Who oversees the animal care program?
The care and treatment of animals is subject to policies of the Oregon National Primate Research Center and its Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC). Composed of researchers, veterinarians, and lay members, the IACUC must review and approve any investigative procedure involving animals and assure that proper anesthesia and analgesics are used in cases that may potentially cause pain. The committee also ensures that the research being performed is not duplicative, and that it utilizes the fewest possible number of animals. In addition, the committee conducts twice-a-year evaluations of laboratory animal care and use programs and inspects animal facilities, as required by Public Health Service Policy and the Animal Welfare Act.
The Oregon National Primate Research Center adheres to all National Institutes of Health (NIH) policies regarding animal care and use. The Office for Laboratory Animal Welfare (OLAW) supervises institutions and researchers receiving NIH grant support. OLAW has established the Policy on Humane Care and Use of Laboratory Animals for all public funded research, and the Center fully complies with this Policy by the provision of an Animal Welfare Assurance document which is provided to OLAW every three years. This document fully describes the Center's animal care and use program.
The Oregon National Primate Research Center is regulated by the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). This office implements the Animal Welfare Act, and conducts unannounced inspections, normally twice each year. The USDA also conducts routine, unannounced inspections of animal facilities at the Center to ensure compliance.
The Oregon National Primate Research Center has been fully accredited by the Association for the Accreditation and Assessment of Laboratory Animal Care (AAALAC) International since 1974. A private nonprofit organization promoting the responsible treatment of animals in science through voluntary accreditation and assessment programs, AAALAC conducts thorough site inspections every three years, judging programs in terms of results in animal health and well-being. When AAALAC granted the Oregon National Primate Research Center a full, 3-year accreditation in 2013, it commended the Center "…for providing and maintaining an excellent program of laboratory animal use and care."