Chairman’s Welcome

Charles Thomas

We appreciate your interest in our education, research, and clinical programs. Established in the early 1960's as the first independent department of radiation oncology based in a U.S. medical school, our program is an integral component of the OHSU Knight Cancer Institute, an NCI-Designated Clinical Cancer Center.

Over the past half century, my predecessors and I, including Drs. William Allen (1964-1972), William Moss (1972-1989), and Kenneth Stevens (1989-2005), have collectively led the training multiple generations of practicing radiation medicine physicians.

The Department was one of the first to publish a large experience of preoperative radiotherapy for rectal cancer, now considered part of combined-modality standard of care for this common tumor.

The Department's graduates have consistently performed in the upper quartile of the American Board of Radiology certification examinations.

In addition to maintaining our high standard of patient care, our program is singularly aligned with the long-term goals of the Knight Cancer Institute leadership as the only academic health center in the state of Oregon. Simply put, we are committed to training the next generation of leaders in academic radiation medicine. The interdisciplinary nature of cancer medicine is consistent with a culture of collaboration across specialties, departments, schools, and institutions.

Several of the pioneering contributions of the Department are listed here

I welcome you to check out our website and to contact us for more information about our Department. Within this dynamic academic enterprise of robust clinical, educational, and research initiatives, resides a diverse community of scholars and clinicians who work in concert with some of the most dedicated radiation medicine staff in the Pacific Northwest.

I look forward to welcoming you to OHSU and sharing our Department with you.

With warmest professional regards, I am

Yours cordially,

Charles R. Thomas, Jr., M.D.

Charles R. Thomas Jr. M.D., department chair, and the Department of Radiation Medicine was recognized by the U.S. National Guard and Reserve with the Above and Beyond Award, the Patriotic Employer Award and the Seven Seals Award “for meritorious leadership and initiative in support of the men and women who serve America.”  Learn more about this honor here

Charles R. Thomas, Jr, M.D., department chair, has been awarded the inaugural SWOG Cancer Research Network Mentorship Award. This award is given to an individual who goes “above and beyond basic responsibility/job description to provide mentorship, leadership training, and support for the next generation.” Learn more about Dr. Thomas and his mentorship here

Charles R. Thomas, Jr, M.D., department chair, has been selected to serve on the Internal Coordinating Committee for Region 5 of the Geographic Management of Cancer Health Disparities program (GMaP). GMaP is funded by the National Cancer Institute’s Center to Reduce Cancer Health Disparities. Through a systematic and comprehensive approach, we collaborate, cooperate, share resources and information, and build capacity between researchers, trainees, outreach workers and organizations to advance research and training.

Charles Thomas visit to Mayo 2020

Charles Thomas, Jr., M.D., Chair, was a visiting professor in the at Mayo Clinic Radiation Oncology's Alix of Medicine in Scottsdale., AZ in February 2020. Following a presentation on “Thymic Neoplasms: Update 2020”, he visited with house staff, faculty, students, and toured the particle therapy center.

Charles R. Thomas, Jr., department chair, attended the 2020 RSNA Clinical Trials Methodology Course. The six-day workshop, provided participants with the tools and expertise to develop protocols for clinical evaluation of imaging modalities and become funded principal investigator for clinical trials. Dr. Thomas also had the opportunity to met with former mentee, David Fuller, M.D., Ph.D., and his mentees.

Charles Thomas, Jr., M.D., Chair, discussed the challenges and solutions to establishing a mutually respectful workplace with Colin Weekes, M.D., Ph.D. during the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting. The discussion was recorded for the ASCO Daily News podcast.

Charles Thomas, Jr., M.D., Jr., to participate in ASTRO panel, Burnout and Work-Life Balance in Radiation Oncology

Charles Thomas, Jr., M.D., Jr explains the career benefits of attending the AACHARLES/ECCO Methods in Cancer Clinical Research (MCCHARLES) workshops

Charles Thomas, Jr., M.D. co-authors survey of burnout in postgraduate radiation oncology trainees

Charles Thomas, Jr., M.D. co-authors emotional intelligence survey of chairs of North American academic Radiation Oncology programs

Charles Thomas, Jr., M.D., Jr. serves a discussant for poster session at the 2017 ASCO meeting on June 3, 2017 in Chicago

