Who oversees the animal care program?
The care and treatment of animals is subject to policies of OSHU/ONPRC and its Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC). Composed of researchers, veterinarians, and lay members, this committee must review and approve any investigative procedure involving animals and assure that proper anesthesia and analgesics are used in cases that may cause pain. The committee also ensures that the research being performed is not duplicative, and that it utilizes the fewest possible number of animals. In addition, the committee conducts twice-a-year evaluations of laboratory animal care and use programs and inspects animal facilities, as required by Public Health Service Policy and the Animal Welfare Act. Its lay members are an animal technician and a person representing the public-at-large who is not associated with the institution.
OHSU/ONPRC adheres to policies of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). Its Office for Laboratory Animal Welfare supervises institutions and researchers receiving NIH grant support. It establishes policies (Policy on Humane Care and Use of Laboratory Animals) and receives a letter of assurance about animal care from an officer of OHSU/ONPRC.
OHSU/ONPRC is regulated by the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). This office implements the Animal Welfare Act of 1966 (as amended in 1970, 1976, and 1985), and conducts unannounced inspections, normally twice each year.
On November 14, 2001, the USDA conducted a routine, unannounced inspection of animal facilities at OHSU/ONPRC. Inspectors reported no non-compliances.
OHSU/ONPRC has been fully accredited by the Association for the Accreditation and Assessment of Laboratory Animal Care (AAALAC) for 26 consecutive years. AAALAC, a private nonprofit organization promoting the responsible treatment of animals in science through voluntary accreditation and assessment programs, conducts site inspections every three years, judging programs in terms of results in animal health and well-being. When AAALAC granted OHSU/ONPRC a full, 3-year accreditation in 2001, it commended the Center "for providing and maintaining an excellent program of laboratory animal use and care."