OHSU and VAMC offer subspecialty consultation rotations (“selectives”) in Cardiology, Endocrinology, Gastroenterology, Hematology/Oncology, Infectious Diseases, Nephrology, Pulmonary, and Rheumatology. Over the course of 3 years, residents will rotate on almost all of these “selectives”, with assignments based on resident preferences. When on subspecialty consultation services, residents participate in the clinics, conferences, consulting rounds and diagnostic laboratories of those subspecialties, working closely with the faculty and fellows. The residents play a central role in the consultation component of those disciplines, but also have opportunities to develop related procedural skills. Senior medical students on subspecialty electives often work with the consulting residents.
In addition, rotations in Neurology and Geriatrics are provided in the intern year. The neurology rotation is available at OHSU Hospital and is usually done in the PGY-1 year. Interns on this service work alongside the Neurology housestaff and are supervised by Neurology faculty. The Geriatrics rotation is also based at OHSU, with interns rotating at one of the two local (SNF/LTC) facilities; Mirabella Portland or Holladay Park Plaza. The overarching goal of this rotation is to expose trainees to the skilled-nursing and long-term care settings in which their older adult patients reside. Interns will learn principles of geriatric medicine and common geriatric syndromes, models of geriatric care including rehabilitation and nursing home structures, transitions of care, and interprofessional team care within the skilled nursing facility (SNF) and long-term care (LTC) settings.
We assign two elective blocks every PGY2 year and 1 elective block every PGY3 year during training. Residents may choose to fill this time with local, national, or international experiences.
Our residency program prides itself on a dedication to outpatient training. This served as one of a number of important reasons we redesigned our program into the "3+1" schedule. Every month, residents have one full week focused on primary care. Each "+1 week" includes 3-5 primary continuity clinics, 1 secondary continuity clinic (for R2s and R3s- in the clinic of their choice), two Ambulatory seminar half-days, and 2-4 half-days in a wide variety of outpatient clinics (including Women's Health, Med-Psych, Dermatology, Sports Medicine/Orthopedics, ENT/Allergy, our unique Chronic Illness Management clinic, and Social Medicine/Urban Primary Care).
While rotating on the +1 week, residents will complete a Patient Safety and Quality Improvement curriculum and personal improvement project. The seminar half-days are focused around a particular topic in primary care internal medicine and include case-based lectures, team-based activities, EBM reviews, a "Practice Management/Medical Home Skills" series, and Ambulatory report. As part of our innovative Practice Management/Medical Home skills curriculum, residents receive clinic data about their panel of patients and work on team-based projects in population management.
In addition to the wide number of offerings during the +1 week, residents also rotate through an Ambulatory block and two 2-month long blocks at Kaiser Permanente. These blocks are carefully arranged to provide residents with exposure to a variety of primary care topics and venues including a unique social medicine curriculum through our affiliation with Central City Concern and a wonderful Health Systems curriculum at Kaiser.
The Department of Medicine at OHSU is committed to practice and training in primary care internal medicine. Newly matched interns are invited to complete a career planning survey before arriving for internship. Information from this survey determines which residents are given a primary care track schedule. In the spring of each academic year, all residents complete this same survey, indicating their evolving career plans. Thus, residents may "track" in or out of the primary care track, creating an opportunity to better tailor rotations and experiences to meet their future goals and plans.
We intentionally do not offer a separate match number for our primary care track. This allows any internal medicine resident who is interested in primary care to move into the Primary Care Track. We feel this is important as many students may be interested, but not able to commit to, primary care in their fourth year of medical school and it allows flexibility so that we can expand to meet the needs of the residents. In general, about 15-20% of our residents chose to enter the primary care track and over the last four years approximately 20% of our residents have entered careers in Primary Care. Importantly, we also feel that all of our residents (categorical and primary care track) receive outstanding training in outpatient general internal medicine since almost all physicians will work in an outpatient setting whether primary care or subspecialty medicine.
Primary care track residents have a Rural Preceptorship in the second year and a two month long Primary Care block rotation in the third year. For the rural preceptorship, residents chose to rotate in one of a wide number of rural based primary care clinics across Oregon as well as Indian Health Service sites in Alaska, California, Arizona, or Oregon. The primary care block includes two full days per week with a solo practitioner in East Portland, co-precepting in one's continuity clinic as well as opportunities to get "selective" experiences in primary care topics of one's choice (OB-Gyn, Orthopedics, Dermatology, etc). There is also primary care career mentorship and social events throughout the year to further enhance the experience.
Big Sib/Lil Sib Program
Through our Internal Medicine Residency Council, we offer a Big Sib/Lil Sib program which pairs new incoming interns with a second year resident based on common interests (career, family, hobbies). While common in medical schools, these programs are curiously less common in the GME setting. The heart behind this initiative arose from our very own residents and their desire to to minimize isolation for any intern or resident, normalize the feelings of burnout and self-doubt, and emphasize wellness throughout the entire year rather than just the bookends. Big Sib/Lil Sib pairs meet during orientation in July, and have quarterly meet-ups scheduled directly into their noon conference curriculum.We are well aware of the time constraints of residency life and knew this program would not be feasible unless we carved out time in the day for our residents.
Our program offers both formal and informal mentorship and career counseling opportunities for resident trainees. The formal mentorship structure consists of twice yearly meetings with the resident’s linked program director. At the beginning of internship each resident is linked to one of the five associate residency program directors. The Associate Program Director not only reviews the resident's rotation and self evaluations, but also offers guidance to enhance their continuing development and career planning. The Associate Program Director helps to connect residents with subspecialty research and/or career mentors who work collaboratively to create a good balance between becoming an expert clinician and leading a healthy, fulfilling life outside of residency.
With respect to informal mentorship, we have found that the faculty at OHSU to be warm and invested in our residents. They are receptive to residents who approach them seeking guidance and collaboration. Many have chosen to spend their careers here because of their deep interest in students and residents. Residents often develop professional and personal friendships with faculty members with whom they have served rotations or done research that focus on the resident's growth and happiness. Most residents have several advisors and mentors.
The OHSU Internal Medicine Residency Program's performance in the Fellowship Match has been outstanding, with residents routinely matching in the most competitive subspecialty fellowship programs, including cardiology, gastroenterology, and hematology-oncology. We believe every resident desiring a competitive fellowship will be able to obtain one and achieve their long term professional goals. We have willing and capable subspecialty and generalist mentors available to assist residents navigate that path and many OHSU faculty members welcome residents who are interested in doing research during their residency.
Residents have an opportunity to participate in research activities during their elective rotations and at other times during their training. Residents may choose to work with faculty at OHSU or the Portland VA Medical Center or go off-campus (local and abroad).
Over the years, residents have completed projects that led to abstract presentations at national society meetings and subsequent publications. In the past several years, residents have presented papers at the AFCR, the International AIDS meeting, the American Gastroenterology Association, American Society of Microbiology (ICCAC) and the American College of Physicians national meetings and have won national abstract competitions sponsored by the American College of Physicians.
The Department of Medicine in certain specialties supports the research pathway (Hem-Onc, Pulm CC, Nephrology, ID, Cardiology), of the American Board of Internal Medicine. This pathway permits a resident to satisfy training requirements for certification in Internal Medicine with two years of clinical training and two years of research training. An applicant interested in this pathway applies for OHSU Internal Medicine Residency through ERAS and, if a match here, would apply for the Research Pathway during their PG-2 year.