Home and Yard

Your house and backyard are probably two of the safest places you know. While it’s always fun to play at home with friends and neighbors, it’s still very important to keep safety in mind.

The tips in this section will help keep you safe from fire and lightning dangers and take the sting out of everything from bug bites to dog bites.

Dog Bites

Dogs are great pets, but sometimes they can bite even the people they like the best.
Here are some tips to help keep you from getting bitten.

  • Make sure an adult is always with you when a dog is around.
  • Don’t play too rough with a dog.
  • Stay away from the mean dogs in your neighborhood.
  • Don’t go near a dog that’s eating or chewing on a bone.
  • Never stare at a dog.
  • Never go near a dog that you don’t know.
  • If an adult says it’s okay to pet a dog, let the dog smell your hand before you pet him. This is how a dog gets to know you. After he smells your hand, pet him where he can see your hand. Never pet a dog on top of his head first. This can scare a dog who does not know you.
  • If you think a dog is going to bite, climb somewhere high – like a tree or on a car. If you have nowhere to climb, fall face down and cover your head and neck with your arms. Don’t try to outrun him.
  • If a dog looks like it’s going to bite you, give it something like a hat, coat or shoe that it can bite instead.
  • Always use a low, firm voice when talking to a dog that looks like it might hurt you.
  • Use commands like “Go,” “Go home,” “Sit,” “Down,” or “No.”



Lots of the kids go to the hospital because they got hurt from falling.

To prevent this from happening to you, remember the following tips:

  • Don’t try to get something that’s out of your reach by climbing on a chair or table. Ask an adult to get it for you.
  • Always sit in the tub when you’re taking a bath.
  • Never walk in the house where it’s dark.
  • Always pick up your toys so no one trips over them.
  • Never open a window by yourself.
  • Don’t sit or stand anywhere that’s high off the ground.
  • Don’t run or jump in the house.
  • Use the railing when you walk up and down steps, and never slide down the railing.
  • Don’t jump on beds or sofas.
  • Always keep your shoes tied.
  • Don’t try to carry too many things at once.



Guns are not toys.  If you ever see a gun or a friend shows you a gun, don’t touch it.  Get away from the gun and tell an adult.


Fire can hurt you. Do you know what to do if there's a fire at your house? Follow these tips for safety:

  • Plan and practice fire drills at home with your family.
  • Know how to escape and where to meet your family outside after a fire.
  • If there is a fire, escape outside as quickly as possible – do not hide in your room or in a closet.
  • Leave your toys behind.
  • Close the door behind you as you leave a room.
  • Crawl along the floor to stay under any smoke.
  • If fire prevents your escape, close the door and put blankets at the bottom to keep the smoke out. Carefully open the window and yell for help. DO NOT lean out of the window, but you can wave something to help people see you.
  • Know how to “Stop, Drop and Roll” if your clothes catch on fire.



Don’t be bugged by bugs! Here are a few things you can do to avoid being bitten or stung when you play outside:

  • Wear lotions or oils that drive away bugs when you go outside.
  • Wear clothes that cover your arms and legs. Tuck your pants into your socks.
  • Be careful at picnics with sweet foods and drinks that attract bees and wasps.
  • Wear shoes outside in the grass in case you step on a bee.
  • Stay away from beehives and wasp nests.
  • Don’t wave your hands at bees or wasps. It makes them angry. Stand still and they will probably just go away.
  • Be careful near woodpiles, sheds, dark corners of the garage and other places spiders may live.
  • If you are bitten or stung, tell an adult right away.



Surfing the web, chatting and sending instant messages can be lots of fun. But, just like everything else, there are some rules you need to follow to stay safe when you’re on the Internet.
First of all, remember that you can never be sure who you’re chatting with on the computer. They are strangers. Even if someone talks like a friend, be careful. On the Internet, everyone is a stranger because you can’t see them to know if they are who they say they are.
When you’re on the web, follow these rules to stay safe.

  • Never give out personal information.
  • Personal information is:
    • Your real name
    • Your address
    • Your phone number
    • Your age
    • Where you go to school or work
    • The name of your sports team
    • The name of your band
    • Whether you are a boy or girl
    • The names of any of your friends or relatives or any information about them
  • If you need to fill out a profile to set up a chat, do not use real information. Many of the boxes can be left blank.
  • Talk with your parents about setting rules for using the computer.
  • If there is something on the computer that you would not want to share with your parent or family, it is not something you should be doing or viewing either.
  • If anything makes you feel funny while you’re on the Internet, talk to an adult.



Cutting the grass is a job for older kids and adults. You can help an adult get ready to cut the grass by clearing rocks, sticks and garbage from the yard.
Never ride on a riding lawn mower. You could fall off and get hurt.



  • Trampolines aren’t toys for kids. They can be unsafe.
  • If you are not 6 years old, never play on a trampoline.
  • If you are 6 and play on a trampoline, make sure an adult is right there with you.
  • Never jump with another person. Only one person should jump at a time.
  • Always jump in the center of the trampoline.
  • Don’t do tricks or flips.
  • Never jump off. When you are finished jumping, stop, walk to the edge, sit and slide off.
  • Never go under a trampoline while someone else is jumping on it.
  • Never play on a wet trampoline.



Did you know that windows can be dangerous? You can fall out of windows that aren’t locked and get hurt. Here are a few tips on how to be safe near windows.

  • Never open a window by yourself. Ask an adult for help.
  • Never lean out of an open window.
  • Never push or lean against a window screen. It could fall out of the window, and so could you.
  • Never play with the cords that hang from window shades or curtains. They can get wrapped around your neck and cause you to choke.