Local Anesthetics: II - 2011

1995

3,4       Bacsik CJ, Swift JQ, Hargreaves KM. Toxic systemic reactions of bupivicaine and etidocaine. Oral Surg 79:18-23. 1995.

1996

4,5       Childers M, Reader A, Nist R, Beck M, Meyers WJ. Anesthetic efficacy of the periodontal ligament injection after an inferior alveolar nerve block. J Endodon 22:317-320. 1996.           

5,6       Dunbar D, Reader A, Nist R, Beck M, Meyers WJ. Anesthetic efficacy of the intraosseous injection after an inferior alveolar nerve block. J Endodon 22:481-486. 1996.

1997

6,1       VanGheluwe J and Walton R. Intrapulpal injection - factors related to effectiveness. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol. 83:38. 1997.

1,2       Replogle K, Reader A, Nist R, Beck M, Weaver J, Meyers WJ.  Anesthetic efficacy of the intraosseous injection of 2% lidocaine (1:100,000 epinephrine) and 3% mepivacaine in mandibular first molars. Oral Surg 83:30-37. 1997.

2,3       Reisman D, Reader A, Nist R, Beck M, Weaver J. Anesthetic efficacy of the supplemental intraosseous injection of 3% Mepivacaine in irreversible pulpitis. Oral Surg 84:676-682. 1997.

1998

3,4       Nusstein J, Reader A, Nist R, Beck M, Weaver J. Anesthetic efficacy of the supplemental intraosseous injection of 2% lidocaine with 1:100,000epinephrine in irreversible pulpitis. J Endodon 24:487. 1998.

            1999

4,5       Yagiela J.  Adverse drug interactions in dental practice: Interactions associated with vasoconstrictors.  JADA 130:701-709

            2001

5,6       Malamed S, Gagnon S, Leblanc D.  Articaine hydrochloride: a study of the safety of a new amide local anesthetic.  JADA 132:177-185 2001

            2002

6,1       Hargreaves K, Keiser K.  Local anesthetic failure in endodontics: mechanisms and management.  Endo Topics 1:26-39 2002

2004

1,2       Claffey E Reader A Nusstein J Beck M Weaver J. Anesthetic efficacy of Articaine for inferior alveolar nerve blocks in patients with irreversible pulpitis. J Endod 30:568. August, 2004.

2005

2,3       Wood M, Reader A, Nusstein J, Beck M, Padgett D, Weaver J. Comparison of intraosseous and infiltration injections for venous lidocaine blood concentrations and heart rate changes after injection of 2% lidocaine with 1:100,000 epinephrine. J Endod. 2005;31(6):435-438.

            2006

3,4       Bigby J, Reader A, Nusstein J, Beck M, Weaver J. Articaine for supplemental intraosseous anesthesia in patients with irreversible pulpitis. J Endod. 2006;32(11):1044-1047.

4,5       Hillerup S, Jensen R.  Nerve injury caused by mandibular block analgesia. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2006; 35:437-443.

            2007

5,6       Ianiro SR, Jeansonne BG, McNeal SF, Eleazer PD. The effect of preoperative acetaminophen or a combination of acetaminophen and ibuprofen on the success of inferior alveolar nerve block for teeth with irreversible pulpitis. J Endod. 2007;33(1):11-14.

6,1       Hsiao-Wu GW, Susarla SM, White RR. Use of the cold test as a measure of pulpal anesthesia during endodontic therapy: a randomized, blinded, placebo-controlled clinical trial. J Endod. 2007;33(4):406-410.

1,2       Robertson D, Nusstein J, Reader A, Beck M, McCartney M. The anesthetic efficacy of articaine in buccal infiltration of mandibular posterior teeth. J Am Dent Assoc. 2007;138(8):1104-12.

2,3       Wells JE, Bingham V, Rowland KC, Hatton J. Expression of nav1.9 channels in human dental pulp and trigeminal ganglion. J Endod. 2007;33(10):1172-1176.

            2008

3,4       Mikesell A, Drum M, Reader A, Beck M. Anesthetic efficacy of 1.8 ml and 3.6ml of 2% lidocaine with 1:100,000 epinephrine for maxillary infiltrations. J Endod. 2008;34(2):121-125.

