Objectives and Goals
- recognize and defend the need for sealer usage in endodontic obturation
- list desirable and undesirable properties of available sealers
- understand the effects of film thickness, spatulation, particle size and other traits on the handling characteristics and physical properties of sealers.
- understand the various types of sealers available and how to classify them.
- discuss cytotoxicity of sealers and its importance/relevance.
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Cohen BI, Musikant BL, Deutsch AS, Volovich Y. Shear bond strength for four endodontic sealers. Endo Prac 5:9. June, 2002.
Lucena-Martín C, Ferrer-Luque CM, Gonzáles-Rodrígues MP, Robles-Gijón V, Navajas-Rodrígues de Mondelo JM. A comparative study of apical leakage of Endomethasone, Top Seal, and Roeko Seal sealer cements. J Endodon 28:423. June, 2002.
Miletić I, Ribarić S-P, Karlović A, Jukić S, Bošnjak A, Anić I. Apical leakage of five root canal sealers after one year of storage. J Endodon 2002;28(6):431-432.
Davis MC, Walton RE, Rivera EM. Sealer distribution in coronal dentin. J Endodon 28:464. June, 2002.
Pulgar R, Segura-Egea JJ, Fernández MF, Serna A, Olea N. The effect of AH26 and AH Plus on MCF-7 breast cancer cell proliferation in vitro. Int Endo J 35:551. 2002.
Çobankara FK, Üngör M, Belli S. The effect of two different root canal sealers and smear layer on resistance to root fracture. J Endodon 2002;28(8):606-609.
Schäfer E, Zandbiglari T. A comparison of the effectiveness of chloroform and eucalyptus oil in dissolving root canal sealers. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radio Endod 2002;93:611-616.
Schäfer E & Olthoff G. Effect of three different sealers on the sealing ability of both Thermafil Obturators and cold lateral compacted gutta-percha. J Endodon 28:638. September, 2002.
Schwarze T, Leyhausen G, Geurtsen W. Long-term cytocompatibility of vriuos endodontic sealers using a new root canal model. J Endodon 28:749. November, 2002.
Schwarze T, Fielder I, Leyhausen G, Geurtssen W. The cellular compatibility of five endodontic sealers during the setting period. J Endodon 28:784. November, 2002.
Neff T, Layman D, Jeansonne BG. In vitro cytotoxicity evaluation of endodontic sealers exposed to heat before assay. J Endodon 28:811. December, 2002.
Çobankara FK, Adanir N, Belli S, Pashley DH. A quantitative evaluation of apical leakage of four root-canal sealers. Int Endod J 2002;35:979-984.
de Oliveira Mendes S, Sobrinho APR, de Carvalho AT, de Souza Côrtes MI, Vieira LQ. In vitro evaluation of cytotoxicity of two root canal sealers on macrophage activity. J Endodon 29:95. February, 2003.
Tagger M, Tagger E, Tjan A, Bakland L. Shearing bond strength of endodontic sealers to gutta-percha. J Endodon 2003;29(3):191-193.
Pommel L, About I, Pashley D, Camps J. Apical Leakage of four endodontic sealers. J Endodon 29:208. March, 2003.
Mickel AK, Nguyen TH, Chogle S. Antimicrobial activity of endodontic sealers on enterococcus faecalis. J Endodon 2003;29(4):257-258.
Bernáth M, Szabo J. Tissue reaction initiated by different sealers. Int Endod J 2003;36:256-261.
Huumonen S, Leander-Lumikari M, Sigurdsson A, Ørstavik D. Healing of apical periodontitis after endodontic treatment: a comparison between a silicone-based and a zinc oxide-eugenol-based sealer. Int Endo J 36:296. April, 2003. Yoshimine Y, Yamamoto M, Ogasawara T, Koishi Y, Tanabe K, Hashiguchi I, Akamine A. In vitro evaluation of the cytocompatibility of a glass-ionomer cement sealer. J Endodon 29:453. July, 2003.
Ogasawara T, Yoshimine Y, Yamamoto M, Akamine A. Biocompatibility of an experimental glass-ionomer cement sealer in rat mandibular bone. OOOO&E 96:458. 2003.
Picoli F, Brugnera-Junior A, Saquy PC, Guerisoli DMZ, Pecora JD. Effect of ER:Yag laser and EDTAC on the adhesiveness to dentine of different sealers containing calcium hydroxide. Int Endo J 36:472. July, 2003.
McMichen FRS, Pearson G, Rahbaran S, Gulabivala K. A comparative study of selected physical properties of five root-canal sealers. Int Endo J 36:629. September, 2003.
