Tooth Morphology 2009

Objectives and Goals

  • be familiar with the various canal configurations of each permanent tooth type.
  • be familiar with the relationship of external morphology and internal morphology.
  • be more aware of "abnormal" morphologic situations.
  • develop a rationale for treatment planning (retreatment, surgery, etc.)

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Sidow S, West L, Liewehr R, Loushine R.  Root canal morphology of human maxillary and mandibular third molars. J Endodon 2000;25(11):675-678.

Tsesis I, Shifman A, Kaufman A.  Taurodontism: an endodontic challenge. Report of a case.  J Endodon 2003;29(5):353-355

Teixeira FB, Sano CL, Gomes B, Zaia A, Ferraz C, Souza-Filho F.  A preliminary  in vitro study of the incidence and position of the root canal isthmus in maxillary and mandibular first molars.  Int Endol J 2003;36:276-280

Baugh D, Wallace J.  Middle mesial canal of the mandibular first molar: A case report and literature review.  JEndodon 2004;30(3):185-186

Steffen H, Splieth C.  Conventional treatment of dens invaginatus in maxillary lateral incisor with sinus tract: One year follow-up. J Endodon  2005;(2):130-133

Levitan M, Himel V.  Dens evaginatus: Literature review, pathophysiology, and comprehensive treatment regimen.  JEndodon 2006;32(1):1-9

Cleghorn B, Christie W, Dong C.  Root and root canal morphology of the human permanent maxillary first molar: A literature review.  JEndodon 2006;32(9):813-821

Calberson F, De Moor R, Derrose C.  The radix entomolaris and paramolaris: Clinical approach in endodontics.  JEndodon 2007;33(1):58-63

Cleghorn B, Christie W, Dong C.  The root and root canal morphology of the human mandibular first premolar: A literature review.  JEndodon 2007;33(5):509-516

Cleghorn B, Christie W, Dong C.  The root and root canal morphology of the human mandibular second premolar: A literature review.  JEndodon 2007;33(9):1031-1037

Jafgarzadeb H, Wu YN.  The C-shaped root canal configuration: A review.  JEndodon 2007;35(5):517-523

Peiris H, Pitakotuwage T, Takahashi M, Sasaki K, Kanazawa E.  Root canal morphology of mandibular permanent molars at different ages.  Int Endo J 2008;41:828-835

Ingle's Endodontics. 6th edition 2008:877-915


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