Charles Thomas, Jr., M.D. moderate the 2017 ASCO Annual Meeting Grant Writing Workshop

Charles Thomas, Jr., M.D., Jr. will co-lead the ARRO Poster Walk session

Charles Thomas, Jr., M.D., Jr. was a keynote presenter at the 47th Annual University of Florida Radiation Oncology Outcomes Tracking Seminar

Department chair, Charles Thomas, Jr., M.D., Jr., will moderate a Panel Session for the 59th ASTRO Annual Meeting

Charles Thomas, Jr., M.D., Jr., presents at the 47th Annual UF Radiation Oncology Outcomes Tracking Seminar

Drs. Nabavizadeh and Thomas on JAMA network viewpoint : Oncology Know No Borders

Charles Thomas, Jr., M.D., a visiting professor in the dept. of radiation oncology at University of Pittsburgh

Drs. Shusana Rana & Charles Thomas review micro RNA lab data from experiments in the Anand Lab

Charles Thomas, Jr., M.D. visiting NW Feinberg Medical School presenting & interfacing

Drs. Timur Mitin & Charles Thomas, Jr., participated in multiple sessions at annual RUSSCO

Drs. Jerry Jaboin & Charles Thomas co-authors of disparities research in radiation oncology care

Drs. Jaboin & Charles Thomas, Jr. attended the annual Development Program scholars meeting

Charles Thomas, Jr., M.D. to present on behalf of the Early Stage Lung Cancer Comparative Effectiveness Research

Drs. Jerry J. Jaboin & Charles Thomas, Jr., presented at the 2016 NMA

Charles Thomas, Jr., M.D., Jr. visits the Utrecht University Medical Center, Hosted by JW Lagendijk

Drs. Charles Thomas, Jr. & Jerry Jaboin attended the 2016 SCAROP in Washington, DC

Charles Thomas, Jr., M.D., Jr. re-visited college to introduce opportunities in the OHSU Radiation Medicine Program

Drs. Bornstein, Mitin, & Thomas to serve as moderators &discussants for 2016 ASTRO meeting

Charles Thomas, Jr., M.D. co-authors editorial "An Inflection Point in the Evolution of Oncologic Emergency Medicine"

Charles Thomas, Jr., M.D. served as an external reviewer at the University of Arizona COM & Arizona Cancer Center located in Tucson

Charles Thomas, Jr., M.D. co-authors editorial "An Inflection Point in the Evolution of Oncologic Emergency Medicine"

Charles Thomas, Jr., M.D. served as an external reviewer at the University of Arizona COM & Arizona Cancer Center located in Tucson

Charles Thomas, Jr., M.D. is co-author of JNCI article desCharlesibing novel dose-escalation strategy for SBRT

Charles Thomas, Jr., M.D. to Serve as VP of SCAROP

Charles Thomas, Jr., M.D., Jr. Visiting Faculty Scholar at MAASTRO Clinic

Charles Thomas, Jr., M.D. was a guest faculty for the spring 2015 meeting of the Chicago Radiological Society

Charles Thomas, Jr., M.D. Presents the 43rd Annual Buschke Memorial Lecture

Charles Thomas, Jr., M.D. was a visiting faculty at the University of British Columbia/British Columbia Cancer Agency in October 2014

Dr. Jeffrey Robinson and Charles Thomas, Jr., M.D. comment in Oncology Times Journal

Charles Thomas, Jr., M.D. invited to serve on the Lower GI Expert Panel for the AJCC Cancer Staging System

Charles Thomas, Jr., M.D. co-authored two presentations at the 6th AACHARLES Conference

Charles Thomas, Jr., M.D., represented at the annual Medical Specialty Speed Dating event in November 2013

Charles Thomas, Jr., M.D. has been selected to serve on the editorial board of Surgical Oncology

Charles Thomas, Jr., M.D. co-presented at the 4th International Thymic Malignancy Interest Group Annual Meeting

Charles Thomas, Jr., M.D. co-presented at the 4th International Thymic Malignancy Interest Group Annual Meeting

Charles Thomas, Jr., M.D. selected to return as a participating faculty for the 2013 ASCO/AACHARLES Methods in Clinical Cancer Research Workshop

Charles Thomas, Jr., M.D. served as the panel chair for educational exhibits at the 2012 RSNA meeting

Drs. Charles Thomas & Dwight Heron both served as co-moderators at the 2012 RSNA meeting

Charles Thomas, Jr., M.D. is co-author of the long-term outcome analysis of RTOG 98-11 abstract

Charles Thomas, Jr., M.D. will serve as an invited faculty for the FLIMS Workshop in Switzerland

Charles Thomas, Jr., M.D. appointed to serve on the Radiation Oncology & Radiobiology Subcommittee

All archived news articles are collected at the request of Oregon Health & Science University using Archive-It.