4,5       Goldberg S, Reader A, Drum M, Nusstein J, Beck M.  Comparison of the anesthetic efficacy of the conventional inferior alveolar, gow-gates, and vazirani-akinosi techniques. J Endodon 2008;34(11):1306-1311.

            2009

5,6       Mathews R, Drum M, Reader A, Nusstein J, Beck M.  Articaine for supplemental buccal mandibular infiltration anesthesia in patients with irreversible pulpitis when the inferior alveolar nerve block fails.  J Endodon 2009;35(3):343-346.

6,1       Bucheli J, Rojas P, Escalona M, Estrada A, Sandoval C, Rivero C, Lombana, Munoz H.  The effect of different vasoconstrictors and local anesthetic solutions on substance P expression in human dental pulp. J Endodon 2009;35(5):631-633.

            2111

All        Curtis T.  Efficacy of a Louisville Slugger in the anesthesia of uncooperative 13 year old.  JAnes 2111:1:1

OPTIONAL

Kaufman E, Solomon V, Peltz R. Pulpal anesthesia efficacy of four lidocaine solutions injected with an intraligamentary  syringe. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 78:17. 1994.

Roda RS, Blanton PL. The anatomy of local anesthesia. Quint Int 25:27-38. 1994.

Odor TM, Pitt Ford TR, McDonald F. Adrenaline in local anesthesia: the effect of concentration on dental pulpal circulation and anesthesia. Endod Dent Traumatol 10:167-173. 1994.

Odor TM, Pitt Ford TR, McDonald F. Effect of inferior alveolar nerve block anesthesia on the lower teeth. Endod Dent Traumatol 10:144-148. 1994.

Leonard MS. The efficacy of an intraosseous injection system of delivering local anesthetic. J Amer Dent Assoc 126:81-86. 1995.

Brogan GX, Giarrusso E, Hollander JE, Cassara G, Maranga MC, Thode HC. Comparison of plain, warmed and buffered lidocaine for anesthesia of traumatic wounds. Ann Emerg Med 26:121-125. 1995.         

Certosimo A and Archer R. A clinical evaluation of the electric pulp tester as an indicator of local anesthesia. Oper Dent 21:25.1996.

Coggins R, Reader A, Nist R, Beck M, Meyers WJ. Anesthetic efficacy of the intraosseous injection in maxillary and mandibular teeth. Oral Surg 81:634-641. 1996.

Jurvic R, Milgrom P, Karl HW, Weinstein P, Coldwell SE, Kharasch ED, Mautz D, Domoto P. Plasma levels of 2% lidocaine with 1:100,000 epinephrine with young children undergoing dental procedures. Anesth Prog 45:87. 1998.

Jofre' J and Munzenmayer C. Design and preliminary evaluation of an extra oral  Gow-Gates guiding device. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 85:661. 1998.

Uckan S, Guler N, Sumer M, Ungor M. Local anesthetic efficacy for oral surgery. Comparison of diphenhydramine and prilocaine. Oral Surg oral Med Oral Pathol 86:26. 1998.

Afsar A, Haas DA, Rossouw PE, Woods RE. Radiographic localization of mandibular anesthesia landmarks. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 86:234. 1998.

Leonard MS. The anatomy of the intraosseous injection. Dent Today 17:87. 1998.

Hawkins JM and Isen D. Maxillary nerve block: the pterygopalatine canal approach. Calif Dent Assoc J 26:658. 1998.

Quinn C. Injection techniques to anesthetize the difficult tooth. Cal Dent Assoc J 26:665. 1998.

Pallasch TJ. Vasoconstrictors and the heart. Calif Dent Assoc J 26:668. 1998.

Haas DA. Localized complications from local anesthesia. Calif Dent Assoc J 26:677. 1998.

Chen AH. Toxicity and allergy to local anesthesia. Calif Dent Assoc J 26:683. 1998.

