Types of Simulation
Simulation is a training and feedback method in which learners practice tasks and processes in lifelike circumstances using models or virtual reality, with feedback from observers, peers, actor-patients, and video cameras to assist improvement in skills.
There are four different types of models that are used within the different simulation programs and centers here at OHSU.
Task Training Simulation
Task Training simulation allows the student to practice basic skills to ensure patient safety and comfort. At OHSU, physicians and students attain individual improvement from the ability to practice a variety of skills, such as suturing, dissection, and pattern cutting, and allows physicians in training to improve their visual, tactile and coordination skills. These training procedures range from the basics, such as drawing blood to more sophisticated procedures, such as endovascular surgery and trauma care.
This type of training improves critical thinking, decision making, and clinical techniques all without risk to a real patient.
Manikin-based simulation includes low, mid and high fidelity simulation manikins used in the training of healthcare providers. The level of fidelity refers to the technological abilities of the equipment, from a static manikin used for skills training all the way to a manikin that communicates, has dynamic vital signs, blinks, cries and whose chest rises and falls. There are multiple options depending on the learning objectives and goals of a given course to train using manikin-based simulation.
Standardized Patient Simulation
Standardized Patient Simulations facilitate interactive teaching through innovative educational tools, improve clinical knowledge through practice, build confidence and enhance individual and team performance, provide emergency management training in life support, and provide the opportunity to experience clinical scenarios before being confronted by similar situations in daily practice.
Read more about OHSU's Standardized Simulation Program
Virtual Reality Simulation
The use of virtual simulators at OHSU gives students, faculty, and medical providers leading edge tools to investigate and adapts to the advancement in medical training. By using unique state-of-the-art virtual devices, it enables medical providers with high fidelity training procedural simulation enhanced with true-to-life tactile sensations.