Pediatric Radiology for Medical Students

Pediatric radiology primarily deals with the diagnosis and follow up of congenital and childhood diseases. Since the focus is on congenital and childhood diseases, and not on the body part or system, this subspecialty contains elements of all of the other radiologic subspecialties such as thoracic, abdominal, ultrasound, nuclear medicine, emergency, and musculoskeletal imaging. With our knowledge of the long term risks associated with exposure to ionizing radiation, particular attention is paid to the use of non- or low dose ionizing radiation in pediatric patients. Pediatric radiologists play a direct role in treatment through procedures such as the fluoroscopically guided reduction of intussusception.

Goals and objectives

  • Discuss challenges specific to imaging children and how these may affect choice of imaging modality
  • Contrast normal anatomy on a chest x-ray of an infant compared to an adult
  • Recognize growth plates as a normal finding
  • Explain the significance of physeal involvement of a fracture. What are these fractures called?
  • List types of injuries that should raise suspicion for non-accidental trauma
  • What is a buckle fracture?
  • What is the significance of a toddler fracture?
  • Construct the appropriate imaging approach for common diagnostic scenarios including: Suspected pyloric stenosis, intussusception, vomiting, suspected testicular torsion, and joint pain or limping