See you in September?

2015 AHA SummitSeptember may remind us of the start of the school year – but for us at the Institute it also means it’s time to kick off our fall conferences. We are always eager for this favorite of our outreach activities: connecting with so many of you!

We are eager to network and trade notes about our research, your workforce and how we can work together.  Check out the events listed below – several in which Institute and Oregon Healthy Workforce Center staff will be presenting and all where we will be sponsoring exhibits.

  • 9/7/2016 – American Heart Association Worksite Wellness Summit at Oregon Convention Center, Portland, Oregon
  • 9/9/2016 – 9/10/2016 – Northwest Association of Occupational and Environmental Medicine Annual Meeting, Cedarbrook Lodge, Washington
  • 9/21/2016 – 9/22/2016 – Central Oregon Occupational Safety & Health Conference, Riverhouse on the Deschutes, Bend, Oregon
  • 10/11/2016 – 20/13/2016 – Southern Oregon Occupational Safety & Health Conference, Ashland Hills Hotel and Suites, Ashland, Oregon
  • 10/19/2016 – 10/21/2016 – 2016 Northwest Occupational Health Conference, Portland Airport Sheradon, Portland, Oregon (PS. We are particularly excited about our involvement in the short course. Hint…check out the agenda when it is posted.)
  • 10/29/16 – 11/3/16 –American Public Health Association Annual Meeting & Expo, Denver, Colorado
  • 11/29/2016 – 12/22/2016 – Western Pulp, Paper, & Forest Products Safety & Health Conference, Red Lion on the River, Jantzen Beach, Portland, Oregon

Want more details? Visit our events page! And start making your continuing education and networking plans.

OHWC occupational health psychology summer institute held

The Oregon Healthy Workforce Center (OHWC) Occupational Health Psychology (OHP) Summer Institute (SI) was held this week at Portland State University.  The SI focused on the broad scope of Occupational Health Psychology that encompasses the issues of Total Worker Health (TWH) and was attended by about 100 people, shown below at the opening keynote.
OHWC SI 2016

Three main overarching themes from the Summer Institute were summarized by Dr. Hammer:

  • Importance of the effects of leadership and leadership support in OHP and TWH approaches and strategies leading to improvements in safety, health, and well-being.
  • The context and sample matters in studies of OHP and TWH.
  • We need to include more from the perspectives of health economists.

SI Director Dr. Leslie Hammer is introducing the first keynote in the picture above and she is seen on the far right with the SI speakers, shown below (three are missing).

Summer Institute-Speaker Group-2016

Speakers at the OHWC OHP Summer Institute 2016

The slides and audio recordings of all but two talks will be available on the Institute website by August 1, 2016.

Key points from each speaker are listed below:

Day 1

Bakker: Creative Approaches to Employee Work Engagement

  1. Changes to employees’ work engagement can be made at the individual-level (bottom-up approach) – using strategies such as job crafting, mobilizing ego resources, strength use, and self-leadership
  2. Leaders can also optimize job demands and job resources for employees (top-down approach) and facilitate individual-level changes as well (e.g., strength use support)

McDonald: Creating a Culture of Safety

  1. Importance of diffused leadership (including executives and lower-level management) – 200% accountability (including self and others) – bottom-up & top-down approaches
  2. Importance of culture, communication (transparency), commitment (involvement from all levels of an organization) and recognition – followed by $10M reduction in work comp costs over 3 years
Jim McDonald

Jim McDonald of Meijer

Leiter: Improving Civility Contributes to Well-Being at Work

  1. A culture of civility can reduce burnout (e.g., exhaustion & frustration): reciprocity of positive treatment, positive social encounters and interactions
  2. Organizations should intervene at the workgroup-level and seek to change collective behaviors and collective thresholds

Rineer & Pina: Organizational Barriers and Novel Solutions to Improving Occupational Health

  1. Practical barriers (e.g., lack of resources or lack of knowledge) can hinder employee wellness program effectiveness
  2. Importance of leadership support and employee engagement to successfully carry out worksite wellness programs
  3. New emerging technologies/techniques OHP researchers can learn from public health informatics

Overarching Theme:

Each presentation stressed the point, and represented the importance of both “top down” organizational approaches, as well as “bottom up” individual approaches to OHP and TWH strategies.

