Endodontic Materials

Objectives and Goals

  • To understand the rationale for the various uses of calcium hydroxide based on its physicochemical properties.
  • To know how the physical makeup of MTA affects its handling characteristics.
  • By understanding the properties of nickel-titanium to make better use of the instruments fabricated from the alloy.
  • Know how to employ bonded resin based obturation materials through an understanding of their strengths and limitations. 

Ingle’s Endodontics, 6th Edition pp. 800-810.

Foreman PC, Barnes IE. A review of calcium hydroxide. Int Endod J 1990;23:283-297.

Fava LRG, Saunders WP. Calcium hydroxide pastes: classification and clinical indications. Int Endod J 1999;32:257-282.

Siqueira JF, Lopes HP. Mechanisms of antimicrobial activity of calcium hydroxide: a critical review. Int Endod J 1999;32:361-369.

Basrani B, Ghanem A, Tjaderhane L. Physical and chemical properties of chlorhexidine and calcium hydroxide-containing medications. J Endod 2004;30(6):413-417.

Graham L, Cooper PR, Cassidy N, Nor JE, Sloan AJ, Smith AJ. The effect of calcium hydroxide on solubilisation of bio-active dentine matrix components. Biomaterials 2006;27:2865-2873.

Torabinejad M, Hong CU, McDonald F, Pitt Ford TR. Physical and chemical properties of a new root-end filling material. J Endod 1995;27(7):349-353.

Fridland M, Rosada R. Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) solubility and porosity with different water-powder ratios. J Endod 2003;29(12):814-817.

Sarkar NK, Caicedo R, Ritwik P, Moiseyeva R, Kawashima I. Physicochemical basis of the biologic properties of mineral trioxide aggregate. J Endod 2005;31(2):97-100.

Islam I, Chng HK, Yap AU. Comparison of the physical and mechanical properties of MTA and Portland cement. J Endod 2006;32(3):193-197 

Ber BS, Hatton JF, Stewart GP. Chemical modification of ProRoot MTA to improve handling characteristics and decrease setting time. J Endod 2007;33(10):1231-1234.

Huang T-H, Shie M-Y, Kao C-T, Ding S-J. The effect of setting acceleration on properties of mineral trioxide aggregate. J Endod 2008;34(5):590-593.

Kuhn G, Jordan L. Fatigue and mechanical properties of nickel-titanium Endodtic instruments. J Endod 2002;28(10):716-720.

Ounsi HF, Salameh Z, Al-Shalan T, Ferrari M, Grandini S, Pashley DH, Tay FR. Effect of clinical use on the cyclic fatigue resistance of ProTaper nickel-titanium rotary instruments. J Endod 2007;33(6):737-741.

Cheung GSP, Shen Y, Darvell BW. Does electropolishing improve the low-cycle fatigue behavior of a nickel-titanium rotary instrument in hypochlorite? J Endod 2007;33(10):1217-1221.

Barbosa FOG, Gomes JACP, de Araujo MCP. Fractographic analysis of K3 nickel-titanium rotary instruments submitted to different modes of mechanical loading. J Endod 2008;34(8):994-998.

Shipper G, Orstavik D, Teixeira FB, Trope M. An evaluation of microbial leakage in roots filled with a thermoplastic synthetic polymer-based root canal filling material (Resilon).J Endod 2004;30(5):342-347.

Tay FR, Pashley DH, Yin CKY, You JYY, Yiu-fai M, Loushine RJ, Weller RN, Kimbrough WF, King NM. Susceptibility of a polycaprolactone-based root canal filling material to degradation. II. Gravimetric evaluation of enzymatic hydrolysis. J Endod 2005;31(10):737-741.

Williams C, Loushine RJ, Weller RN, Pashley DH, Tay FR. A comparison of cohesive strength and stiffness of Resilon and gutta-percha. J Endod 2006;32(6):553-555.

Grande NM, Plotino G, Lavorgna L, Ioppolo P, Bedini R, Pameijer C, Somma F. Influence of different root canal-filling materials on the mechanical properties of root canal dentin. J Endod 2007;33(7):859-863.

De-Deus G, Namen F, Galan J. Reduced long-term sealing ability of adhesive root filings after water-storage stress. J Endod 2008;34(3):322-325.