Nerve entrapment neuropathy causes pain, loss of function or both. It can happen to your motor nerves (nerves that control movement) or sensory nerves (nerves that control sensation). Nerve entrapment is caused by chronic (long lasting) pressure on your peripheral nerves. This is called chronic nerve compression.
Peripheral nerves lie outside the brain and spinal cord and extend to the organs and limbs. The peripheral nervous system is not protected by bone like the central nervous system which means peripheral nerves are more easily exposed to toxins (poisons) and mechanical injuries.
Damage to peripheral nerves and the peripheral nervous system interrupts these important connections and can lead to a variety of nerve syndromes.
Carpal tunnel syndrome, compression of the median nerve at your wrist, is the most common nerve entrapment neuropathy.
Cubital tunnel syndrome is the second most common type of nerve entrapment. It is also known as ulnar nerve entrapment and is caused by nerve compression at your elbow. Symptoms may include numbness in your hand and fingers and may be similar to symptoms of other medical conditions.
Other rare nerve entrapment syndromes involve the suprascapular nerve (nerve found in your upper trunk) and compression of the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve in your groin.
At OHSU, we have the nation’s top neurology experts and the most advanced surgical and non-surgical treatment options available. Your doctor will work with you to develop the best treatment plan for your nerve entrapment syndrome.