Saline Pools - The Salt & CO2 Story
Why Salt-Water?The primary factor in their popularity is their limited use of chlorine. Unlike traditional pools, which require chlorine to be poured into the water manually or released from a tablet, a saltwater pool has a generator that uses electrolysis to release chlorine gas from salt in the water. Salt is added to the pool water to achieve a saturation of approximately 3,200 parts per million. Swimming in a mild saline solution is much like taking a shower in soft water. Generally, when people swim in a non-chlorine generator pool (a pool with no salt water in it) they feel like their skin dries quicker upon exiting the pool. They may feel and/or see white residue or chlorine flaking on the skin. In a salt-water pool (one with a chlorine generator) the water feels smooth, your skin feels smooth and many people feel more refreshed.
Here is a comparison of salt levels
Fresh water has 1,000 ppm salt
Saline pool has 3,000 ppm salt
A tear drop has 9,000 ppm salt
Ocean water has 35,000 ppm salt
How Does a Saline Pool Work?
March wellness & fitness center uses the TMI Salt Pure® systems in all three pools. This system provides a self-contained, compact Sanitizing System, which fulfills all of a pool's sanitizing needs. This system works by producing chlorine from a small amount of salt that is added to the pool water. This process is known as "Electrolytic Generation". As salt in the water passes through a Salt Pure® cell, it converts to Sodium Hypochlorite. When any type of chlorine is added to water it ALL makes the same thing: Hypochlorous acid. It does not matter if it is Sodium Hypochlorite (liquid chlorine), Tri-chlor and Di-chlor or Lithium based, Cal-hypo or even gas chlorine--it all makes Hypochlorous acid. Hypochlorous acid is the active sanitizer which continuously shocks out chloramines and organics while maintaining the desired sanitizer level. The important distinction is that saltwater pools lack chloramines, referred to as Combined Chlorine. Chloramines are the irritants that give traditional pools the stigma of burning eyes and caustic smell. This is called a closed loop system because the salinity in the pool water is used over and over again.
The numbers below correspond to "The Chemical Reaction at cell Diagram"
- Sodium Chloride (Salt) added to pool water.
- Anode of cell makes Hypochlorous Acid and Hydrochloric Acid.
- Cathode of cell makes Sodium Hydroxide and Hydrogen Gas (The Hydrogen Gas bubbles through the pool water into the atmosphere).
- Hypochlorous Acid from the anode combines with the Sodium Hydroxide from the cathode to make Sodium Hypochlorite or Liquid Chlorine when mixed with the pool water going through the cell.
- Hydrochloric Acid from the anode combines with the Sodium Hydroxide from the cathode to make Sodium Chloride (salt) which is re-used by the cell.
- Liquid Chlorine at a pH of 7.4 goes half to Hypochlorous Acid and half to Sodium Hydroxide
- Hypochlorous Acid combines with soil, bacteria, algae, organics and UV's to convert to Hydrochloric Acid.
- Hydrochloric Acid combines with Sodium Hydroxide forming Sodium Chloride (salt) again which is re-used by the cell.
CO2 is the safest, most reliable alternative to using muriatic acid to balance the pH level of pool water. Maintaining the desired pH level of your water is critical to ensure swimmers' comfort and safety. CO2 replaces acid and is regulated by an automatic control system.