Diabetes

Obesity is the leading cause of type 2 diabetes.  Type 2 diabetes is one of the most common chronic diseases used to predict the health of a city, state, or nation because diabetes often leads to other chronic diseases such as heart disease and kidney disease. Type 2 diabetes is the result of poor nutrition from when baby was developing and not able to gain.  Gestational diabetes is a form of diabetes that occurs while the mom is pregnant.  This happens because the pancreas is not working properly and cannot regulate the amount of blood sugar within the mother’s body.  When this happens both mother and baby are at a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes after the child is born.  Children with mothers who had gestational diabetes have been found to have more belly fat and a larger waist band size at ages 6 to 13 compared to children whose mothers did not have to gestational diabetes.

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Wicklow, B. A., & Sellers, E. A. (2015). Maternal health issues and cardio-metabolic outcomes in the offspring: A focus on Indigenous populations. Best Practice & Research Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology,29(1), 43-53.

Yarmolinsky, J., Mueller, N. T., Duncan, B. B., Chor, D., Bensenor, I. M., Griep, R. H., . . . Schmidt, M. I. (2016). Sex-specific associations of low birth weight with adult-onset diabetes and measures of glucose homeostasis: Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health. Scientific Reports,6(1).