Richard Goodman, M.D., Ph.D.
Richard Goodman is director of the Vollum Institute. He also holds appointments as professor of Cell and Developmental Biology and Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. After receiving his B.S. degree in Chemistry at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, he entered the Medical Scientist Training Program at the University of Pennsylvania. He received his M.D. and Ph.D. degrees in 1976. Goodman trained in clinical medicine at Tufts-New England Medical Center from 1976 to 1978 and was an endocrinology fellow at New England Medical Center and Massachusetts General Hospital. He was appointed as an assistant professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School in 1982 and returned to Tufts-New England Medical Center in 1983, where he rose to the rank of professor of Medicine and chief of the Division of Molecular Medicine. He has been at the Vollum since 1990.
Goodman's contributions include the characterization of the cAMP regulated enhancer (CRE), identification of the CREB coactivator, CBP, and one of the first genome-wide analyses of transcription factor binding sites in metazoan cells. His current interests focus on the functions of CREB-induced microRNAs and development of approaches to monitor transcription and translation in intact systems. Goodman is a member of the National Academy of Sciences, the Institute of Medicine, and served on the scientific review board of the Howard Hughes Medical Institute. He has trained 14 graduate students and 29 fellows, many of whom have gone on to have successful careers as independent investigators. His first student was recently elected into the National Academy of Sciences.
Summary of Current Research
The major focus of the Goodman lab is to determine how extracellular and intracellular signals are integrated to control the onset and level of gene expression. The cAMP-regulated enhancer (CRE), initially identified in the Goodman lab, is now recognized to be a critical control element in many genes expressed in the nervous system and other tissues. The presence of this element in multiple gene promoters provides a mechanism that may allow the coordinate regulation of various patterns of gene expression. Transcriptional signals mediated by the CRE depend upon the transcription factor CREB, which is activated through a variety of signaling pathways including cAMP, calcium, and growth factors. Phosphorylation of a single site in the CREB activation domain leads to the recruitment of the CREB binding protein, CBP, which was also identified in the Goodman lab. CBP was the first example in metazoans of a transcriptional coactivator and has been shown to participate in virtually all positively-regulated transcriptional pathways. Not surprisingly, perturbation of CBP function has profound effects on cell growth, differentiation, and development. A few years ago, the lab developed an approach called Serial Analysis of Chromatin Occupancy (SACO) to identify transcription factor binding sites in vivo. This method showed that, in addition to protein-coding genes, CREB regulates many genes that do not encode proteins. Among this group are microRNAs that have important roles in controlling gene expression at the post-transcriptional level. The lab provided the first evidence for microRNAs modulating synaptic plasticity and is developing novel methods to identify microRNA targets in the brain, heart, and other tissues. Other efforts in the lab are directed toward developing approaches to monitor gene expression profiles within individual cell types in intact animals.
Cambronne XA, Shen R, Auer PL, and Goodman RH. (2012) RISCtrap: a robust approach for identifying microRNA targets. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 109:20473-20478.
Magill ST, Cambronne XA, Luikart BW, Lioy DT, Leighton BH, Westbrook GL, Mandel G, and Goodman RH. (2010) MicroRNA-132 regulates dendritic growth and arborization of newborn neurons in the adult hippocampus. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 107:20382-20387.
Klein ME, Lioy DT, Ma L, Impey S, Mandel G, and Goodman RH. (2007) Homeostatic regulation of MeCP2 expression by a CREB-induced microRNA. Nature Neurosci. 10:1513-1514.
Vo N, Klein ME, Varlamova O, Keller DM, Yamamoto T, Goodman RH, and Impey S. (2005) A cAMP-response element binding protein-induced microRNA regulates neuronal morphogenesis. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 102:16426-16431.
Impey S, McCorkle SR, Cha-Molstad H, Dwyer JM, Yochum GS, Boss JM, McWeeney S, Dunn JJ, Mandel G, and Goodman RH. (2004) Defining the CREB regulon: a genome-wide analysis of transcription factor regulatory regions. Cell 119:1041-1054.