Linguistic Biases in Letters of Recommendation for Radiation Oncology Residency Applicants from 2015 to 2019. Chapman BV, Rooney MK, Ludmir EB, De La Cruz D, Salcedo A, Pinnix CC, Das P, Jagsi R, Thomas CR Jr, Holliday EB. J Cancer Educ. 2020 Oct 27:1–8. doi: 10.1007/s13187-020-01907-x. 

Radiation Therapy for Rectal Cancer: Executive Summary of an ASTRO Clinical Practice Guideline. Wo JY, Anker CJ, Ashman JB, Bhadkamkar NA, Bradfield L, Chang DT, Dorth J, Garcia-Aguilar J, Goff D, Jacqmin D, Kelly P, Newman NB, Jeffrey Olsen J, Raldow AC, Ruiz-Garcia E, Stitzenberg KB, Thomas CR, Wu J, Das P. Practical Radiation Oncology.  2020 Oct 20; 1-13. doi:

Performance Status Restriction in Phase III Cancer Clinical Trials. Abi Jaoude J, Kouzy R, Mainwaring W, Lin TA, Miller AB, Jethanandani A, Espinoza AF, Pasalicv D, Verma V, VanderWalde NA, Smith BD, Smith, GL. Fuller C, Das P, Minsky BD, Rödel C, Fokas E, Jagsi, R, Thomas CR, Subbiah IM, Taniguchi CM, Ludmir EB.  Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network J Natl Compr Canc Netw18(10), 1322-1326. 

Meeting the Challenge of Scientific Dissemination in the Era of COVID-19: Toward a Modular Approach to Knowledge-Sharing for Radiation Oncology. Fuller CD,van Dijk LV, Thompson RF, Scott JG, Ludmir EB, Thomas CR. Scientific Communication,  Volume 108, Issue 2, P496-505, October 01, 2020. doi:

Progression-free survival is a suboptimal predictor for overall survival among metastatic solid tumour clinical trials Pasalic D, McGinnis GJ, Fuller CD, Grossberg AJ, Verma V, Mainwaring W, Miller AB, Lin TA, Jethanandani A, Espinoza AF, Diefenhardt M, Das P, Subbiah V, Subbiah IM, Jagsi R, Garden AS, Fokas E, Rödel C, Thomas CR Jr, Minsky BD, Ludmir EB.Eur J Cancer. 2020 Sep;136:176-185. doi: 10.1016/j.ejca.2020.06.015. Epub 2020 Jul 20.PMID: 32702645

 Multidisciplinary standards of care and recent progress in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. Grossberg AJ, Chu LC, Deig CR, Fishman EK, Hwang WL, Maitra A, Marks DL, Mehta A, Nabavizadeh N, Simeone DM, Weekes CD, Thomas CR Jr.CA Cancer J Clin. 2020 Jul 19. doi: 10.3322/caac.21626

Structural Solutions for the Rarest of the Rare — Underrepresented-Minority Faculty in Medical Subspecialties. Doll KM, Thomas Jr CR. N Engl J Med 2020; 383:283-285. doi: 10.1056/NEJMms2003544

I Can’t Breathe: The Continued, Disproportionate Exclusion of Black Physicians in the United States Radiation Oncology Workforce . Deville Jr C, Cruickshank Jr I, Chapman CH, Hwang W-T, Wyse R, Ahmed AA, Winkfield K, Thomas Jr CR, Gibbs IC. International Journal of Radiation Oncology • Biology • Physics (2020), doi:

Radiation Oncology Study Guide. Chandra RA, Ord CB, Rana S, Hansen EK, Thomas, CR. (Eds.) Springer Nature. 2nd ed. 2021, Approx. 450 p. 50 illus. in color.

