The Health Disparities Project has three major components:
- Review and synthesis of existing research on health outcomes and utilization of health care among subgroups of individuals with disabilities.
- Secondary data analyses using the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey to identify individual, systems, and environmental level factors that relate to health care access and health status among subgroups of persons with disabilities.
- Translation of research findings to impact future research as well as program and policy development.
Through a subaward from the University of New Hampshire, OHSU has worked with Dr. Jana Peterson-Besse to conduct two systematic scoping reviews of published literature. The first review focused on disparities in receipt of preventive healthcare services within the disability population. The second review examined disparities in health outcomes among people with disabilities. The purpose of these reviews was to determine what research has been conducted so far on disparities between subgroups of people with disabilities, and identify where there are gaps in existing research. See publications and presentations about our findings.
OHSU also analyzed Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS) data to examine health and health care disparities in the disability population. We studied disparities related to:
- Disability severity
- Disability type
- Health insurance status and type
- Race and ethnicity
- Urban vs. rural residence
We looked for disparities in access to and receipt of healthcare, and in health status and chronic conditions. See publications and presentations about our findings.