Satisfaction With Life and Self-esteem Among Consumers with Disability and Substance Abuse

Mary McAweeney, Dennis Moore

Abstract

Comparative data on adults with and without disabilities shows differences in life satisfaction; those with disabilities reporting lower satisfaction when compared to those without disabilities. The purpose of this poster is to describe the distribution and relationship between two surveys, the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) and the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale, purported to measure life satisfaction and self-esteem respectively, and compare the SWLS with normative data. All subjects have co-occurring disabilities and are participating in a supported employment clinical trial. They are receiving outpatient substance abuse services from either the TBI Network, affiliated with Ohio State University or the Consumer Advocacy Model affiliated with Wright State University. The TBI Network serves persons with a traumatic brain injury (TBI) and a substance use disorder (SUD). The CAM program serves consumers with SUD and a coexisting disability. The SWLS is a five-item scale that asks respondents to indicate their degree of agreement on a 7-point Likert scale to statements regarding life satisfaction. Numerous studies have supported its reliability and validity (Diener et al., 1985; Pavot & Diener, 1993). The subject SWLS data will be compared to normative SWLS data from persons without disabilities. In addition, we will examine data from the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale. It consists of 10 statements related to overall feelings of self-worth or self-acceptance. The items are answered on a four-point scale. The Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale will provide additional information on related constructs. The health and satisfaction of persons with co-occurring disabilities requires greater clinical attention in treatment.