What Happens Next: Radiation Oncology After COVID? Chandra RA, Thomas CR. Clinical & Translational Radiation Oncology. 26 May 2020.  doi:

Longitudinal Health-Related Quality of Life among Individuals Considering Treatment for Stage I Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer. Nugent SM, Golden SE, Hooker ER, Sullivan DR, Thomas CR Jr, Deffebach ME, Sukumar MS, Schipper PH, Tieu BH, Moghanaki D, Wisnivesky J, Samson P, Robinson C, Slatore CG; Early Stage Lung Cancer Comparative Effectiveness Research Consortium. Ann Am Thorac Soc. 2020 May 20. doi: 10.1513/AnnalsATS.202001-029OC. Epub ahead of print.

Management of Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer with Bladder Preservation in Russia: a Survey-Based Analysis of Current Practice and the Impact of an Educational Workshop on Clinical Expertise. Mitin T, Dengina N, Chernykh M, Usychkin S, Gladkov O, Degnin C, Chen Y, Nosov D, Tsimafeyeu I, Thomas CR Jr, Tjulandin S. J Cancer Educ. 2020 Mar 4. doi: 10.1007/s13187-020-01728-y

Advocating for a "Community to bench model" in the 21st century. Tossas KY, Watson KS, Colditz GA, Thomas CR, Stewart JH, Winn RA. EBioMedicine. 2020 Feb 26;53:102688. doi: 10.1016/j.ebiom.2020.102688

Real-world applications of deep convolutional neural networks in diagnostic cancer imaging. Elhalawani H, Yang P, Abazeed M, Shah C, Mohamed ASR, Thomas CR Jr, Fuller CD, Thompson RF. Chin Clin Oncol. 2020 Feb 1. pii: cco.2020.01.02. doi: 10.21037/cco.2020.01.02.

Disease Sites. Chandra RA, Kachnic LA, Thomas CR Jr. Hematol Oncol Clin North Am. 2020 Feb;34(1):xv-xvi. doi: 10.1016/j.hoc.2019.09.011. Epub 2019 Oct 28.

Radiotherapy for Hepatocellular Carcinoma in Russia: a Survey-Based Analysis of Current Practice and the Impact of an Educational Workshop on Clinical Expertise. Mitin T, Degnin C, Chen Y, Shirvani S, Gillespie E, Hoffe S, Latifi K, Nabavizadeh N, Dengina N, Chernich M, Usychkin S, Kharitonova E, Egorova Y, Pankratov A, Tsimafeyeu I, Thomas CR Jr, Tjulandin S, Likhacheva A.

In Regard to Wallner et al. Kang J, Thompson RF, Fuller CD, Camphausen KA, Gabriel PE, Thomas CR. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2020 Jan 1;106(1):217-218. doi: 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2019.10.044.


The Trials (and Tribulations) of Complementary and Alternative Medicine in Oncology. Ludmir EB, Jethanandani A, Mainwaring W, Miller AB, Lin TA, Espinoza AF, Verma V, VanderWalde NA, Grossberg AJ, Guadagnolo BA, Koong AC, Jagsi R, Thomas CR, Fuller CD. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2019 Dec 1;111(12):1358-1360. doi: 10.1093/jnci/djz117.

Decreasing incidence of upper age restriction enrollment criteria among cancer clinical trials. Ludmir EB, Subbiah IM, Mainwaring W, Miller AB, Lin TA, Jethanandani A, Espinoza AF, Mandel JJ, Fang P, Smith BD, Smith GL, Pinnix CC, Sedrak MS, Kimmick GG, Stinchcombe TE, Jagsi R, Thomas CR Jr, Fuller CD, VanderWalde NA. J Geriatr Oncol. 2019 Nov 8. pii: S1879-4068(19)30348-0. doi: 10.1016/j.jgo.2019.11.001.

Bridging the Gap in Global Advanced Radiation Oncology Training: Impact of a Web-Based Open-Access Interactive Three-Dimensional Contouring Atlas on Radiation Oncologist Practice in Russia. McClelland S 3rd, Chernykh M, Dengina N, Gillespie EF, Likhacheva A, Usychkin S, Pankratov A, Kharitonova E, Egorova Y, Tsimafeyeu I, Tjulandin S, Thomas CR Jr, Mitin T. J Cancer Educ. 2019 Oct;34(5):871-873. doi: 10.1007/s13187-018-1388-7.