Reitz JR, Reader A, Nist R, Beck M, Myers WJ. Anesthetic efficacy of the interosseous injection of 0.9 ml of 2% lidocaine (1:100,00 epinephrine) to augment an inferior alveolar nerve block. OOOO & E 86:516. November, 1998.

Parente SA, Anderson RW, Herman WW, Kimbrough WF, Weller RN. Anesthetic efficacy of the supplemental intraosseous injection for teeth with irreversible pulpitis. J Endodon 24:826. 1998.

Reitz J, Reader A, Nist R, Beck M, Meyers WJ. Anesthetic efficacy of a repeated intraosseous injection given 30 min following an inferior alveloar nerve block/intraosseous injection. Anesth Prog 45:143. 1998.

Jerkjend L, Odont l, Skoglund LA. Infiltrated lidocaine 2% with epinephrine 1:80,000 causes more postoperative pain than lidocaine 2% after oral soft tissue surgery. Anesth Prog 46:71. 1999.

Clark S, Reader A, Beck M, Meyers WJ. Anesthetic efficacy of the mylohyoid nerve block and combination inferior alveolar nerve block/mylohyoid nerve block. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 87:557. 1999.

Yagiela JA. Adverse drug interactions in dental practice: interactions associated with vasoconstrictors. J Am Dent Assoc 130:701. 1999.

Cuny EJ, Fredekind R, Budenz AW. Safety needles new requirements of OSHA bloodborne pathogens rule. Calif Dent Assoc J 27:525. 1999.

Progel MA and Thamby S. The etiology of altered sensation in the inferior alveolar, lingual and mental nerves as a result of dental treatment. Calif Dent Assoc J 27:531. 1999.

Brown R. Intraosseous anesthesia a review. Calif Dent Assoc J 27:785. 1999.

Replogle K, Reader A, Nist R, Beck M, Weaver J, Meyers WJ. Cardiovascular effects of intraosseous injections of 2% lidocaine with 1:100,000 epinephrine and 3% mepivacaine. J Am Dent Assoc 130:649. 1999.

Guglielmo A, Reader A, Nist R, Beck M, Weaver J. Anesthetic efficacy and heart rate effects of the supplemental intraosseous injection of 2% Mepivacaine with 1:20,000 levonordefrin. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 87:284. 1999.

Gallatin E, Stabile P, Reader A, Nist R, Beck M. Anesthetic efficacy and heart rate effects of the intraosseous injection of 3% Mepivacaine after inferior alveolar nerve block. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 89:83. 2000.      

Stabile P, Reader A, Gallatin E, Beck M, Weaver J. Anesthetic efficacy and heart rate effects of the intraosseous injection of 1.5% etidocaine 1:200,000 epinephrine after an inferior alveolar block. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 89:40. 2000.

Saloun FS, Baumgartner JC, Marshall G, Tinkle J. A clinical comparison of pain perception to the Wand and a traditional syringe. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 89:691. 2000.        

Goodell GC, Gallagher FJ, Nicoll BK. Comparison of a controlled injection pressure system with a conventional technique. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 90:88. 2000.

Malamed SF, Gagnon S, Leblanc D. Efficacy of articaine: A new amide local anesthetic. JADA 131:635. May, 2000.

Malamed SF, Gagnon S, Leblanc D. Articaine hydrochloride: a study of the safety of a new amide local anesthetic. JADA 132:177. February, 2001.

Nicholson JW Berry TG Summitt JB Yuan CH Witten. Pain perception and utility : A comparison of the syringe  and computerized local injection technique. Gen Dent 167. March/April 2001.

Nettis E Napoli G Ferrannini A Tursi A. The incremental challenge test in the diagnosis of adverse reactions to local anesthetics. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Path 91:402. April, 2001.

Kennedy M, Reader A, Beck M, Weaver J. Anesthetic efficacy of ropivacaine in maxillary anterior infiltration. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 91:406. April, 2001.

Fernieini EM Bennett JD Silverman DG Halaszynnski TM. Hemodynamic  assessment of local anesthetic administration by laser doppler flowmetry. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Path 91:526. May, 2001.

