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Year 2000 Journal Survey - In-Depth Report


MAIN POINTS

The journal survey was on the Web from June 1-30, 2000.

Of the 300 surveys returned

  • 55% were from faculty; 24 % staff and 15% students

  • 2.8% of the OHSU faculty, staff, and student participated in the survey

  • 90 departments were represented in the results

The top 10 journals of most use to OHSU community and number of responses were:

  1. Nature (44)
  2. Cell (42)
  3. Journal of Neuroscience (40)
  4. Science (27)
  5. Journal of Biol. Chemistry (23)
  6. New England Journal of Medicine (23)
  7. Nature Genetics (20)
  8. Neuron (20)
  9. JAMA (17)
  10. Proceed Nat. Acad. of Science (15)

OHSU Library currently subscribes to all of the top 10 journals in both print and electronic format.

A current subscription is available on-campus for 415 of 529 titles (78%) listed as "journals most important to your work at OHSU."

An electronic version is available on and off-campus for 139 of the 529 titles (33%). Most of these journals require a print copy to be purchased before electronic version can be made available.

The scores of 32 low-use journals ranged from 1 to 2 (1= do not use to 5 = use often). Asking the whole community about the usefulness of specific journals that are relevant to only a few does not provide enough useful information to make decisions about keeping or canceling a journal.

The most effective ways for the Library to keep users informed of changes in library service are e-mail and use of the Library Web site. The least effective were presentations at departmental meetings and a library liaison program.

Although the campus community did not rate the library liaison program highly, experience in other libraries has shown the program has proven effective at other universities as a means of working with departments, especially in the areas of collection development and selection of electronic resources.

The listing of the "top 5 journals most important to your work at OHSU" is a beneficial exercise in evaluating the journal collection. However, the Library staff recognizes that a more comprehensive evaluation of the collection based on departmental involvement and advisory groups are critical to best use of the Library's limited resources. A review of the journals in which the OHSU faculty have published and been cited is also being used to evaluate the journal collection (Institute for Scientific Information data).

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INTRODUCTION

The first objective of this survey was to evaluate the relevance of the OHSU journal collection. A listing of "The top 5 journal titles in your field that are most important to your work at OHSU" was requested. Comparing these journal titles with OHSU campus library subscriptions will allow the Library's Collection Development Committee to identify changes needed to the journal collection to reflect the needs of the campus.

A second objective was to request input from the OHSU community about possible cancellations of low use print and electronic journals. The results will be used in the annual renewal and cancellation process for electronic and print journal subscriptions.

Traditionally, librarians have communicated with their clientele by newsletters, department meetings, orientation and educational sessions and printed guides. New opportunities for more direct and convenient information exchange are available with e-mail and the Web. The last objective of this survey was to evaluate the effectiveness of traditional versus newer methods of keeping the OHSU community informed of changes in Library services and resources.

RESULTS

Members of the Library Collection Development Committee developed this survey and made it available on the OHSU Library Web site from June 1 - 30, 2000.

Question 1. What is your primary role at OHSU?

Of the approximately 10,700 OSHU personnel, only 299 or 2.8% participated in the survey. The highest returns were from the faculty and lowest from students and staff.

Primary role at OHSU Number of Responses Percent of Responses Number of employees Percent of employees
Faculty 164 55 2450 6.8
Resident 12 4 548 1.8
Staff 71 24 5000 1.4
Student 33 11 2760 1.2
Other 19 6
Total 299 10,758 2.8

Question 2. What is your primary department?

Over 90 departments were represented in the survey. The departments were organized in broad categories to assist with analysis and interpretation of the data. Clinical and Basic Science groups were the groups most highly represented.

Major Emphasis Number of Responses % of Responses
Administration 7 2
Basic Sciences 94 32
C asey Eye Institute 6 2
Center for Ethics in Health Care 3 1
Clinical Sciences 120 41
School of Dentistry 20 7
Hospitals 26 9
Pharmacy 6 2
School of Nursing 11 4
Total 293 100

Question 3. Titles listed more than 5 times for the "Top 5 journal titles in your field that are most important to your work at OHSU." (In order by highest to lowest hits)

