Technical Advisory Committee (TAC) Members
Christopher Elias, M.D., MPH.
Seattle, Washington, USA
Christopher Elias' interests include reproductive health, family planning and HIV/AIDS-related operations research, expansion of contraceptive choice, gender and development research and institutional strengthening.
Dr. Elias received his M.D. from Creighton University (1983), completed postgraduate training in internal medicine at the University of California, San Francisco (1986), and received an M.P.H. from the University of Washington (1990), where he was a Fellow in the Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Program.
Prior to working with Population Council in Thailand, Dr. Elias worked with Population Council in New York where he coordinated global research activities concerning sexually transmitted disease and HIV/AIDS for the Robert H. Ebert Program for Critical Issues in Reproductive Health and Population.
Ruth Frischer, Ph.D.
Health Science Specialist, U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID),
Population, Health and Nutrition Center,
Washington, D.C., USA
Dr. Ruth Frischer is the senior technical officer for USAID’s program in child health research. Her interests include child and maternal health, nutrition and research capacity building in developing countries. She received her Ph.D. in neurophysiology from New York University (1987) and has been the recipient of the American Association for the Advancement of Science Diplomacy Fellowship and the Department of Commerce Science and Technology Fellowship.
She most recently received the USAID Science and Technology award. Prior to working with USAID, Dr. Frischer conducted research, worked in international family planning and health organizations coordinating global research programs, and developed and directed a company dedicated to expanding the horizons of disabled individuals. She has authored numerous publications in family planning, global child health, capacity building and education.
Robert L. Goldenberg, M.D.
University of Alabama at Birmingham,
Robert L. Goldenberg is a Professor in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at the University of Alabama at Birmingham. He is a member of the Institute of Medicine. From 1977 to 1981, he served as the Director of Maternal and Child Health of the Alabama State Department of Public Health. As Co-Director of the Center for Research in Women's Health (a University of Alabama at Birmingham university-wide multidisciplinary designated center), he has been responsible for several large population-based research projects including the March of Dimes Preterm Birth Prevention Project (1982 - 1986), the Successive Small for Gestational Age Study funded by NIH (1984 - 1994), and the AHCPR-funded Low Birthweight Patient Outcomes Research Team (1992 -1997).
He has been a Co-PI on the Maternal-Fetal Medicine Units Network funded by the NICHD, where he served as Project Director of a ten-center study on prediction of preterm birth. Dr. Goldenberg is the Program Director for the Smoke Free Families National Program Office, which is funded by a grant from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.
In addition, Dr. Goldenberg is currently working with members of INCLEN to establish an international multicenter obstetric trials unit involving investigators from locations such as Zimbabwe, India, Thailand, the Philippines, and Brazil. Dr. Goldenberg has also consulted on projects related to preterm birth and infant mortality in Egypt and Armenia, and as part of a long-term collaborative effort with investigators in Norway and Sweden, has evaluated a number of research projects in Africa. He is also the PI of a randomized trial testing the use of conventional antibiotics during pregnancy to reduce perinatal HIV transmission in several sub-Saharan African countries.
Pisake Lumbiganon, M.D., M.S.
Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, Thailand
(see description of the center)
Dr. Ruth Wanjiru (Kareithi) Nduati MBChB, MMED(Paediatrics), MPH
Department of Paediatrics/ Clinical Epidemiology Unit
College of Health Sciences and Kenyatta National Hospital, University of Nairobi, Kenya
Dr Nduati is a Senior Lecturer in the Department of paediatrics at the University of Nairobi. Dr Nduati was one of two Principal investigators (with Prof Joan Kreiss of the University of Washington), for the randomized clinical trial of breastfeeding and formula among infants of HIV infected women.
This study was able to document accurately the magnitude and timing of breastmilk transmission of HIV, and for the first time to show that breastfeeding increases the risk of mortality of HIV infected women. Currently Dr Nduati and Dr Mbori-Ngacha are principal investigators in an operations research study that is evaluating the integration of prevention of MTCT transmission of HIV into ongoing services.
Dr Nduati is also a co-investigator in a study examining the cellular immune responses in babies exposed to HIV through breastfeeding and in trial of a HIV DNA vaccine in Kenya. Dr Nduati is a member of the Clinical epidemiology unit in Nairobi. Dr Nduati is currently the Secretary, Network of AIDS Researchers in East and Southern Africa (NARESA).
In this capacity she has convened important regional expert workshops to review current health problems related to HIV/AIDS including; Mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1 – Nairobi, 1994, Women and AIDS – Nairobi 1996, Interventions to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV (Satellite meeting during the International Conference on AIDS and STD’s in Africa Conference Abidjan, Cote d’Ivoire, 1997), and with others a curriculum development workshop to produce a curriculum for training health workers on the prevention of MTCT transmission of HIV.
Dr Nduati has written extensively on the field of breastfeeding and HIV transmission. Dr Nduati received her basic medical education and specialty training in pediatrics at the University of Nairobi. She then went on to study for a MPH in Epidemiology at the University of Washington in Seattle.
Dr. Saroj Pachauri
Population Council, India
Dr. Pachauri is the Regional Director for South and East Asia, Population Council. She is a community health physician with a Ph.D. who has been engaged with research on reproductive health for many years. She began her career as a faculty member and helped establish two departments of Preventive and Social Medicine in India. From 1971 to 1983 she worked with Family Health International and undertook research on international health.
She designed, monitored and evaluated clinical trials in countries in Asia, Africa, the Middle East and Europe. She was in charge of the Ford Foundation's Child Survival and Reproductive Health Programs from 1983 to 1994. Dr. Pachauri has published extensively on policy and implementation issues related to family planning, maternal and child health, adolescents, HIV/AIDS, reproductive tract infections.
Cynthia G. Whitney, M.D., M.P.H.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Respiratory Disease Branch, Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases,
Atlanta, Georgia, USA
Cynthia Whitney is a Acting Chief the Respiratory Diseases Branch, Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, National Center for Infectious Diseases in Atlanta. She is currently responsible for surveillance and prevention activities for pneumococcal disease, including tracking antimicrobial resistant pathogens, and development of vaccine policy. She oversees prevention efforts and applied public health research on bacterial causes of pneumonia and sepsis and is involved with prevention activities related to neonatal group B streptococcal disease, including development of guidelines for the prevention of neonatal group B streptococcal disease and assessments of the effectiveness of prevention efforts.
Dr. Whitney received her M.D. degree from the University of Minnesota (1990), completed post-graduate medical training in internal medicine at the University of Minnesota (1993), participated in the CDC's Epidemic Intelligence Service (EIS, 1993-1995), completed a preventive medicine residency with CDC, including working for a year with the Chicago Department of Public Health (1995-1996), and has an MPH from Harvard School of Public Health (1996-1997).