OHSU

Medication Therapy

There are many types of medications for seizures and epilepsy. Your doctor will prescribe a medication based on the type of seizure you have, your age, its side effects and cost.

Medications used at home are usually taken by mouth (as capsules, tablets, sprinkles, or syrup), but some can be given rectally (into your rectum). If you are in the hospital with seizures, your medication may be given by injection or intravenously (given to you directly through a needle).

It is important to take your medication on time and as prescribed by your doctor. Different people react to medications differently. Your doctor might need to adjust the time you take your medication or how much you take to control your seizures.

All medications can have side effects, although some people may not experience side effects. Discuss your medication's side effects with your doctor.

While you are taking medications, different tests may be done to make sure they are working properly. These tests may include:

Blood tests

You may need your blood tested regularly  to check the level of medication in your body. Based on this level, your doctor may increase or decrease the dose of the medication to reach the desired level. Blood work may also be done to monitor the effects of medications on your body’s organs.

Urine tests

These tests check to see how your body is responding to the medication.

Electroencephalogram (EEG)

An EEG records the brain's continuous electrical activity through electrodes attached to the scalp. This test helps show whether the medication is helping the electrical problems in your the brain.

Related Links

Tests & Procedures