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Although each procedure is different, knee replacement surgery usually takes about two hours. Your doctor will remove the damaged bone and cartilage and then put your new artificial knee in place.
The most common reason for knee replacement surgery is osteoarthritis, a degenerative joint disease that affects mostly middle-aged and older adults.
Learn More about total knee replacement
In a total hip replacement, your doctor will surgically replace a damaged hip with a new artificial joint. Hip replacement may be performed to replace a broken hip or one with severe arthritis.
Learn more about total hip replacement
In a minimally invasive hip or knee replacement, your doctor makes a smaller incision than in traditional joint replacement. This means less tissue damage, a shorter hospital stay and a faster recovery.
You may have this type of surgery if:
- Your joint is stable
- You don’t have severe bone loss
- You have not had open surgery on the joint
- Your weight is appropriate for your height
Learn more about minimally invasive hip and knee replacement
Hip replacements can be done through an incision on the front of the thigh. This procedure reduces damage to the tissue, shortens recovery time and may lower the risk of complications such as hip dislocation or infection after surgery.
Learn More About Anterior Position Hip Replacement
A surgical procedure that involves bone-cutting. The surgeon removes a wedge of bone located near the damaged joint. The goal of this procedure is to cause a shift of weight from the area where there is cartilage damage to an area where there is more normal or healthy cartilage.
Learn More About Osteotomy
Revision surgery, also called revision total knee or hip arthroplasty, is a procedure to remove an artificial joint and replace it with a new one.
Reasons to have a revision total knee or hip surgery include:
- Relieving pain in the affected joint
- Restoring your mobility
- Removing a loose or damaged prosthesis before it harms the joint
Revision surgery is usually done to relieve pain from an artificial joint. Generally, your doctor will consider revision total arthroplasty only when more conservative measures such as medication and lifestyle changes have not helped. In most cases, increasing pain in the affected knee or hip is one of the first signs that revision surgery is necessary.
Less common reasons for revision total arthroplasty include a fracture (broken bone), an infection or a dislocated artificial joint.
Learn More About Revision Total Arthroplasty
For additional content and downloadable information to make preparing for-and recovering from-your hip or knee surgery as safe and trouble-free as possible, please see our Total Joint Surgery Information page.