Validation of the Emergency Severity Index (Version 4) for the Triage of Adult Emergency Department Patients With Active Cancer. Adler D, Abar B, Durham DD, Bastani A, Bernstein SL, Baugh CW, Bischof JJ, Coyne CJ, Grudzen CR, Henning DJ, Hudson MF, Klotz A, Lyman GH, Madsen TE, Pallin DJ, Reyes-Gibby CC, Rico JF, Ryan RJ, Shapiro NI, Swor R, Thomas CR Jr, Venkat A, Wilson J, Yeung SJ, Caterino JM. J Emerg Med. 2019 Sep;57(3):354-361. doi: 10.1016/j.jemermed.2019.05.023. Epub 2019 Jul 26.

Enhancing chemoradiation of colorectal cancer through targeted delivery of raltitrexed by hyaluronic acid coated nanoparticles. Rosch JG, Landry MR, Thomas CR Jr, Sun C. Nanoscale. 2019 Aug 7;11(29):13947-13960. doi: 10.1039/c9nr04320a. Epub 2019 Jul 15.

Gender, Professional Experiences, and Personal Characteristics of Academic Radiation Oncology Chairs: Data to Inform the Pipeline for the 21st Century. Beeler WH, Griffith KA, Jones RD, Chapman CH, Holliday EB, Lalani N, Wilson E, Bonner JA, Formenti SC, Hahn SM, Kalnicki S, Liu FF, Movsas B, Thomas CR Jr, Jagsi R. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2019 Aug 1;104(5):979-986. doi: 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2019.01.074. Epub 2019 Jan 23.

Treatment-Related Complications of Systemic Therapy and Radiotherapy. Jairam V, Lee V, Park HS, Thomas CR Jr, Melnick ER, Gross CP, Presley CJ, Adelson KB, Yu JB. JAMA Oncol. 2019 Jul 1;5(7):1028-1035. doi: 10.1001/jamaoncol.2019.0086.

Factors Associated With Age Disparities Among Cancer Clinical Trial Participants. Ludmir EB, Mainwaring W, Lin TA, Miller AB, Jethanandani A, Espinoza AF, Mandel JJ, Lin SH, Smith BD, Smith GL, VanderWalde NA, Minsky BD, Koong AC, Stinchcombe TE, Jagsi R, Gomez DR, Thomas CR Jr, Fuller CD. JAMA Oncol. 2019 Jun 3. doi: 10.1001/jamaoncol.2019.2055.

Stop hedging your bets: reasons for non-adherence to a tri-modality regimen in the treatment of esophageal cancer in a multidisciplinary setting. Rahmani R, Koffler D, Haisley KR, Hunter JG, Poliakoff C, Thomas CR Jr, Holland JM, Dolan JP, Nabavizadeh N. J Gastrointest Oncol. 2019 Jun;10(3):387-390. doi: 10.21037/jgo.2019.01.24.

Use of the g-index for assessment of citation-based scholarly activity of United States radiation oncology residents and subsequent choice of academic versus private practice career. McClelland Iii S, Mitin T, Nabavizadeh N, Fuller CD, Thomas CR Jr, Jaboin JJ. Rep Pract Oncol Radiother. 2019 May-Jun;24(3):294-297. doi: 10.1016/j.rpor.2019.03.005.

Radiation oncology crossword: Genitourinary cancer. McClelland S 3rd, Mitin T, Thomas CR Jr. Rep Pract Oncol Radiother. 2019 May-Jun;24(3):281-283. doi: 10.1016/j.rpor.2019.03.004.

Micellar Formulation of Talazoparib and Buparlisib for Enhanced DNA Damage in Breast Cancer Chemoradiotherapy. DuRoss AN, Neufeld MJ, Landry MR, Rosch JG, Eaton CT, Sahay G, Thomas CR Jr, Sun C. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2019 Apr 3;11(13):12342-12356. doi: 10.1021/acsami.9b02408.

Integrating nanomedicine into clinical radiotherapy regimens. DuRoss AN, Neufeld MJ, Rana S, Thomas CR Jr, Sun C. Adv Drug Deliv Rev. 2019 Apr;144:35-56. doi: 10.1016/j.addr.2019.07.002

Is Watch-and-Wait Ready for Prime Time?: It Depends on Priming of the Multidisciplinary Care Team. Thomas CR Jr. JAMA Oncol. 2019 Apr 1;5(4):e185895. doi: 10.1001/jamaoncol.2018.5895.

