HEALTH EQUITY & SOCIAL DETERMINANTS OF HEALTH (SDOH)

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DISPARITIES IN HEALTH CARE

Health care disparities exist in access to or availability between population groups defined by socioeconomic characteristics such as age, ethnicity, race, economic resources, or gender and populations identified geographically across the United States. CHSE evaluates the impact of Oregon’s efforts to reduce health disparities through Medicaid reform.

HEALTH & CRIMINAL JUSTICE

Adults with criminal justice involvement (CJI) have higher behavioral health treatment needs (e.g., for mental illness or substance use disorder) and higher rates of communicable diseases (e.g., Hepatitis C, tuberculosis) than the general population. In Medicaid expansion states like Oregon, many adults with CJI are eligible for enrollment in Medicaid when they are no longer incarcerated. CHSE partners with the Oregon Criminal Justice Commission to improve understanding of health care needs for these individuals.

REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH

Medicaid is the largest single-payer of obstetric and contraceptive services in the US. CHSE researchers along with CHSE affiliate faculty Dr. Maria Rodriguez use national Medicaid data to examine how variations in Medicaid policy and coverage influence the initiation and use of effective contraception across local, state and national levels.

SOCIAL DETERMINANTS OF HEALTH (SDOH)

Social Determinants of Health (SDOH) are the environmental conditions in which individuals are born, live, learn, work and age that affect their health, well-being and quality of life. CHSE provides critical evidence to state Medicaid programs promoting the use of health-related services to help address issues such as food insecurity, housing, non-medical transportation and other social needs.

DIABETES CARE

The prevalence of diabetes has increased substantially in the U.S. In 2017, more than 30 million people were diagnosed with this condition, more than twice as many as compared with 20 years prior. In addition to the personal and quality of life impacts, the economic costs associated with diabetes are substantial, reaching around $327 billion in 2017. CHSE research explores the impact of diabetes-related care as a result of Medicaid Expansion in Oregon.