Shepherd PA, Eleazer PD, Clark SJ, Scheetz JP. Measurement of intraosseous pressures generated by the Wand, high pressure periodontal ligament syringe, and the Stabident system. J Endod 27:381. June, 2001.

Ramlee RAM & Whitworth J. Dimensions of Stabident intraosseous perfortators and needles. J Endod 27:581. September, 2001.

Moiseiwitsch J & Irvine T. Clinical significance of the length of the ptergopalatine fissure in dental anesthesia. Oral surg Oral Med Oral Path 92:325. September, 2001.

Hargreaves KM, Keiser K. Local anesthetic failure in Endodontics: mechanism and management. Endo Topics 1:26. 2002.

Meechan JG & Ledvinka JIM. Pulpal anaesthesia for mandibular central incisor teeth: a comparison of infiltration and interligamentary injections. Int Endod J 35:629. 2002.

Meechan JG. Supplementary routes to local anesthesia. Int Endod J 35:885. 2002.

Fukayama H Nagaaki S Umino M. Comparison of topical anesthetic of 20% benzocaine and 60% lidocaine gel. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Path 94:157. 2002.

Reader A & Nusstein J. Local Anesthesia for endodontic pain. Endo Topics 3:14. 2002.

Kennedy S Reader A Nusstein J Beck M Weaver J. The significance of needle deflection in success of the inferior alveolar nerve block in patients with irreversible pulpitis. J Endod 29:630. October, 2003.

Nusstein J Kennedy S Reader A Beck M Weaver J. Anesthetic efficacy of the supplemental X-tip intraosseous injection in patients with irreversible pulpitis. J Endod. 29:724 November, 2003.

Gallatin, J.; Reader, A.; Nusstein, J.; Beck, M.; Weaver, J. A comparison of two intraosseous anesthyetic techniques in mandibular posterior teeth. JADA 134:1476. 2003.

Nusstein, J.; Burns, Y.; Reader, A.; Beck, M.; Weaver, J. Injection pain and postinjection pain of the palatal-anterior superior alveolar injection, administered with the Wand Plus® system, comparing 2% lidocaine with 1:1000,000 epinephrine to 3% mepivacaine. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 97:164. 2004.

Burns, Y.; Reader, A.; Nusstein, J.; Beck, M.; Weaver, J. Anesthetic efficacy of the palatel--anterior superior alveolar injection. JADA135:1269. 2004.

Nusstein, J.; Lee, S.; Reader, A.; Weaver, J. Injection pain and postinjection pain of the anterior middle superior alveolar injection administered with the Wand® or conventional syringe.Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 98:124. 2004.

Meit, S.S.; Yasek, V.; Shannon, K.; Hickman, D.; Williams, D. Techniques for reducing anesthetic injection pain.  An interdisciplinary survey of knowledge and application. JADA135:1243. 2004.

Mikesell, P.; Nusstein, J; Reader, A; Beck, M.; Weaver, J A comparison of articaine and lidocaine for inferior alveolar nerve blocks. J Endodon 31(4):265. 2005.

Locher-Claus, M.T.; Erickson, T.E.; Law, A.S.; Johnson, W.T.; Gebhart, G.F. Effects of pre-emptive morphine, ibuprofen or local anesthetic on fos expression in the spinal trigeminal nucleus following tooth pulp exposure in the rat. J Endodon 31(8):578. 2005.

Fernandez C, Reader A, Beck M, Nusstein J. A prospective, randomized, double-blind comparison of bupivacaine and lidocaine for inferior alveolar nerve blocks. J Endod. 2005;31(7):499-503.

Costa CG, Tortamano IP, Rocha RG, Francischone CE, Tortamano N. Onset and duration periods of articaine and lidocaine on maxillary infiltration. Quintessence Int. 2005;36(3):197-201.

Berlin JA, Nusstein J, Reader A, Beck M, Weaver J. Efficacy of articaine and lidocaine in a primary intraligamentary injection administered with a computer-controlled local anesthetic delivery system. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2005;99:361-6.

Whitworth JM, Ramlee RAM, Meechan JG. Pressures generated in vitro during Stabident intraosseous injections. Int Endod J. 2005;38:291-6.

