Safety & Health Improvement Program
The Safety & Health Improvement Program (SHIP) was designed to increase supervisor
and peer support and decrease job strain, which play a key role in safety compliance and improved physical and mental health. SHIP integrates a focus on both health protection and health promotion by addressing psycho-social factors that are shown to be related to safety1, well-being2, and organizational productivity3.
The SHIP intervention study was a NIOSH-funded randomized controlled trial focusing
on supervisors and their teams. SHIP aimed to increase employee support from supervisors, improve team communication, enhance team effectiveness, and reduce stress and work-family conflict.
The SHIP intervention was composed of:
Consulting's Team Effectiveness Process
The SHIP intervention was tested in the construction industry and with a sample of 528 employees, we found that the intervention was effective at reducing worker blood pressure4. Learn more about the impact of SHIP.
1Zohar, D., & Luria, G. (2003). The use of supervisory practices as leverage to improve safety behavior: A cross-level intervention model. Journal of Safety Research, 34, 567-577. DOI: 10.1016/j.jsr.2003.05.00642Hammer, L. B., Kossek, E. E., Anger, W. K., Bodner, T., & Zimmerman, K. L. (2011). Clarifying work–family intervention processes: The roles of work–family conflict and family-supportive supervisor behaviors. Journal of Applied Psychology, 96, 134-150. DOI: 10.1037/a0020927
3Clifton, T. J., & Shepard, E. (2004). Work and family programs and productivity: Estimates applying a production function model. International Journal of Manpower, 25, 714-728. DOI: 10.1108/014377204105700368
4Hammer, L., Truxillo, D., Bodner, T., Rineer, J., Pytlovany, A., & Richman, A. (2015). Effects of a workplace intervention targeting psychosocial risk factors on safety and health outcomes: Psychosocial factors and workers health and safety [Special issue]. BioMed Research International, 1-12, DOI: 10.1155/2015/836967
5Hammer, L., Truxillo, D., Bodner, T., Pytlovany, A., Richman, A. & Rineer, J. (in preparation). LMX and Work-Family Intervention Effects.
Hammer, L. B., Truxillo, D. M., Bodner, T., Pytlovany, A., & Richman A. (in press). Exploration of the impact of organizational context on a workplace safety and health intervention. Work and Stress.
Yaldiz, L. M., Truxillo, D. M., Bodner, T., & Hammer, L. B. (2018). Do resources matter for employee stress? It depends on how old you are. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 107, 182-194.
Rineer, J. R., Truxillo, D. M., Bodner, T. E., Hammer, L. B., & Krainer, M. A. (2017). The moderating effect of perceived organizational support on the relationships between organizational justice and objective measures of cardiovascular health. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 26, 399-410.
Zaniboni, S., Truxillo, D. M., Rineer, J. R., Bodner, T. E., Hammer, L. B., & Krainer, M. (2016). Relating age, decision authority, job satisfaction, and mental health: A study of construction workers. Work, Aging and Retirement, 2, 428-435.
Hammer, L., Truxillo, D., Bodner, T., Rineer, J., Pytlovany, A., & Richman, A. (2015). Effects of a workplace intervention targeting psychosocial risk factors on safety and health outcomes: Psychosocial factors and workers health and safety. Biomed Research International special issue on Psychosocial Factors and Workers Health and Safety.
Bodner, T., Kraner, M., Bradford, B., Hammer, L., & Truxillo, D. (2014). Safety, health, and well-being of municipal utility and construction workers. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 56, 771-778.