OHSU Health Information Library
Amniocentesis is a procedure used to obtain a small sample of the amniotic fluid that surrounds the fetus during pregnancy.
Detailed information on breast biopsy, including the reasons and preparation for the procedure, how the procedure is performed, and after care.
Detailed information on breast scan, including the reasons and preparation for the procedure, how the procedure is performed, after care, and anatomical illustrations of the female breast
Detailed information on breast ultrasonography, including the reasons and preparation for the procedure, how the procedure is performed, and after care.
Breast-conserving surgery is also called a lumpectomy. It may be used as part of a treatment plan for breast cancer. During the surgery, the cancerous lump and a portion of breast tissue is removed, but the breast itself remains intact..
Detailed information on cervical biopsy, including the reasons and preparation for the procedure, how the procedure is performed, after care, an anatomical illustration of the female pelvic organs, and an illustration of a cervical biopsy procedure.
Cesarean delivery (also called a cesarean section or C-section) is the surgical delivery of a baby by an incision through the mother's abdomen and uterus.
The chorionic villi are tiny projections of placental tissue that look like fingers and contain the same genetic material as the fetus. Testing may be available for other genetic defects and disorders depending on the family history and availability of lab testing at the time of the procedure.
A dilation and curettage is a surgical procedure in which the cervix is dilated so that the cervical canal and uterine lining can be scraped with a curette to remove abnormal tissues.
An endometrial biopsy is used to obtain a small tissue sample from the lining of the uterus. The tissue is examined under a microscope to identify the presence of abnormal cells.
Fetal heart rate monitoring is a procedure used to evaluate the well-being of the fetus by assessing the rate and rhythm of the fetal heartbeat. The fetal heart rate may change as the fetus responds to conditions in the uterus. An abnormal fetal heart rate or pattern may indicate that the fetus is not getting enough oxygen.
Detailed information on fetal ultrasound, including the reasons and preparation for the procedure, how the procedure is performed, after care, and anatomical illustrations of the female pelvis and equipment.
Detailed information on hysterectomy, including the reasons and preparation for the procedure, how the procedure is performed, after care, and an anatomical illustration of the female pelvic organs.
Hysteroscopy is a procedure that allows your doctor to see inside your uterus. This procedure can help find the causes of problems in the uterus.
Detailed information on loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP), including the reasons and preparation for the procedure, how the procedure is performed, after care, an anatomical illustration of the female pelvic organs, and an illustration of a LEEP procedure .
Detailed information on mammogram, including the reasons and preparation for the procedure, how the procedure is performed, and after care.
Detailed information on mastectomy, including the reasons and preparation for the procedure, how the procedure is performed, after care, anatomical illustrations of the female breast, and illustrations of mastectomy procedures.
Detailed information on PAP test, including the reasons and preparation for the procedure, how the procedure is performed, and after care.
A pelvic ultrasound allows a doctor to quickly see the female pelvic organs and structures, including the uterus, cervix, vagina, fallopian tubes, and ovaries.
Podcast: A Mammogram Is Still Important (podcast)
Over the last decade, more Americans have been dismissing cancer screenings, including mammograms. Why? Experts suspect this drop may partly be because of the confusion surrounding screening guidelines.
A simple glass of milk can do a lot for your health. Thanks to the "Got Milk" campaign, many women know that it packs a healthy punch of calcium and vitamin D – two nutrients critical for strong bones.
Many women drink alcohol – whether it’s to celebrate a special event or maybe to relax with friends. An occasional drink usually isn’t a concern. Moderate amounts of alcohol may even protect against coronary heart disease.
Breast cancer doesn’t discriminate. Women of all ages, races, and ethnicities – men, too – can develop it. For some women, though – in particular, African-Americans – breast cancer can be more deadly. Many factors play a role in this disparity.
Women today have more birth control options than ever before. The condom, the pill, the patch—to name just a few. In fact, more than three-quarters of sexually active women in the U.S. have tried at least three different methods of contraception.
Women who give birth to large infants may be 2.5 times more likely to develop breast cancer than women who give birth to the smallest babies.
Women who go through menopause before age 46 may double their risk for heart disease and stroke, new research says.
A healthy vagina depends on the right balance of microorganisms – but new research has found that this balance differs from woman to woman. This may help tailor treatment for vaginal infections.
Women who use birth control products that contain a combination of estrogen and progestin may double their risk for heart attack and stroke.
Finding out you are pregnant may prompt you to make some lifestyle changes, particularly in your diet. You may decide to eat more fruits and vegetables and less high-fat foods. Another change you may want to consider: cutting back on coffee.
For older women, the benefits of getting a mammogram every two years outweigh potential harms, researchers say.
A common-held belief is that weight gain during menopause is inevitable. New research suggests otherwise. A recent review of available data on this life change found that menopause doesn’t cause weight gain. But it may move fat to your middle.
Alcohol can be both a benefit and a danger to women, according to two recent studies. The key seems to be in knowing when it’s appropriate to drink and how much alcohol is considered safe.
Podcast: More Women Face Mental Illness (podcast)
You may pay more attention to your physical health than how you feel mentally. Like any physical ailment, though, conditions such as depression, anxiety, and substance abuse can tax your body.
Researchers are looking closer at a blood test that assesses a certain gene's DNA. The test may one day be able to predict who’s at risk for breast cancer years before it develops.
The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) says that older women should not take low doses of calcium and vitamin D supplements to help prevent fractures. The panel is still weighing what to recommend on higher supplement doses.
Girls who get radiation therapy to the chest to treat cancer are at higher risk for breast cancer by the time they turn 50, a new study says.
You're likely familiar with the changes your body goes through each menstrual cycle. Estrogen levels rise as your body prepares for ovulation. Then they fall before your period. This flux in hormones can trigger fatigue, breast tenderness, and other
Learning you have breast cancer can be overwhelming. Many women face hard decisions about their care. A new study indicates that having a strong social network may help women better cope with a breast cancer diagnosis.
An older woman who has radiation therapy after a lumpectomy may lower her need for a mastectomy later on, a new study says. Yet current guidelines recommend that older breast cancer patients not have radiation.
Working full time seems to boost both mental and physical health for women who are mothers, compared with women who stay at home or work part time.