Posts Tagged ‘Neuroscience’

New findings show retinal development requires the protein dystroglycan

OHSU scientists have published a paper that provides new information on retinal development and visual system abnormalities present in dystroglycanopathy, a form of muscular dystrophy that results from defective function of the protein dystroglycan. Patients with severe forms of dystroglycanopathy frequently experience visual system problems in addition to other neurodevelopmental abnormalities. There is some understanding of dystroglycan’s influence on brain development, but its role in regulating retinal development has remained poorly understood. A team led … Read More

Study suggests cosmic rays pose long-term risks for astronauts

For astronauts on long missions in deep space, the brain’s response to radiation exposure is an important concern. Cognitive and other impairments put crews at risk during space travel and may pose significant health hazards to space flight crews for years after a mission. A unique feature of the space radiation environment is the presence of galactic cosmic rays and solar particle events, both of which involve protons. Exposure to these will likely impact multiple … Read More

Tracing the mechanisms of pain and empathy for pain

A new study finds a potential neural overlap between physically induced and socially transferred increased sensitivity to pain, or hyperalgesia. Previous research has shown that pain sensitivity associated with alcohol withdrawal can be communicated to nearby individuals by olfactory cues. But how this social transfer of pain occurs is not known. Scientists at OHSU have now demonstrated that pain and empathy for pain activate partially overlapping regions of the brain in mice and that those … Read More

OHSU scientist Mandel elected to Society for Neuroscience leadership post

Gail Mandel, Ph.D., has been elected to the governing body of the Society for Neuroscience. Mandel, a senior scientist at the Vollum Institute and professor in the Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology in the School of Medicine, begins her four-year term on November 11, 2017. Mandel’s lab focuses on understanding how neuronal cell identity is established and maintained. Her team discovered that this is achieved primarily through a repressor mechanism with the DNA-binding protein, … Read More

NeuroFutures 2017: Brain connectivity in health and disease, July 9–11

Join some of the brightest minds in research, engineering, industry and clinical domains at NeuroFutures 2017. This year’s conference will focus on neuronal circuits, with topics including novel imaging approaches, brain clearing and expansion techniques, human and non-human primate circuit function, genetically engineered probes for circuit function, circuits in degeneration, and circuits in psychiatric disorders. NeuroFutures 2017 July 9-11, 2017   University of British Columbia Vancouver, Canada Gary Marcus, Ph.D., director, NYU Center for Language … Read More

OHSU researchers discover a mechanism promoting neural stem cells

A breakthrough study by OHSU scientists demonstrates, for the first time, a mechanism that prevents the formation of new neurons in old brains. The discovery provides a new path for investigation that may lead to the prevention—and potentially the reversal—of age-related dementia by promoting the formation of neurons and preventing their decline. The production of neurons drops dramatically during aging, and the brain slows down. New reports continue to emerge that suggest—but do not prove—that … Read More

Rita Allen Foundation Scholar Award, internal deadline Nov. 15

The Rita Allen Foundation Scholars Program supports research scientists in the early stages of their careers. Fields of research are cancer, immunology and neuroscience. Individuals chosen will be designated Rita Allen Foundation Scholars and the affiliated institution will receive financial support from the Rita Allen Foundation of up to $110,000 annually, for a period of up to five years. To be eligible for the Scholars Award, candidates must have completed their training and provided persuasive evidence of distinguished achievement or … Read More

OHSU authors’ paper on Nature Neuroscience cover

A paper co-authored by OHSU researchers is featured on the cover of May 2016’s Nature Neuroscience. The paper’s authors are Stephanie L. Padilla, Jian Qiu, Marta E. Soden, Elisenda Sanz, Casey C. Nestor, Forrest D. Barker, Albert Quintana, Larry S. Zweifel, Oline K. Rønnekleiv, Martin J. Kelly, and Richard D. Palmiter.  Ronnekleiv and Kelly are professors in the Department of Physiology and Pharmacology in the OHSU School of Medicine and senior scientists with the Oregon National Primate Research Center. … Read More

2nd annual NeuroFutures Conference, July 15-17: Register now, abstracts due July 1

One in four U.S. adults suffer from a diagnosable neurological disorder, and a quarter of these are seriously disabled as a result. These patients endure immense physical and emotional suffering, and their family members and caregivers bear a heavy emotional and financial burden. That’s why thought leaders in research, engineering, industry, and clinical settings from around the world will descend on Portland for the 2nd annual NeuroFutures Conference, July 15-17.  Sponsored by the OHSU Brain … Read More

Nomination deadline for Gruber Genetics and Neuroscience Prizes is Dec. 15

Genetics Prize The unrestricted $500,000 prize is presented to a leading scientist, or group of scientists (up to three), in recognition of groundbreaking contributions to any realm of genetics research. These contributions may include original discoveries in genetic function, regulation, transmission, and variation, as well as in genomic organization. Nominations may be submitted by individuals, organizations, and institutions that are active in or have an appreciation for contemporary genetic research or problems. Neuroscience Prize This … Read More

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