Analysis of Diagnoses, Symptoms, Medications, and Admissions Among Patients With Cancer Presenting to Emergency Departments. Caterino JM, Adler D, Durham DD, Yeung SJ, Hudson MF, Bastani A, Bernstein SL, Baugh CW, Coyne CJ, Grudzen CR, Henning DJ, Klotz A, Madsen TE, Pallin DJ, Reyes-Gibby CC, Rico JF, Ryan RJ, Shapiro NI, Swor R, Venkat A, Wilson J, Thomas CR Jr, Bischof JJ, Lyman GH. JAMA Netw Open. 2019 Mar 1;2(3):e190979. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.0979.

Artificial Intelligence in Oncology: Current Applications and Future Directions. Kann BH, Thompson R, Thomas CR Jr, Dicker A, Aneja S. Oncology (Williston Park). 2019 Feb 15;33(2):46-53.

A pooled analysis of individual patient data from National Clinical Trials Network clinical trials of concurrent chemoradiotherapy for limited-stage small cell lung cancer in elderly patients versus younger patients. Stinchcombe TE, Fan W, Schild SE, Vokes EE, Bogart J, Le QT, Thomas CR, Edelman MJ, Horn L, Komaki R, Cohen HJ, Kishor Ganti A, Pang H, Wang X. Cancer. 2019 Feb 1;125(3):382-390. doi: 10.1002/cncr.31813.

Industry Funding Is Correlated With Publication Productivity of US Academic Radiation Oncologists. Zaorsky NG, Ahmed AA, Zhu J, Yoo SK, Fuller CD, Thomas CR Jr, Choi M, Holliday EB. J Am Coll Radiol. 2019 Feb;16(2):244-251. doi: 10.1016/j.jacr.2018.07.024.

Career Enrichment Opportunities at the Scientific Frontier in Radiation Oncology. Thompson RF, Fuller CD, Berman AT, Aneja S, Thomas CR Jr. JCO Clin Cancer Inform. 2019 Feb;3:1-4. doi: 10.1200/CCI.18.00126.

An in-silico quality assurance study of contouring target volumes in thoracic tumors within a cooperative group setting. Elhalawani H, Elgohari B, Lin TA, Mohamed ASR, Fitzgerald TJ, Laurie F, Ulin K, Kalpathy-Cramer J, Guerrero T, Holliday EB, Russo G, Patel A, Jones W, Walker GV, Awan M, Choi M, Dagan R, Mahmoud O, Shapiro A, Kong FS, Gomez D, Zeng J, Decker R, Spoelstra FOB, Gaspar LE, Kachnic LA, Thomas CR Jr, Okunieff P, Fuller CD. Clin Transl Radiat Oncol. 2019 Jan 6;15:83-92. doi: 10.1016/j.ctro.2019.01.001

Establishing a Mutually Respectful Environment in the Workplace: A Toolbox for Performance Excellence. Duma N, Maingi S, Tap WD, Weekes CD, Thomas CR Jr. Am Soc Clin Oncol Educ Book. 2019 Jan;39:e219-e226. doi: 10.1200/EDBK_249529.

Radiation Dose and Fractionation for Limited-stage Small-cell Lung Cancer: Survey of US Radiation Oncologists on Practice Patterns. Farrell MJ, Yahya JB, Degnin C, Chen Y, Holland JM, Henderson MA, Jaboin JJ, Harkenrider MM, Thomas CR Jr, Mitin T. Clin Lung Cancer. 2019 Jan;20(1):13-19. doi: 10.1016/j.cllc.2018.08.015.

Survey results of US radiation oncology providers' contextual engagement of watch-and-wait beliefs after a complete clinical response to chemoradiation in patients with local rectal cancer. Yahya J, Herzig D, Farrell M, Degnin C, Chen Y, Holland J, Brown S, Binder C, Jaboin J, Tsikitis VL, Nabavizadeh N, Thomas CR Jr, Mitin T. J Gastrointest Oncol. 2018 Dec;9(6):1127-1132. doi: 10.21037/jgo.2018.08.02