Vertical Root Fractures 2009

Objectives and Goals

  • The etiology and pathogenesis of vertical root fractures
  • The etiology and pathogenesis of crown fractures
  • The signs and symptoms (and frequency of each) of vertical root fractures and crown fractures
  • Treatment modes and rationales for vertical root fractures and crown fractures

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Tamse A. Vertical Root Fractures ofEndodontically Treated Teeth. Ingle's Endodontics 6.  Ingle J, Bakland L, Baumgartner JC eds 2008;676-689            

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Harvey TE, White JT, Leeb IJ. Lateral condensation stress in root canals.J Endodon 1981;7(4):151 - 155.

Pitts DL, Matheny HE, Nicholls JI. An in vitro study of spreader loads required to cause vertical root fracture during lateral condensation. J Endodon 1983;9(12):544 - 550.

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Sedgley CM, Messer HH.  Are endodontically treated teeth more brittle?  JEndodon 1992;18:332-335

Onnink PA, Davis RD, Wayman BE.  An in vitro comparison of incomplete root fractures associated with three obturation techniques.  J Endodon 1994;20:32-37

Papa J, Cain C, Messer HH.Moisture content of vital vs endodontically treated teeth.  Endod Dent Traumatol 1994;10:91-93

Saw LH, Messer HH.  Root strains associated with different obturation techniques.  J Endodon 1995;21:314-320

Lustig JP, Tamse A, Fuss Z.  Pattern of bone resorption in vertically fractured teeth.  Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 2000;90:224-227

Davis R, Overton JD.  Efficacy of bonded and anonbonded amalgam treatment of teeth with incomplete fractures.  J Am Dent Assoc 2000;131:469

Brynjulfsen A, Fristad I, Grevstad T, Hals-Kvinnsland I.  Incompletely fractured teeth associated with diffuse longstanding orofacial pain: diagnosis and treatment outcomes.  Int Endod J 2002;35:461

Lertchirakarn V, Palamara JEA, Messer HH.  Patterns of vertical root fracture: Factors affecting stress distribution in the root canal.  J Endod 2003;29:523-528

Lertchirakarn V, Palamara JEA, Messer HH.  Finite element analysis and strain-gauge studies of vertical roo fracture.  J Endod 2003;29:529-534

Wright HM, Loushine RJ, Weller RN, Kimbrough WF, Waller J, Pashley DH.  Identification of resected root-end dentinal cracks: a comparative study of transillumination and dyes.  J Endod 2004:30:712-715

Sathorn C, Palamara JEA, Messer HH.  A comparison of the effects of two canal preparation techniques on root fracture susceptibility and fracture pattern.  J Endodo 2005;31:283

Sathorn C, Palamara JEA, Palamara D, Messer HH.  Effect of root canal size on fracture susceptibility and pattern: a finite element analysis.  J Endod 2005;31:288

Cohen S, Berman LH, Blanco L, Bakland, Kim JS.  A demographic analysis of vertical root fractures.  J Endod 2006;32:1160-1163

Tamse A, Kaffe, Lustig, Ganor Y, Fuss Z.  Radiographic features of vertically fractured endodontically treated mesial roots of mandibular molars.  Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol  2006;101:797-802

Roh BD, Lee YE.  Analysis of 154 cases of teeth with cracks.  Denta Trauma 2006;22:118-123

Optional

Steele A, Johnson BR.  In vitro fracture strength of endodontically treatedpremolars.  J Endodon 1999;25:6-8

Davis R, Overton JD.  Efficacy of bonded and nonbonded amalgam in the treatment of teeth with incomplete fractures. J Amer Deant Assoc.  2000;131:469-478

Nicopoulou-Karayianni K, Bragger U, Lang NP  Patterns of periodontal destruction associated with incomplete root fractures.  Dentomax Radiol1997;26:321-326     

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Rasmussen ST, Patchin RE, Scott DB, Heuer AH.  Fracture properties of human enamel and dentin.  J Dent Res 1976;55:154-164.

Cameron CE. The cracked tooth: Additional findings. JADA 1976;93:971.

Silvestri AR. The undiagnosed split-root syndrome. J Am Dent Ass 1976;92:930.

