Maternal phenotype

Obesity during pregnancy puts women at increased risk of many complications.  According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) overweight and obese pregnant women have more prenatal fetal tests, ultrasonic examinations, medications, phone calls to the health care provider, prenatal visit, and increased hospital stays due to obesity related high risk conditions and increases in Cesarean deliveries.  Being obese or overweight during pregnancy is now a common high-risk condition affecting about one in five women who give birth.

It is important to ensure that the mother understands the risk factors of chronic disease development in relation to obese maternal figures. Examples of diseases that have been recognized with developmental origins are, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and obesity.  Supporting obese and overweight women during pregnancy is important through the promotion of education, counseling, weight loss programs, to reduce the developing baby’s exposure to an obese maternal environment.

Center for Disease Control. (2018, April 27). Reproductive Health. Retrieved from

Chavatte-Palmer, P., Tarrade, A., & Rousseau-Ralliard, D. (2016). Diet before and during Pregnancy and Offspring Health: The Importance of Animal Models and What Can Be Learned from Them. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health,13(6), 586.

Chen, A., Feresu, S., Fernandez, C., & Rogan, W. (2009). Maternal Obesity and the Risk of Infant Death in the United States. Epidemiology, 20(1), 74-81.

Patti, M. (2013). Reducing maternal weight improves offspring metabolism and alters (or modulates) methylation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 110(32), 12859-12860.