The vagina, or birth canal, is a 3- to 4-inch long tube that begins at the lowest part of the uterus (cervix) and opens to the vulva (external genitalia). The vast majority of vaginal cancers develop in the epithelial lining of the vagina near the cervix and develop into squamous cell carcinomas.
Physicians conduct a pelvic exam and biopsy (collect and examine cells) suspicious tissue to diagnose vaginal cancer. Other tests may include magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT) scan and ultrasound.
We use surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination of these modalities may be used to treat vaginal cancer at OHSU Knight Cancer Institute.