Oztas N, Ulusu T, Bodur H, Dogan C. The Wand in pulp therapy: An alternative to inferior alveolar nerve block. Quintessence Int. 2005;36:559-64.

Park CJ, Park SA, Yoon TG, Lee SJ, Yum KW, Kim HJ. Bupivacaine induces apoptosis via ROS in the Schwann cell line. J Dent Res. 2005;84:852-7.

Kanaa MD, Whitworth JM, Corbett IP, Meechan JG. Articaine and lidocaine mandibular buccal inflitration anesthesia: A prospective randomized double-blind cross-over study. J Endod. 2006;32(4):296-8.

Kanaa MD, Meechan JG, Corbett IP, Whitworth JM. Speed of injection influences efficacy of inferior alveolar nerve blocks: a double-blind randomized controlled trial in volunteers. J Endod 2006;32(10):919-23.

Branco FP, Ranali J, Ambrosano GMB, Volpato MC. A double-blind comparison of 0.5% bupivacaine with 1:2000,000 epinephrine and .05% levobupivacaine with 1:200,000 epinephrine for the inferior alveolar nerve block. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2006;101:442-7.

Gross R, McCartney M, Reader A, Beck M. A prospective, randomized, double-blind comparison of bupivacaine and lidocaine for maxillary infiltrations. J  Endod. 2007;33(9):1021.

Bigby J, Reader A, Nusstein J, Beck M. Anesthetic efficacy of lidocaine/meperidine for inferior alveolar nerve blocks in patients with irreversible pulpitis. J  Endod. 2007;33(1):7-10.

McCartney M, Reader A, Beck M. Injection pain of the inferior alveolar nerve block in patients with irreversible pulpitis. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2007;104:571.

Rosenberg PA, Amin KG, Zibari Y, Lin LM. Comparison or 4% Articaine with 1:100,000 Epinephrine and 2% Lidocaine with 1:100,000 Epinephrine when used as a supplimental anesthetic. J  Endod. 2007;33(4):403-5.

Ito K, Ichinohe T, Shibukawa Y, Aida H, Kaneko Y. Anesthetic duration of lidocaine with 10% dextran is comparable to lidocaine with 1:160 000 epinephrine after introsseous injection in the rabbit. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2007;(3):e26-e31.

Whitworth JM, Kanna MD, Corbett IP, Meechan JG. Influence of injection speed on the effectiveness of incisive/mental nerve block: a randomized, controlled, double-blind study in adult volunteers. J  Endod. 2007;33(10):1149-54.

Johnson TM, Badovinac R, Shaefer J. Teaching alternatives to the standard inferior alveolar nerve block in dental education: outcomes in clinical practice. J Dent Educ. 2007;71(9):1145-52.

Evans G, Nusstein J, Drum M, Reader A, Beck M. A prospective, randomized double-blind comparison of articaine and lidocaine for maxillary infiltrations. J Endod. 2008;34(4):389-93.

Modaresi J, Dianat O, Soluit A. Effect of pulp inflammation on nerve impulse quality with or without anesthesia. J Endod. 2008;34(4):438-41.

Corbett IP, Kanaa MD, Whitworth JM, Meechan JG. Articaine infiltration for anesthesia of mandibular first molars. J Endod. 2008;34(5):514-8.

Jung I-Y, Kim J-H, Kim E-S, Lee C-Y, Lee SJ. An evaluation of buccal infiltrations and inferior alveolar nerve blocks in pulpal anesthesia for mandibular first molars. J Endod. 2008;34(1):11.

Jenssen J, Nusstein J, Drum M, Reader A, Beck M. Anesthetic efficacy of a repeated intraosseois injection following a primary intraosseous injection. J Endod. 2008;34(2):126.

Remmers T, Glickman G, Spears R, He J. The efficacy of IntraFlow intraosseous injection as a primary anesthesia technique. J Endod. 2008;34(3):280.

Sherman MG, Flax M, Namerow K, Murray PE. Anexthetic efficacy of the gow-gates injection and maxillary infiltration with articaine and lidocaine for irreversible pulpitis. J Endod. 2008;34(6):656.