Hits Journal Holdings/ejournal Order
44 Nature v.115-present / 1925- (ejournal) 1
42 Cell v.1-present / 1974- (ejournal) 2
40 Journal of Neuroscience v.1-present / 1981- (ejournal) 3
27 Science v.1-present /1883- (ejournal) 4
23 Journal of Biological Chemistry v.1-present /1905- (ejournal) 5
23 New England Journal of Medicine v.198-present /1928- (ejournal) 6
20 Nature Genetics v.1-present /1992- (ejournal) 7
20 Neuron v.4 - present /1990- (ejournal) 8
17 JAMA: Journal of the Am Medical Assoc v.173-present /1960- (ejournal) 9
15 Proc of the National Acad of Sciences v.1-present /1915- (ejournal) 10
14 Psychopharmacology v.47-present /1976- (ejournal) 11
12 Circulation v.1-present/1950-(ejournal-OVID) 12
12 Molecular & Cellular Biology v.1-present /1981- (ejournal) 13
11 Blood v.1-present /1946- (ejournal) 14
11 Brain Research v.1-present /1966- (ejournal) 15
10 Development v.99-present /1987- (ejournal) 16
10 Hearing Research v.17-63 /1985-1992 17
9 American Journal of Physiology v.1-present /1898- (ejournal) 18
9 Genes & Development v.6-present /1992- (ejournal) 19
9 Nature Neuroscience v.1-present /1998- (ejournal) 20
9 Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Res. v.4-present /1980- 21
9 Developmental Biology v.1-present /1959- 22
8 American Journal of Human Genetics v.1-present / 1949- (ejournal) 23
8 Circulation Research v.1-present / 1953- (ejournal) 24
8 Immunity v.12-present / 2000- (ejournal) 25
8 Journal of Immunology v.64-present / 1950- (ejournal) 26
8 Journal of Physiology v.1-present / 1878- (ejournal) 27
8 Behavioral Neuroscience v.97-present / 1983- 28
8 Endocrinology v.1-22,24-present / 1917- 29
8 Journal of the Am College of Cardiology v.1-present / 1983- 30
8 Pharmacology, Biochemistry & Behavior v.1-5,12-present / 1973- 31
7 Arch of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surg. v.112-present /1986- (ejournal) 32
7 Journal of Pharmacology & Exper Therap v.1-present /1909- (ejournal) 33
7 Cancer Research v.1-present /1941- 34
6 Annals of Internal Medicine v.1-present /1927- (ejournal) 35
6 Journal of Cell Biology v.12-present /1962 -(ejournal) 36
6 American Journal of Public Health v.61-present /1971 - 37
6 Journal of Bone & Mineral Research v.8-present /1993- 38
6 Journal of Clinical Oncology v.1-present /1983- 39
6 Journal of the Acoustical Soc of Amer v.1-62 /1929-1977 40
6 Laryngoscope v.1-present /1896- 41
6 Neurology v.1-present /1951- 42
6 Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery v.89-present /1981 43

There were 529 unique journal titles listed. The OHSU Main Library subscribes to 73% of these with about 26% (139/529) being available in both print and electronic formats. An additional 29 journals are part of the VAMC, Oregon Regional Primate Research Center or Casey Eye Institute Library collections. The OHSU Library does not subscribe to 21% of the journals listed. Of these, approximately 67% were indexed in MEDLINE or CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature) and 33% were not.

The library currently subscribes to 95% of the titles listed by more than 2 people and about 50% of these are available in both print and electronic format.

Number
Total number of unique titles listed 529
Number of titles that are current campus subscription 415
Main Library, CDRC and Dental Libraries 386
Veterans Administration Library 22
Oregon Regional Primate Center 4
Casey Eye Institute 3
Number of titles owned in electronic format by main library 139
Number of titles that are not current campus subscription 114
Number of titles indexed in MEDLINE or CINAHL 77
Number of titles not indexed in MEDLINE or CINAHL 37
Number of titles listed 3 or more times 113
Number owned by OHSU Library 108
Number owned in print and electronic journal format 53

Question 4. Evaluate the list of low use journal titles for their usefulness. (1= Do not use; 3 = Use occasionally; 5 = Use often). Scores of 1 + 2 = Not useful and scores of 3, 4, or 5 = Useful). Titles arranged in descending order.

