Level 1 Trauma Center
Oregon Health & Science University is a Level 1 Trauma center authorized by the Oregon Department of Human Services: health services, emergency medical services and trauma systems to provide tertiary trauma care.
OHSU is the only academic Level 1 trauma center in Oregon serving injured persons throughout Oregon and the Pacific Northwest. OHSU Hospital and Doernbecher Children's Hospital have provided exceptional clinical care to injured patient for more than a decade a fully designated Level 1 trauma center.
Oregon's statewide trauma system is based on landmark legislation. Statutory authority was passed in 1985 by the State Legislature as ORS 431.607 - 431.633 under the leadership of the president of the Oregon Senate, John Kitzhaber, M.D., and signed into law by Governor Victor G. Atiyeh. With the implementation of the trauma system in May of 1988, only two Portland hospitals, OHSU and Legacy Emanuel Hospital were designated as Oregon's Level 1 trauma centers. Injured individuals in the four county metropolitan region, identified by pre-hospital rescue personnel or emergency medical technicians meeting the criteria for service injury are transported to one of the two designated Level 1 trauma centers.
Oregon's statewide trauma system was implemented between 1987 and 1991. Research studies before and after the statewide trauma system was implemented has indicated important and beneficial results of the trauma system on inter-hospital transfer practices. Not only were more seriously injured patients transferred to the Level 1 and Level 2 trauma centers in the state, but these transfers were accomplished more quickly, resulting in injured patients receiving definitive treatments in a more timely manner.