Polson AM. Periodontal destruction associated with vertical root fracture. JPeriodontol 1977;49(1):27 - 32.

Lommel TJ, Meister FJ, Gerstein H, Davies EE, Tilk MA. Alveolar bone loss associated with vertical root fractures. Oral Surg 1978;45(6):909-919.

Silvestri AR Jr. Treatment rationale of fractured posterior teeth. JADA1978;97:806.

Ross IF. Fracture susceptibility of endodontically treated teeth. JEndodon 1980;6(5):560 - 565.

Meister F Jr., Lommel TJ, Gerstein H, Bell WA. An additional clinical observation in two cases of vertical root fracture. Oral Surg 1981;52(1):91-96.

Lin LM, Langeland K. Vertical root fracture. J  Endodon 1982;8(12):558 - 562.

Abou-Rass M. Crack lines: The precursors of tooth fractures - their diagnosis and treatment. Quint Int 1983;4:437.

Luebke RG. Vertical crown-root fractures in posterior teeth. Dent Clin N Am 1984;28:883.

Oliet S. Treating vertical root fractures. J Endodon 1984;10(8):391 - 396.

Stewart GG. The detection and treatment of vertical root fractures. J Endodon 1988;14(1):47 - 53.

Barkhordar RA, Kempler D, Knapp J.  Mesiodistal root fracture.  Oral Surg1988;65:343-348. 

Schweitzer JL, Gutmann JL, Bliss RQ. Odontiatrogenic tooth fracture. Int Endod J 1989;2(March):64 - 74.

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Howe CA, Mckendry DJ. Effect of endodontic access preparation onresistance to crown-root fracture. JADA 1990;121:712.

Murgel CAF, Walton RE.  Vertical root fracture and dentin deformation in curved roots: the influence of spreader design.  Endod Dent Traumatol 1990; 6:273-278.

Obermayr G, Walton RE, Leary JM, Krell KV.  Vertical root fracture and relative deformation during obturation and post cementation.  J Prosthet Dent 1991;66:181-187.

Yang SF, Rivera EM, Walton RE. Vertical root fracture in nonendodontically treated teeth. J Endodon 1995;21:337-339

Ricks-Williamson LJ, Fotos PG, Goel VK, Spivey JD, Rivera EM, Khera SC. A      three-dimensional finite-stress analysis of an endodontically prepared maxillary central incisor. J Endodon 1995;362-367

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Dang DA, Walton RE. Vertical root fracture and root distortion: effect of spreader design. J  Endodon 1989;14(7):294 - 301.

Brynjulfsen A, Fristad I, Grevstad T, Hals-Kvinnsland I.  Incompletely fractured teeth associated with diffuse longstanding orofacial pain:diagnosis and treatment outcome.  Int Endod J 2002;35:461-466

Altshul JH, Marshall G Morgan LA, Baumgartner JC.  Comparison of dentinal crack incidence and of post removal time resulting form post removal by ultrasonic or mechanical force.  J Endodon 1997;23: 683-686

Tamse A, Fuss Z, Lustig J, Kaplavi J.  An evaluation of endodontically treated vertically fractured teeth.  J Endodon 1999;25:506-508

Holcomb JQ, Pitts DL, Nicholls JI. Further investigation of spreader loads required to cause vertical root fracture during lateral condensation. J Endodon 1987;13(6):277 - 284.

Brannstrom M.  The hydrodynamic theory of dentinal pain: Sensation in preparations, caries, and the dentinal crack syndrome.  J Endod 1986;12:453-457

Pitts DL, Natkin E. Diagnosis and treatment of vertical root fractures. JEndodon 1983;9(8):338 - 346.

Selden HS. Repair of incomplete vertical root fractures in endodontically treated teeth - In vivo trials. J Endodon 1996;22:426-429

Arakawa S, Cobb CM, Rapley JW, Killoy WJ, Spencer P. Treatment of root fracture by CO2 and Nd:YAG lasers: An in vitro study. J Endodon 1996;22:662-    667

Lindauer PA, Campbell AD, Hicks ML, Pelleu GB. Vertical root fractures in curved roots under simulated clinical conditions. J Endodon 1989;15(8):345 - 349.