Title Ave. score Not useful Useful
Current Opinion in Endocrinology and Diabetes 1.54 82% 18%
Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology 1.53 84% 16%
Recent Progress in Hormone Research 1.52 83% 17%
Advances in Immunology 1.45 85% 15%
Molecular Pathology 1.40 87% 13%
American Journal of Critical Care 1.39 87% 13%
Health Education and Behavior 1.37 88% 12%
Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology 1.35 88% 12%
Journal of Biomechanical Engineering 1.35 90% 10%
JEMS: Journal of Emergency Medical Services 1.28 91% 9%
International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research 1.28 93% 7%
Mutation Research Forum 1.23 93% 7%
Bulletin of the American College of Surgeons 1.21 92% 8%
Electromyography and Clinical Neurophysiology 1.23 93% 7%
Journal of Allied Health 1.23 93% 7%
Journal of Biomaterials Applications 1.23 94% 6%
Surgical Forum 1.19 95% 5%
Journal of Holistic Nursing 1.18 95% 5%
Journal of Nursing Measurement 1.17 96% 4%
Journal of Investigative Dermatology Symposium Proc 1.15 96% 4%
Medicine on the Net 1.14 94% 6%
Journal of Ped Oncology Nursing 1.13 96% 4%
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback 1.13 96% 4%
Proc Assoc of American Physicians 1.13 96% 4%
Bulletin on Narcotics 1.11 97% 3%
Mother Baby Journal 1.10 97% 3%

Question 5. Evaluate the list of low use electronic journal titles for their usefulness. (1= Do not use; 3 = Use occasionally; 5 = Use often). Scores of 1 + 2 = Not useful and scores of 3, 4, or 5 = Useful.

Title Ave. score Not useful Useful
Annual Review of Pharmacology and Toxicology 1.98 66% 34%
Genome Research 1.88 71% 29%
Brain Research Protocols 1.72 75% 25%
Annual Review of Microbiology 1.62 80% 20%
Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development 1.23 94% 6%
Issues in Comprehensive Pediatric Nursing 1.07 98% 2%
The validity of this approach to evaluate journal usage may be limited. The low response to the survey and individuals commenting on journals not relevant to their area of interest limits the usefulness of the data gathered here.

Question 6. What would be the most useful ways for the library to keep you informed of changes in library service? (Summarized as 1 + 2 = Not useful; 3 + 4 + 5 = Useful).

Electronic communication through the Web and e-mail were rated the most effective ways of communicating with OHSU campus personnel. Library liaison and presentations at the department were considered least useful.

Means of communication Ave. Score Not useful Useful
Library communications via e-mail 4.25 10% 90%
Use of Library Web site 4.14 9% 91%
Printed guides on new library services 2.87 37% 63%
Information posted in the Library 2.76 43% 57%
Library newsletter 2.68 47% 53%
Librarian instruction on using new information tools 2.62 47% 53%
Library listserv 2.60 52% 48%
Notice in your department newsletter 2.18 67% 33%
Librarian liaison assigned to your dept. 2.07 67% 33%
Presentations at departmental meeting, Faculty Senate 1.98 66% 34%

DISCUSSION

This first attempt at surveying the OHSU Campus via the Web for assistance in the collection development process has resulted in several conclusions:

1. Asking the whole community about the usefulness of specific journals that are relevant to only a few does not provide enough useful information to make decisions about keeping or canceling a journal.

2. A listing of the "Top 5 journals of importance to your work at OHSU" was very useful in evaluating the collection. Titles listed that are not owned by the Library will be considered for acquisition in context of all other requests and budgetary constraints.

3. Although the campus community did not rate the library liaison program highly, experience in other libraries has shown the program to be a very effective way to promote communication between the library and departments. Liaisons can visit departments to review the OHSU journal collection, to discuss electronic library resources, and share other information that would increase the effectiveness and productivity of the department. Faculty can contact their liaison with questions they have about library collections and services.

Members of the OHSU Library staff who participated in developing the survey, analyzing the results, and writing the report include Cindy Cunningham, Diane Carroll, Julie Cook, Dolores Judkins, James Morgan, Judith Norton, Laura Zeigen, and Carrie Willman.

For further details or discussion of results, please contact:

Diane Carroll- Head, Library Planning and Development, carroldi@ohsu.edi, 503 494-6659

Cindy Cunningham - Head, Access Services, cunningc@ohsu.edu, 503-494-3481

Carrie Willman - Head, Bibliographic Services; Chair, Collection Development Committee, willmanc@ohsu.edu, 503-494-5667

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