OHSU

Diagnosing Parkinson's

Diagnosing Parkinson's

Doctors cannot diagnose Parkinson's disease using a blood test or MRI alone. These tests are used to rule out other causes for your symptoms.

It's best to consult a neurologist (nervous system doctor) or movement disorder specialist (specially trained neurologist) if you suspect you have Parkinson's disease. They can provide a complete examination and evaluation to sort out your symptoms, make an accurate diagnosis and design a treatment plan.

Our team of experienced specialists have been diagnosing and treating Parkinson's disease for more than 30 years and are the resident experts in the Pacific Northwest.

If you recently found out you have Parkinson's disease, please consider attending our Recently Diagnosed Education session. These sessions are offered every other month at the PCO.

Symptoms

The most obvious symptoms of Parkinson's disease are the motor symptoms. Primary symptoms affect your body's movement and muscle coordination. Symptoms not related to movement are called secondary symptoms.

It's important to remember that people with Parkinson's disease will not get all these symptoms. But it helps to understand that these signs and symptoms can be related to Parkinson's disease.

Primary Motor Symptoms

Having two or more of these symptoms is a strong sign of Parkinson's disease:

  • Tremor (shaking)
  • Slow movement
  • Muscle stiffness (rigidity)

Other primary symptoms are:

  • Expressionless face (masked face)
  • Small handwriting
  • Shuffling walk with small steps
  • Swinging arms less when walking
  • Soft voice

Problems with balance or swallowing usually happen later in Parkinson's disease.

Secondary (non-movement) symptoms:

  • Low blood pressure or feeling dizzy when you change position
  • Nausea (feeling sick to your stomach) and trouble swallowing
  • Constipation (difficulty having a bowel movement)
  • Frequent urination or trouble urinating
  • Breathing problems
  • Making more saliva than normal
  • Trouble sleeping at night, feeling sleepy during the day, other sleep problems
  • Restless leg syndrome

Additional symptoms are:

  • Sexual problems
  • Muscle pain or cramping
  • Feeling depressed or anxious, other mood or thinking changes
  • Problems with vision or sense of smell
  • Feeling too hot or cold