Posts Tagged ‘OHSU Researchers’

Biomedical Innovation Program – moving innovations to market

For research scientists whose technical innovations have the potential to improve patient care, OHSU created the Biomedical Innovation Program. For four years now, BIP has been providing expertise and resources to steward innovations from the laboratory to clinical application through the process of commercialization. The program is a joint effort between Technology Transfer and Business Development and the Oregon Clinical and Translational Research Institute. To mark this occasion, the Oregon Clinical and Translational Research Institute sat down … Read More

Technology Transfer and Business Development awards

Four OHSU researchers were honored at OHSU Technology Transfer and Business Development’s 11th award ceremony on Wednesday, Oct. 12. The event is held each year to honor members of the OHSU research community, recognize new companies based on OHSU technology, and celebrate TTBD’s numerous milestones and accomplishments. Sudarshan Anand, Ph.D., assistant professor of cell and developmental biology, was recognized as New Inventor of the Year for his work with TTBD Understanding the role of microRNAs in cancer blood vessels … Read More

Groundbreaking study opens door for treating congenital disease before birth

Congenital diseases account for nearly a quarter of perinatal deaths and are important causes of childhood illness and long-term disability. Prenatal screening techniques now make early diagnosis possible, presenting the opportunity to intervene in disease processes before birth. The rapid proliferation of stem cells in the fetus and its immature immune system make in utero gene therapy an attractive target for gene therapy, but ethical considerations and the consequences of disrupting fetal development have so far … Read More

Who’s new at OHSU? Sivaraman Prakasam

Sivaraman Prakasam, B.D.S., M.S.D., Ph.D., is an assistant professor in the Department of Periodontology, OHSU School of Dentistry. In addition to his research program, Prakasam is a clinical educator and a practicing clinician, limiting his practice to periodontics and dental implant placement. Where are you from originally? I was born and raised in India. I got my dental degree there – a B.D.S. as it’s known in India – and as soon as I was … Read More

OHSU researchers reveal atomic structure of a key molecular receptor

The receptor proteins of a cell’s surface are important transmitters of signals between its internal and external environments. The P2X integral membrane proteins, first defined in 1976, modulate processes as diverse as platelet activation, smooth muscle contraction, synaptic transmission, inflammation, hearing and taste, making P2X receptors important pharmacological targets. P2X receptors are activated by ATP, a major intracellular energy source, resulting in a change in the receptor’s structure and the flow of ions such as … Read More

OHSU researchers reveal mechanism of neuronal activity that controls fertility

Reproductive function is a highly regulated process that depends on certain hormones interacting in a controlled and rhythmic manner.  The hypothalamus and pituitary together control pubertal development and fertility; the hypothalamus releases a chemical messenger called gonadotropin-releasing hormone, which attaches to specific receptors of the pituitary gland, in turn releasing reproductive hormones that control ovulation in females and sperm production in males. In females, the hypothalamus releases GnRH in appropriately timed pulses and in one … Read More

New research shows search and destroy function for leukemia cells

The rapid growth of leukemia cells that “crowd out” healthy stem cells within the bone marrow has traditionally been considered the root cause for prolonged risk of infections and necessary blood transfusions. A study recently completed by a team of OHSU pediatric cancer biology researchers in the Pape Family Pediatric Research Institute – and published in the journal Science Signaling –  disputes this theory and provides the first description of leukemia cells’ ability to actively … Read More

Who’s new at OHSU? Fikadu G. Tafesse, Ph.D.

Fikadu G. Tafesse, Ph.D. is an assistant professor of molecular microbiology and immunology who is working to understand how pathogens utilize host cellular processes during infection. He arrived at OHSU from Boston in February, 2016. Where are you from originally? I was born and raised in Ethiopia and got my undergraduate degree in agriculture there, learning how to grow crops – basic farming. After graduation, I decided to go to Europe to gain more experience and ended … Read More

Researchers study potential treatment to reduce brain swelling after stroke

Brain swelling resulting from a large, acute stroke event causes further damage and can lead to major disability and death, and there are few effect treatment options. Existing drug regimens do not improve survival or functional outcome. Decompressive craniectomy, a surgical procedure to remove part of the skull, allowing the brain to swell without being squeezed, improves outcomes in some patients but increases survival with major disability in others. Future treatments are likely to target pathways involved in brain swelling, and … Read More

OHSU researchers elucidate the role of diet in treating people with MS

A first-time controlled clinical trial found that a low-fat, plant-based diet significantly improved the health of people with multiple sclerosis (MS) by reducing both fatigue and weight. Those improvements go hand-in-hand with fighting some of the most debilitating effects of MS, according to the study’s lead author, Vijayshree Yadav, M.D., a MS neurologist with the Oregon Brain Institute at OHSU. While the new research did not show differences in the MS lesions on the brain … Read More

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