Facer SR, Walton RE. Intracanal distsribution patterns of sealers after lateral condensation. J Endodon 2003;29(12):832-834.
Tagger M, Greenberg B, Sela G. Interaction between sealers and gutta-percha cones. J Endodon 2003;29(12):835-837.
Durate MAH, de O Demarchi ACC, de Moraes IG. Determination of pH and calcium ion release provided by pure and calcium hydroxide-containing AHPlus. Int Endo J 37:42. January, 2004.
Çobankara FK, Altinöz HC, Erganis O, Kav K, Belli S. In vitro antibacterial activities of root-canal sealers by using two different methods. J Endodon 30:57. January, 2004.
Hosoya N, Kurayama H, Lino F, Arai T. Effects of calcium hydroxide on physical and sealing properties of canal sealers. Int Endod J 2004;37:178-184.
Gogos C, Economides N, Stavrianos C, Kolokouris I, Kokorikos I. Adhesion of new methacrylate resin-based sealer to human dentin. J Endodon 30: 238. April, 2004.
Zmener O. Tissue response to a new methacrylate-based root canal sealer: Preliminary observations in the subcutaneous connective tissue of rats. J Endodon 30: 348. May, 2004.
Economides N, Stavrianos C, Kolokouris I, Kokorikos I, Panagiotis B, Gogos C. Comparative study of apical sealing ability of a new resin-based root canal sealer. J Endodon 30: 403. June, 2004.
Çobankara FK, Adanir N, Belli S. Evaluation of the influence of smear layer on the apical and coronal sealing ability of two sealers. J Endodon 2004;30(6):406-409.
Al-Awadhi S, Spears R, Gutman J, Opperman L. Cultured primary osteoblast viability and apoptosis in the presence of root canal sealers. J Endodon 30: 527. July, 2004.
Perassi FT, Filho IB, Villela Berbert FLC, Carlos IZ, de Toledo Leonardo R. Secretion of tumor necrosis factor-alpha by mouse peritoneal macrophages in the presence of dental sealers, Sealapex and Endomethasone. J Endodon 30: 534. July, 2004.
Weis MV, Parashos P, Messer HH. Effect of obturation technique on sealer cement thickness and dentinal tubule penetration. Int Endod J 2004;37:653-663.
Kim J-S, Baek S-H, Bae K-S. In vivo study on the biocompatibility of newly developed calcium phosphate-based root canal sealers. J Endodon 30: 708. October, 2004.
Bitter K, Paris S, Martus P, Schartner R, Kielbassa AM. A Confocal laser scanning microscope investigation of different dental adhesives bonded to root canal dentine. Int Endo J 37:840. 2004.
Dandakis C, Kaliva M, Lambrianidis T, Kosti E. An in vitro comparison of sealing ability of three endodontic sealers used in canals with iatrogenic enlargement of the apical constriction. J Endodon 31:190. March, 2005.
Eldeniz AU, Erdemir A, Belli S. Shear bond strength of three resin based sealers to dentin with and without the smerar layer. J Endodon 31:293. April, 2005.
Depraet FJHW, De Bruyne MAA, De Moor JG. The sealing ability of an epoxy resin root canal sealer after Nd:Yag laser irradiation of the root canal. Int Endo J 38:302. 2005.
Miletić I, Devčić N, Anić I, Borčić J, Karlović Z, Osmak M. The cytotoxicity of Roekoseal and AH Plus compared during different setting periods. J Endodon 31:307. April, 2005.
Kayaoglu G, Erten H, Alaçam T, Ørstavik D. Short-term antibacterial activity of root canal sealers towards Enteroccus faecalis. Int Endo J 38:483. 2005.
Huang F-M, Tsai C-H, Yang S-F, Chang Y-C. Induction of interleukin-6 and interleukin-8 gene expression by root canal sealers in human osteoblastic cells. J Endodon 31:679. September, 2005.
Orucoglu H, Sengun A, Yimaz N. Apical leakage of resin based root canal sealers with a new computerized fluidfiltration meter. J Endodon 31:886. December, 2005.
Cobankara FK, Orucoglu H, Sengun A, Belli S. The quantitiative evaluation of apical sealing of four endodontic sealers. J Endodon 32:66. January, 2006.
Hoelscher AA, Bahcall JK, Maki JS. In vitro evaluation of the antimicrobial effects of a root canal sealer-antibiotic combination against Enterococcus faecalis. J Endodon 32:145. February, 2006.