OR-FACE began surveillance over a decade ago and this report includes graphs of cumulative data from 2003 through 2013 as insets of respective graphs for the year. To download the report, go to the OR-FACE website or click on the following URL: http://www.ohsu.edu/xd/research/centers-institutes/oregon-institute-occupational-health-sciences/outreach/or-face/upload/OR-FACE-2013-Annual-Report-final-sm.pdf
Congratulations to our eleven research interns, who presented the results of their work in a poster session.
Summer Student Research Awards are three-month paid summer internships designed to introduce undergraduate students to biomedical and occupational health research across a range of basic and applied research areas. Whether studying molecules, cells, organ systems, non-human organisms, or out gathering data in the community, our students gained valuable experience conducting projects aligned with their host faculty member’s research program.
The 2015 interns were:
Rachael Barton – Whitman College, Walla Walla, WA – Shea Lab
Colin Boehnlein – University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA –Rohlman Lab
Jared Cayton – Oregon State University, Corvallis, WA – Lim Lab
John Donlan – Northeastern University, Boston, MA – Kretzschmar Lab
Aaron Greenfield – University of Oregon, Eugene, OR – Truxillo Lab
Kasey Ha – University of California San Diego, San Diego, CA – Olson Lab
Afsara Haque – University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA – Olson Lab
Christiana Huss – Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR – Turker Lab
Allison Schue – Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR – Anger Lab
Kaycee Smith – Southern Methodist University, Dallas, TX – Wipfli Lab
Julia Yu – Emory University, Atlanta, GA – McCullough Lab
*All of the students chosen for the internship program are Oregon residents or attend Oregon schools.
The Summer Equity Internship Program presents an exciting opportunity for underrepresented minority students to spend eight weeks working with OHSU faculty, scientists, and graduate students in a research setting. Equity interns learn new research skills and gain hands-on lab experience in a variety of laboratory settings. This year, Oregon Institute of Occupational Health Sciences faculty Dr. Amanda McCullough, participated as a science mentor to Jose Esquivel. The internship ended with a poster session in which all the interns presented the results from their eight week laboratory experience.
Jose described his experience this way: “If I were to describe these last 8 weeks, I would use the words growth and opportunity. Working in Dr. McCullough’s lab allowed me the opportunity to better understand myself on several levels. I feel that as a lab intern, I have learned a lot about my style of learning and in doing so it has given me a new outlook and appreciation for science and what being a “scientist” really entails. Lab techniques in general were a skill that I did not possess, but I feel that I gained so much more than lab techniques, I have now developed a new mode of thinking. This mode of thinking is invaluable in life, for to really think about what you’re doing, and why you are doing something is to fully understand what may be next. I would highly recommend this experience to anyone who wants to grow and learn about, not only their project, but about themselves. “
Have you registered yet for the 2015 American Heart Association Worksite Wellness Summit? We are eager to attend again this year as a sponsor and exhibitor. This is a terrific opportunity to connect with others in the region who prioritize healthy workplaces, many of whom have begun initiatives integrating safety with wellness and well-being.
This year’s theme is Building a Culture of Health, with the event to be held at Portland’s Oregon Convention Center. It will kick off with a pre-keynote event to get your body moving and your mind ready to be engaged. Our Institute is pleased to be the sponsor of this pre-event. Then join us as we hear from the keynote presenter, Ryan Picarella, the President of Wellness Council of America (WELLCOA.org), followed by other presenters, sessions and a full exhibit area.
We appreciate our partners in health, American Heart Association, Worksite Wellness Network, and conference sponsors, for initiating and supporting this great networking event. We hope to see you there! Learn more.
The 3‐day institute hosted this year by Saint Mary’s University in Halifax, Nova Scotia featured renowned researchers and practitioners in occupational health psychology, total worker health, and safety research and practice. This fourth annual event was attended by safety and health practitioners, occupational health nurses, human resources/benefits/ training managers, union representatives, and workers’ compensation consultants. Topic included:
- Finding Solutions to Workplace Burnout presented by Dr. Christina Maslach
- Interventions to Reduce Work-Life Stress and Improve Health of Workers presented by Dr. Leslie Hammer
- Leadership, Safety, and Occupational Fatigue presented by Dr. Jane Mullen
- The Social Context of Burnout and Engagement presented by Dr. Michael Leiter
- Mental Health Awareness Training presented by Jennifer Dimoff
- Creating a Climate for Health presented by Dr. Robert Sinclair
- Understanding the Value of Recognition at Work presented by Dr. Kevin Kelloway
- Fostering Work-Life Wellness through Resilience presented by Dr. Arla Day
- Culture First presented by Paul Kells
- Psychological Standards: What can we Learn from Safety’s Experience presented by Dr. Mark Flemming
Starting in 2012, when first hosted by the Oregon Healthy Workforce Center (OHWC) and the Portland State University OHP program, we have been alternating coasts to provide local, regional, and international practitioners and academics the state of the art updates on OHP. Last year the OHWC introduced Total Worker Health to the mix and we plan to continue that focus next year in Portland when we host the 5th Annual OHP-SI July 12-14, 2016 with a current working theme of “OHP Innovative and Creative Strategies leading to TWH.”
