Eye first aid

To lessen the risk of permanent damage caused by eye injuries, it is important to treat eye injuries immediately. Consult your ophthalmologist (eye doctor) as soon as possible.

First aid for cuts in or around the eye

  • Bandage the eye gently
  • Do not rub the eye or apply pressure
  • Do not try to remove any particles
  • Do not wash out the eye

First aid when foreign particles enter the eye

  • Pull the upper lid down onto lower lid and let lower eyelashes sweep away the particle by blinking repeatedly
  • Let tears wash out the speck or particle, or use an eye wash
  • Close your eye and seek medical attention immediately if the above procedure does not work
  • Do not rub the eye

First aid for chemical splashes

  • Use fingers to separate lids, then flush the eye with water from a faucet or clean container
  • Seek medical attention immediately
  • Do not cover the eye 

First aid for physical trauma to the eye:

  • Gently apply small cold compresses without pressure immediately to reduce pain and swelling
  • Contact your ophthalmologist or primary care physician immediately