Photo of Christina J. Flaxel, M.D.

Christina J. Flaxel M.D.

  • (503) 494-7891
    • Professor of Ophthalmology School of Medicine
    • Bula Buck Arveson and Charles C. Arveson Professor of Macular Degeneration Research
    • Casey Eye Institute School of Medicine
    • Ophthalmology School of Medicine


  • M.D., Oregon Health and Science University, Portland Oregon 1988
  • Residency:

    • Ophthalmology, Oregon Health & Science University, 1993
  • Fellowship:

    • Retina, West Virginia University
  • Certifications:

    • American Board of Ophthalmology


  • "Fluocinolone acetonide intravitreal implant for the treatment of diabetic macular edema" Drug Design, Development and Therapy May 23 2013
  • "Phacoemulsification combined with silicone oil removal through posterior capsulorhexis [12]" British Journal of Ophthalmology  2000
  • "Peripheral vascular leakage in uveitis" Ophthalmology June 1 2015
  • "Management of fluocinolone implant dissociation during implant exchange" JAMA Ophthalmology September 2009
  • "Posterior uveal cleft and hypotony complicating insertion of a fluocinolone acetonide implant" Retinal Cases and Brief Reports March 2010
  • "Use of radiation in the treatment of age-related macular degeneration" Ophthalmology Clinics of North America December 2002
  • "Collaborative retrospective macula society study of photodynamic therapy for chronic central serous chorioretinopathy" Ophthalmology  2014
  • "Polymerase chain reaction-based ganciclovir resistance testing of ocular fluids for cytomegalovirus retinitis" JAMA Ophthalmology January 2012
  • "Retinal pigment epithelium produces matrix metalloproteinases after laser treatment" Retina June 2007
  • "Factors associated with visual acuity outcomes after vitrectomy for diabetic macular edema" Retina October 2010
  • "Comparison of time-domain OCT and fundus photographic assessments of retinal thickening in eyes with diabetic macular edema" Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science April 2008
  • "Outcome of diabetic vitrectomy in Latino population" Retina November 2007
  • "An uncommon presentation of the ocular ischaemia syndrome [7]" Eye (Basingstoke)  1998
  • "Treatment to fellow eyes of unilateral retinal pigment epithelial tears with prophylactic laser" Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science February 15 1996
  • "Acquired drusenoid deposits on infrared imaging as a sign of vitreoretinal lymphoma" Ocular Immunology and Inflammation  2014
  • "Effect of a novel octapeptide urokinase fragment, A°6, on experimental choroidal neovascularization in the monkey" Retina February 2006
  • "Cytomegalovirus retinitis in the absence of AIDS" Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology  2013
  • "New drugs in ophthalmology" Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology  1991
  • "Relationship Between Foveal Threshold and Visual Acuity Using the Humphrey Visual Field Analyzer" American Journal of Ophthalmology May 2007
  • "Difference between RP2 and RP3 phenotypes in X linked retinitis pigmentosa" British Journal of Ophthalmology  1999
  • "The use of systemic steroids and photodynamic treatment for choroidal neovascularisation in young patients" British Journal of Ophthalmology May 2007
  • "Prophylactic laser treatment to fellow eyes of unilateral retinal pigment epithelial tears" American Journal of Ophthalmology July 1998
  • "Quantitative optical coherence tomography angiography of choroidal neovascularization in age-related macular degeneration" Ophthalmology  2014
  • "Vitreoretinal surgery in uveitis" International Ophthalmology Clinics April 9 2015
  • "The use of corticosteroids for choroidal neovascularisation in young patients" Eye (Basingstoke) April 1998
  • "Long-term follow-up of patients treated with multiple fluocinolone acetonide implants for noninfectious uveitis" Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection December 2012
  • "Combination systemic and intravitreal antiviral therapy in the management of acute retinal necrosis syndrome" Transactions of the American Ophthalmological Society  2013
  • "Primary Treatment of Acute Retinal Necrosis with Oral Antiviral Therapy" Ophthalmology December 2006
  • "Factors influencing the visual acuity of chronic central serous chorioretinopathy." Korean journal of ophthalmology : KJO April 2011
  • "Diagnostic and therapeutic challenges" Retina October 2006

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