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Submitted by Leslie Hammer, Ph.D., OHWC Associate Director, Project PI
Saurabh S. Thosar, Ph.D, a postdoctoral researcher at the Oregon Institute of Occupational Health Sciences has been awarded the Early Clinical Investigator Award from the Medical Research Foundation of Oregon.
Adverse cardiovascular events such as heart attacks occur most commonly during the early morning hours in the general population. This is also the time when the diurnal rhythm in vascular reactivity is at its lowest point. The goal of this newly funded study is to determine the relative contributions of sleep, physical inactivity and internal circadian rhythms
in the attenuated vascular function during early morning hours.
Dr. Thosar is the principal investigator of this project and Dr. Steven A. Shea is his mentor. Colleagues who will be a part of this research include other institute researchers: Matthew Butler PhD, Michael Lasarev MS, Noal Clemons, Sally Roberts, Alec Berman, and sleep medicine physicians from OHSU (Chad Hagen MD) and the VA Portland Health Care System (Jonathan Emens MD). The work will be performed in a new facility recently built as part of the Oregon Clinical & Translational Research Center at OHSU.
Steven A. Shea, Ph.D., Director, Oregon Institute of Occupational Health Sciences and colleagues were awarded $2.5M from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to study the role of the internal body clock on cardiovascular risk.
Adverse cardiovascular events, such as heart attacks and sudden cardiac death occur most commonly, on average, at about 9 AM in the general population, but most frequently at around 3 AM in people with obstructive sleep apnea. The goal of the newly funded study is to determine if the internal body clock affects cardiovascular function differently in people with sleep apnea compared to healthy people, perhaps explaining the different timing of adverse events in people with sleep apnea.
Dr. Shea is the principal investigator of this project and his colleagues on the award include other Institute researchers: Matthew Butler PhD, Saurabh Thosar PhD, Michael Lasarev MS, Noal Clemons, Sally Roberts, Alec Berman, and sleep medicine physicians from OHSU (Chad Hagen MD) and the VA Portland Health Care System (Jonathan Emens MD). The work will be performed in a new facility recently built as part of the Oregon Clinical & Translational Research Center at OHSU.
OK – now that the extremely hot weather has (temporarily) passed, let’s not let our guard down about heat-related illness. Many workers do not have the option of getting out of the sun during the hottest time of the day, and it is important to remember that the best way to prevent heat-related illness is to keep workers cool and hydrated throughout the day.
There are many risk factors that can affect a worker’s heat tolerance. Risk factors include high air temperatures and humidity, direct sun exposure, indoor radiant heat sources such as ovens or other equipment, limited air movement, physical exertion, not drinking enough fluids (dehydration), personal protective equipment or clothing, certain medications, physical condition, lack of acclimatization, and advanced age.
So what to do? First, it may be wise to consult your healthcare provider if you think you have any risk factors that predispose you to heat illness. These may include the use of medications, chronic or ongoing disease conditions, advanced age (65+), or if you have a previous history of heat illness.
And even if you are perfectly healthy, always take care to remain hydrated. NIOSH recommends that for moderate activity in moderate conditions, each worker should drink 1 cup of water every 15 to 20 minutes. Workers should be reminded to drink water frequently before becoming thirsty in order to maintain good hydration.
While some workers may prefer the taste of sports drinks, often these types of drinks are not necessary for electrolyte replacement. Workers who eat regular meals and salt-containing snacks will usually be able to replace electrolytes lost during sweating. Energy drinks and other caffeinated drinks should be avoided. In addition to providing plenty of water in convenient locations close to the work site, employers can provide urine color charts near toilet facilities. These charts show the urine colors of a hydrated person compared to a dehydrated person. The darker the urine, the more likely you are dehydrated.
