Posts Tagged ‘OHSU faculty’

Three questions for Alejandro Aballay

Alejandro Aballay, Ph.D., joined OHSU as chair of the Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology in September 2017. He came to OHSU from Duke University Medical Center, where he was a professor of molecular genetics and microbiology and director of the Center for Host-Microbial Interactions. What projects are you currently working on and are there opportunities collaboration? Overall, our research project is highly interdisciplinary so there are numerous opportunities for synergistic interactions with fellow faculty. In the broad … Read More

New insights into the neural representation of reward and punishment

The ability to weigh the risk of punishment relative to the risk of reward is critical to our ability to make decisions. New research by Bita Moghaddam, Ph.D., provides fresh insight into how the brain processes reward and punishment. Little has been known about the neural representation of punishment risk during reward-seeking behavior. For people to make the best decisions, our brains need to appropriately represent the punishment that lurks during reward-seeking actions. An exaggerated neural representation … Read More

NIMH new innovator award recognizes leader in autism research

The National Institutes of Mental Health has awarded a highly competitive research grant to Brian J. O’Roak, Ph.D., assistant professor of molecular and medical genetics in the OHSU School of Medicine. The grant, $2.5 million over five years, is part of the NIMH Biobehavioral Research Awards for Innovative New Scientists, or BRAINS, program and recognizes O’Roak as an autism research innovator who has the potential to transform the field. The BRAINS program was established in 2009 … Read More

Functional brain connectivity: Fair lab shines new light on the role of genetics

Every person has a distinct pattern of functional brain connectivity — a connectotype, or brain signature. A team led by Damien Fair, Ph.D., P.A.-C., reports a new methodology that reliably identifies and tracks these individual brain signatures. The research shows that, while individually unique, each connectotype demonstrates both familial and heritable relationships. The results were published in Network Neuroscience. The work builds on continuing research in the Fair lab. In a previous study, the team showed … Read More

Study by Back lab brings new understanding of brain development in preterm children

Premature infants are at risk for a range of life-long cognitive and learning disabilities – disabilities that for years have been attributed to impaired blood flow to the brain. A new study published in the Journal of Neuroscience challenges more than a decade of scientific study and this clinical understanding of brain development in preterm children. OHSU Doernbecher Children’s Hospital researchers led by Stephen Back, M.D., Ph.D., found that, while limited blood flow may contribute … Read More

Prenatal care for undocumented immigrant mothers leads to improved healthcare for their children

A study led by Jonas Swartz, M.D., in the OHSU School of Medicine found that expanding preventive care in pregnancy for unauthorized immigrant women reduced infant deaths, increased participation in screenings, vaccines. Swartz and senior author Maria Rodriguez, M.D., M.P.H., published the findings in Obstetrics & Gynecology. Unauthorized immigrant women with access to care received 7.2 more prenatal visits, or nearly the nine to 12 visits recommended for a typical pregnancy. They also were 74 … Read More

Renowned scientist to lead precision oncology for the OHSU Knight Cancer Institute

Internationally renowned scientist Gordon B. Mills, M.D., Ph.D., is joining OHSU to lead precision oncology for the Knight Cancer Institute. One of the most highly cited medical scientists in the world, Mills will bring a breadth of research and leadership experience to OHSU. He was recruited from the MD Anderson Cancer Center in Houston, where he has been a clinical and research leader since 1994. At OHSU, Mills will integrate research across multiple areas, including early … Read More

Oral antibiotics after C-section may reduce infection risk for obese women

The rate of obesity among U.S. women has been increasing, and obesity is associated with an increased risk of surgical-site infection following cesarean delivery. Research by Amy Valent, D.O., assistant professor of obstetrics and gynecology in the School of Medicine, and colleagues at the University of Cincinnati found that the rate of infection for women who received additional oral antibiotics after delivery was 6.4 percent. Women in the placebo group had a 15.4 percent rate … Read More

Despite progress, health disparities remain among racial and ethnic minority groups post-ACA

In a first-of-its-kind study, researchers from OHSU and OCHIN report that community health centers in states that expanded Medicaid coverage experienced a decrease in uninsured visits and an increase in Medicaid-insured visits compared with non-expansion states. The research, published in the Annals of Family Medicine. also found that Hispanic patients have the highest rates of uninsured clinic visits, both before and after Affordable Care Act expansion. Read the full story on the OHSU News Hub. Heather Angier, … Read More

Motor neurons aren’t the only site for restoring locomotive function

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is the most common adult onset motor neuron disease for which there is no cure or treatment that significantly extends life. ALS causes the death of neurons that control voluntary muscles and is characterized by gradually worsening weakness, loss of motor function and, when the individual can no longer breathe, death. The only FDA-approved drug used to treat ALS prolongs on average the lifetime of a patient by two to three months. A feature in neurodegenerative diseases, including about 90 percent … Read More

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