The Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) recently announced a directive aimed to increase public access to federally funded research. The policy memorandum requires Federal agencies with greater than $100 million in R&D expenditures to create a plan for making the published results of their research freely available to the public within one year of publication. The directive also directs the agencies to develop plans for managing and making digital data sets accessible.
The typical scientific life cycle involves a scientist developing a hypothesis, performing experiments to test that hypothesis, and disseminating the results to the scientific community through publication, presentations at conferences, and social networking and other public forums. However, a lot of science is inaccessible to the public because the majority of scientific journals and papers are only available through institutional and personal subscriptions. The goal of the OSTP policy is to make the results of federally funded research more accessible and useful, by way of making publications and data set publically accessible.
For scientific publications, the agencies must follow the following guidelines:
- Public access to research articles (including the ability to read, download, and analyze digitally) within 12 months post-publication
- Free, full public access to the research article metadata, in standard format
In effort to make scientific data sets more available, the memo also states that the agency plans should:
- Maximize free public access while addressing privacy, confidentiality, and proprietary interests.
- Acknowledge that not all data requires long-term archiving.
- Require researchers to create data management plans.
- Allow costs for data preservation and access in proposal budgets
- Ensure evaluation of and compliance with data management plans
- Promote data deposition into public repositories
- Encourage public/private partnerships to ensure interoperability
- Develop approaches for identification and attribution of datasets
- Address data stewardship education
- Assess long-term needs for repositories and infrastructure
The memorandum has been endorsed by many researchers, publishers, librarians and open access advocates. The Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC) commented that the memo will “will accelerate scientific discovery, improve education, and empower entrepreneurs to translate research into commercial ventures and jobs.”
However, the directive has also sparked criticism and debate. Concerns have been raised about the administrative complexities and redundancy the flexibility of the directive may produce, which allows each agency to develop its on plan. Users may have to work with many different systems. Many stakeholders are calling on the OSTP to require consistency and interoperability between the agency plans.
While recommending a 12-month embargo period for publications, the directive states that this timeframe is negotiable based on disciplinary practices and needs. Concerns have been raised about the confusion this could create, especially for cross-disciplinary domains. Additionally, open access advocates are worried that for-profit publishers will use this flexibility to push for longer embargo periods, undercutting the potential benefits of the memorandum.
Even more problematic is how to pay for the development of new open access systems. The OSTP emphasized that no new money is available to fund the development or operation of the agency plans. Given the complexities described above, we seem to be in a holding pattern of new requirements that can be met in a multiplicity of ways but without a funding plan to help pay for their implementation, testing, or consolidation.
Federal agencies must submit their plans for meeting the directive requirements by August 22, 2013.
How does this affect the OHSU research community?
The memorandum’s requirements for data set management and accessibility will prioritize the need to improve data management practices within research laboratories. By adopting data standards and structuring data for public consumption, data are more reusable and more easily shared. Biomedical research librarians and data specialists are well positioned to assist scientific researchers with this and can help or train researchers how to:
- Apply metadata to data sets to aid in their identification via search mechanisms and the reuse of the data
- Apply unique identifiers to ensure adequate “linkability” and reference in CVs, biosketchs, papers, etc.
- Choose the best repository to publish your data
- Develop data management plans
One of the challenges that health professionals face is feeling disconnected from the information resources that were available to them during their studies. For many years now, the OHSU Library has helped fill that information gap by providing services and resources to Oregon licensed health professionals. A small portion of MD and DO licensing fees are appropriated by the Oregon Medical Board and administered by the OHSU Library to provide health information resources for Oregon clinicians.
After evaluating the usage and cost of existing resources available to licensed health professionals in Oregon, the Library will be adding Access Medicine. This database includes a collection of 75 reference books covering medicine and the basic sciences. The Lange Current Diagnosis and Treatment series, Goodman and Gilman’s, Harrison’s and William’s Obstetrics are just a few of the valuable titles included in this resource.
Additionally, the OHSU Library will be partnering with Reprints Desk to roll out an article delivery pilot project that will be offered to MDs and DOs only. The pilot project will be implemented by July 31st and will provide expedient journal article delivery on a first-come, first-served basis. Each clinician will be able to order up to three articles during the pilot, which will end in June 2014 or when the funds appropriated for the project are spent.
While we are very excited about these new products and services, regretfully we will need to discontinue others. STAT!Ref, DynaMed and EBSCO Medline are all resources that will no longer be available to Oregon licensed health professionals.
The library is hosting a contest to choose an image for its new bookmark. The contestant with the winning image will receive a $25 gift card to Powell’s Books.
To enter, just select a picture from our collection of digital and historic images. Have fun exploring medical, OHSU and local history!
- Choose an image from one of the following collections or exhibits:
- The OHSU Digital Resources Library
- Rare Books on Health and Healing, Selected New Acquisitions exhibit, OHSU Library, BICC 3rd Floor.
- OHSU Historical Collections & Archives. Historical Collections and Archives staff have pulled a collection of special items for the contest, available to view by appointment or during Thursday walk-in hours from 12:00 to 3:00 pm.
- The winning image must fit into, but does not have to fill a 3.5” x 8” space. We will consider images that can be resized.
- Your entry must include:
- The book title or archival collection.
- Page number or archival box/folder number.
- Description of the image.
- A brief explanation of why you choose the image.
- Submit your entry by August 2, 2013.
- Email a photograph of or link to the image to LibraryCommunicationsTeam@ohsu.edu
- Contestants may submit multiple images.