Above all….be prepared. The best preparation is to educate yourself about heat-related illness. A lot of information on heat illness can be found on our Occupational Health Sciences Web Resource site. Here you will find a variety of useful information on the causes of heat illness and prevention strategies. And finally, don’t forget that sun exposure is a major risk factor for skin cancer, so slather on plenty of sun screen several times daily when working outdoors. Here is some Oregon-specific information on heat stress and sun exposure, including en Español.
Sometimes I can’t communicate with other pedestrians and transit riders during my commute. And it’s not because of language. To be honest, I find myself talking to myself an awful lot. Now this isn’t a safety issue if I’m just trying to be social with someone while they are plugged into music. No, it’s when I am on our shared network of trails and sidewalks that I start to worry. If on my bike, I call out “passing on your left” to the walker or runner only to have them jump when I actually pass by.
Exercise is good. But do we create safety problems when we are fully plugged in to music while moving our bodies? Can you hear a car horn? What about the brakes of a car? Do you notice if someone is approaching you from behind? I’m not the only one thinking about this. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Distracted Pedestrians Campaign shares injury and fatality statistics related to distracted walking – much of it caused by being distracted by our electronic devices.
What do you do to keep yourself safe while working out and walking?
Researchers, practitioners, students, and members of the occupational health and safety field got together in Seattle last week at the Future of Occupational Health Symposium, hosted by the University of Washington and organized by the Department of Environmental & Occupational Health Sciences (DEOHS).
The Symposium was spurred by the changing occupational health landscape, which in a global economy, has moved toward a fragmented workforce consisting of more temporary, contract, immigrant, and vulnerable workers. Adding to the risk factors are dwindling unionization, which has long been a symbol of worker empowerment, global climate change, which exposes workers to greater health and safety risks, and blurring boundaries between work and non-work related effects on worker well-being.
Intended to kick-start a continued effort, the aim of this gathering, as introduced by Dr. Mike Yost (UW DEOHS), was to explore current challenges in the field of occupational health with regard to the changing workforce, suggest alternative models, and recommend actionable goals for improvement.
Dr. Linda Rae Murray’s (Cook County Dept. of Public Health, Illinois) impassioned keynote urged everyone in Occupational Health to understand the history of this field and to be mindful of its fundamental purpose and ideology: human rights, justice, and protecting the power of the worker.
Through a series of classic paintings, Dr. John Volkens (Colorado State University) creatively told the story of Occupational Health in the 21st century in regard to hazardous occupational exposure. Referring to limited resources in this area, he discussed the need to redirect our study focus to “what we need (rather than) what we want”.
Switching gears toward contemporary communication strategies in Occupational Health, Scott Macklin (UW Communications Leadership) demonstrated the importance of utilizing multimedia effectively. High quality videos, engaging web experiences, and immersive storytelling, i.e., “making stories with (occupational) communities instead of about them” are elements of communication we cannot ignore today.
At dinner, Dr. Gerald Markowitz (CUNY, New York) revisited the history of Occupational Health as it relates to changing trends in today’s context and talked about the transition from the “struggle between safety and profits” to ensuring a safe and healthy worker.
Among many key points, Dr. David Michaels (OSHA) considered the changing role of OSHA since its inception in 1971 and highlighted the organization’s challenges at a time of when “workers are (becoming) invisible”. Dr. Michaels emphasized safer environments, meaningful work, equitable worker compensation, partnership with community groups, and importantly, worker rights as crucial considerations for positive change. He encouraged states to work toward establishing organizational “duty of care”, a legal step that would enforce accountability and burden of responsibility in ensuring worker health and safety.
It wasn’t long before consistent themes for improvement emerged in this highly interactive Symposium marked by moderated group discussions and heavy audience participation.
In addition to greater interdisciplinary collaboration, it was proposed that we need to graduate from an “occupational health” to a “worker health” perspective as a more holistic approach to achieving worker well-being. Many saw value in mobilizing community and advocacy groups to help educate and empower workers at a grass-roots level. Lastly, the possibility of integrating worker compensation and well-being with the recently upheld Affordable care Act was explored, as was “duty of care”.
In his closing comments, Dr. Howard Frumkin (UW School of Public Health) summarized themes at the Symposium as he made the case for the underserved worker in the United States. In redefining the field and future of Occupational Health, Dr. Frumkin advised stakeholders to work toward goals that are relevant in the larger community, while keeping in mind that Occupational Health is really a “global health phenomenon”.