Endodontic Trauma: Pathogenesis and Treatment
Objectives and Goals
- Name, describe and clinically identify the five possible results of trauma to the pulp and periodontal ligament.
- Differentiate the types of external resorption and describe their etiologies.
- Name, describe, diagnose and correctly treat all traumatic coronal injuries involving enamel, dentin, pulp exposure and apical maturation status.
- Diagnose and properly treat horizontal root fractures.
- Name, describe, diagnose and correctly treat luxation and avulsion injuries.
- State the relative prognoses for pulp and tooth retention associated with each type of dental injury.
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