The OHSU Library is piloting a thin client solution from ITG which we hope may someday replace our floor computers available for use by OHSU staff/students and faculty. These terminals all run a modified version of the OHSU Windows 7 build. After 15 minutes of inactivity the terminals reboot into a fresh state so it is important for patrons to remember to save their work before the terminal recycles to avoid losing anything important. The terminals are located at stations 328-331.
We need your help. Please log in to one of these 4 terminals whenever you have few minutes to see how it works. Then please take a moment to tell us about your experience by filling out this survey any time between now and 5pm on Friday July, 19th, 2013.
The survey is online at https://www.surveymonkey.com/s/YVZH5CN
We appreciate your help in reviewing this new product.
Due to budget constraints the library has made the difficult decision to cancel Stat!Ref. We apologize for the loss of this resource. Our decision was based on the growing cost of the resource, the loss of critical content, as well as a drop in use over the past three years. We recognize that several Stat!Ref titles were well used and we are looking into other options for access. If you would like us to consider purchasing one or more of the Stat!Ref titles, please use our Suggest Purchase form. You only need to include the title and your contact information. It would be very helpful if you could also include how you use this resource. You can also send a message with this information and/or questions to firstname.lastname@example.org.
The OHSU Library will be closed on Thursday, July 4, 2013, in observance of Independence Day.
The library will resume regular hours on Friday, July 5th. For additional information on library hours, please see http://www.ohsu.edu/xd/education/library/about/hours.cfm.
Contributors Paul B. Bascom, Erik Fromme, Thomas J. Prendergast and Susan W. Tolle affiliated with Oregon Health & Science University.
Authors Eva Feigerlova, Vivian Hwa, Michael A. Derr and Ron G. Rosenfeld affiliated with Oregon Health & Science University.
Contributors Kim A. Hoffman, Dennis McCarty and Benjamin J. Morasco affiliated with Oregon Health & Science University.
Contributors Oline K. Ronnekleiv and Martin J. Kelly affiliated with Oregon Health & Science University.
Contributor Stever Douglas Smith affiliated with Oregon Health & Science University.
Contributor Kevin P. Marks affiliated with Oregon Health & Science University.
Editor Charles R. Thomas Jr. and contributors Sravana K. Chennupati, Eric K. Hansen, John M. Holland, Arthur Y. Hung, Charlotte Dai Kubicky, Carol Marquez, Faisal Siddiqui, Joseph G. Waller and Kristina H. Young affiliated with Oregon Health & Science University.
Substance use disorders in the U.S. Armed Forces / Committee on Prevention, Diagnosis, Treatment and Management of Substance Use Disorders in the U.S. Armed Forces, Board on Health of Select Populations, Institute of Medicine of the National Academies Charles P. O’Brien, Maryjo Oster, and Emily Morden, editors.
Contributor Dennis McCarty affiliated with Oregon Health & Science University.
Contributor Thomas E. Dietz affiliated with Oregon Health & Science University.
Contributor Karen Lea Anderson Peterson affiliated with Oregon Health & Science University.
Citation count is the most common and traditional metric for measuring the impact of a scientific paper. However, it is an increasingly inadequate measurement. Citation counts to not capture the diverse and rapid ways in which scientific research is shared, accessed, recommended, and endorsed in the digital age.
Altmetrics or alternative metrics are a collection of emerging impact measurements intended to capture how and where research is communicated on the Web. These metrics include download counts, recommendations in reference management tools, tweets, blog posts, and news stories, to name a few.
For example Dr. Mitalipov’s ground breaking Cell article has been tweeted 330 times, posted by 65 Facebook users, mentioned on 15 science blogs, saved by 54 Mendeley users, and reported by 50 news outlets.
In addition to offering more immediate, social, and web-based indicators of impact for papers, altmetrics can help us understand the influence of other kinds of research products such as data sets, blogs, and clinical guidelines. Likewise, this kind of data can help us understand the impact of research on different categories of audiences, such as clinicians and educators.
There are several free and fee based altmetric tools on the market:
ImpactStory is a free, open source resource. Users can create an impact profile for articles and other scholarly products.
Plum Analytics is a subscription tool for analyzing and benchmarking impact at the individual, lab, department, and institutional level.
And many of the OHSU Library’s journals and databases provide article level altmetrics. Including Scopus.
For more information about altmetrics and strategies for tracking your research impact contact Robin Champieux, OHSU’s Scholarly Communication Librarian.
Congratulations to Dolores Judkins, MLS, AHIP, Associate University Librarian for Information & Research Services, who is retiring at the end of June.
Ms. Judkins has served the OHSU community as a member of the Library Faculty for over 30 years. Her distinguished contributions are numerous and have played a critical role in improving the health of Oregonians and the education of Oregon health professionals. She has held leadership positions as the Director of the Dental Library, Head of Research & Reference Services, and Associate University Librarian for Information & Research Services.
Ms. Judkins has a strong record of scholarship with over 40 successful grant applications and many authored papers and professional presentations. She helped initiate the innovative provision of online library resources to Oregon licensed health professionals through legislative funding and has served multiple terms on the OHSU Faculty Senate.
She has also consistently and favorably represented OHSU through leadership positions held in national and regional professional associations, such as the Medical Library Association, the Oregon Health Sciences Libraries Association, and the Association of American Medical Colleges Western Group on Educational Affairs and Libraries in Medical Curriculum SIG. As a Distinguished Member of the Academy of Health Information Professionals since 1990, Ms. Judkins has mentored and guided the careers of many librarians and information professionals.
In the OHSU Library’s rich history, there have been few on its faculty whose sustained contributions have had comparable impact to those of Ms. Judkins. It is with great pleasure that we announce that Dolores Judkins has been appointed to the Emeritus Faculty of the OHSU Library.