In aplastic anemia, your bone marrow stops producing new blood cells. This means you do not have enough red blood cells, white blood cells or platelets. White blood cells fight germs, and platelets help blood clot. Without these, you are at risk for infection and uncontrolled bleeding.
Aplastic anemia can be mild, moderate or severe. Mild or moderate aplastic anemia is serious but usually does not require a stay in the hospital. If you have mild or moderate aplastic anemia, your treatment might include:
- Blood transfusion, medications or both
- Immunosuppressive drugs
- Growth factors
Severe aplastic anemia, in which blood cell counts are extremely low, is life-threatening. If you have severe aplastic anemia, you need treatment in the hospital immediately. Treatment is usually a stem cell transplant. Replacing diseased bone marrow with healthy bone marrow from a donor can often cures aplastic anemia.