OHSU

Glossary of Terms

 

Hematologists

 

Doctors who treat blood diseases and conditions.

 

Medical Oncologists

 

Doctors who use drugs (chemotherapy or targeted agents) to kill cancer cells or slow down their growth. Some medical oncologists are also hematologists.

 

Minimally invasive

 

A procedure that does as little damage to the skin and other organs as possible. A minimally invasive surgery does not require a large incision. Some minimally invasive procedures can be done without surgery.

 

Multidisciplinary care

 

A team approach to medical treatment. Doctors, nurses and therapists from different specialties share their knowledge and expertise to benefit patients.

 

Musculoskeletal radiologists

 

Doctor who treat bones and tissue with radiation and other energy sources, such as ultrasound waves. Radiologists also interpret scans, including X-rays, CT scans and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans.

 

Nurse coordinator

 

A nurse who helps arranges patient care and treatment at a health center.

 

Orthopaedic oncologist

 

A doctor who specializes in treating benign and malignant bone tumors. Orthopaedic oncologists have one or two years of specialized training in bone cancer and tumors in addition to their orthopaedic training.

 

Orthopaedic Oncologists

 

A doctor who specializes in treating benign and malignant bone tumors. Orthopaedic oncologists have one or two years of specialized training in bone cancer and tumors in addition to their orthopaedic training.

 

Orthopaedic oncology

 

The treatment and study of bone cancer.

 

Orthopaedic surgeons

 

Doctors who specialize in treating the bones and joints, often with surgery. Also called orthopaedists.

 

Physical medicine & rehabilitation specialists

 

Doctors who treat patients with nerve and muscle, muscle and joint, or blood vessel conditions that cause pain or reduce the ability to do normal activities. Also called a physiatrist.

 

Physical Therapists

 

Healthcare providers who treat injuries or illness with exercise, activities and other techniques to help the body function better and decrease pain or discomfort.

 

Physician Assistants

 

Healthcare providers who treat patients under a doctor’s supervision.

 

Surgical Oncologists

 

Doctor who treat cancer with surgery.