Day 2

Sorensen: Work & Health, Evidence on the Pathways to Implementing Total Worker Health

Day 2 keynote Glorian Sorensen 2016 SI

Dr. Glorian Sorensen of Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health and Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts

  1. Importance of an integrative approach (protection and promotion) to improving employee holistic health and well-being primarily through changes made to the work conditions
  2. Workers are already thinking holistically and in an integrated way, it is time that we join them with workplace approaches that are integrated
  3. Leadership commitment and employee involvement are both critical: need communication and transparency

Dimoff: With a Little Help From My Boss: Supervisors as Resource Facilitators

  1. Leaders play a major role in recognizing warning signs of problems experienced by employees and in facilitating the use of organizational resources among employees
  2. Mental Health Awareness Training for leaders and the Signs of Struggle (SOS) tool are effective strategies in improving recognition, treatment, and long-term ROI (overall employee mental health and leaders’ knowledge can also be enhanced)

Hurtado: Time at Work and Workers’ Health

  1. A large proportion of each day is spent at work – organizations should do something about workers’ experience; they play a role in optimizing employee health and well-being
  2. How time is organized at work (and outside of work) can have major implications on employee health (e.g., time off, breaks, shiftwork, work-time control, flextime)
  3. Need to better understand the health pathways between organization of time and health/occupational health outcomes

Yang: Workplace Mistreatment Management: Nipping Mean Behavior Before It Starts

  1. Cultivating a positive organizational climate and culture appears to help reduce workplace aggression/mistreatment among co-workers
  2. Management practices/leadership can foster more positive organizational climate, specifically via Aggression-Preventive Supervisor Behaviors (APSB)
  3. Future plans include supportive group intervention for supervisors to solve problems and increase APSB

Overarching Theme:

David Hurtado at 2016 SI

Dr. David Hurtado of the Oregon Institute of Occupational Health Sciences at OHSU

There is a need to pay attention not only to intervention strength, but also scalability.

Day 3

Dennerlein: Safety Incentives, Safety Climate, & TWH in the Dynamic Environment of Commercial Construction

  1. Construction workers are a part of a unique worker population that experiences some (relatively) non-traditional stressors at work – more context/occupation-specific research is warranted
  2. Safety culture has parallels with the integrated TWH approach, including both protection (controlling health hazards) and promotion (training and implementing organizational policies and procedures) – B Safe intervention led to large effect size changes in safety climate
  3. B Safe intervention focused on safe conditions in the workplace. Frequent measurement of conditions, feedback to the workforce, and incentives led to large effect size changes in safety climate

Demerouti: Bottom Up Interventions to Stimulate Effective Functioning

  1. Job crafting is an individualized bottom-up strategy that is *not* designed to replace top-down strategies. Top-down approaches are still needed to complement bottom-up ones.
  2. Job crafting is designed to deal with organizational change/transforming work environments, but the extent to which job crafting is effective may depend on the nature of autonomy and interdependence in a certain job/occupation.
Dr. Amy Adler

Dr. Amy Adler of the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research

Adler: Behavioral Health Leadership in a High-Risk Occupation

  1. Leaders (e.g., front-line supervisors) work very closely with soldiers (sometimes they’re responsible for them 24/7) – their behaviors play a significant role in soldiers’ mental health and readiness (and unit-level outcomes like unit functioning)
  2. Domain-specific leadership behaviors (including sleep, COSC, health-promoting) can enhance soldiers’ mental health above and beyond general leadership behaviors. (+ rank and combat experience)

Hopcroft: Design Your Workplace for Wellness Wins (And Live Longer, Better)

  1. Four elements of wellness: (1) move naturally, (2) right outlook (e.g., sense of purpose), (3) eat wisely (e.g., 80% rule), and (4) connect
  2. Changes made at the community-level (e.g., Blue Zones project) by emulating lifestyles adopted in some of the longest-living cultures have been shown to improve community & individual health and well-being – large changes in weight, BMI, and other markers followed implementation of Blue Zones programs in communities.
  3. Blue Zones project can be extended to worksites by tailoring best practices and utilizing motivational materials and activity

Special thanks to Dr. Janelle Cheung with help from Dr. Wylie Wan for providing these notes.


Quality sleep: an irony for our sleep researchers

IMG_0222It’s always a good day when you can cut out early from work. For the researchers in our Institute that study circadian rhythms, however, the regular rules don’t apply.

In this photo, Matt Butler, principal investigator in the Clock Physiology laboratory, is on his way home at 9am to catch up on sleep after a 24 hour experiment. Work in the Butler Lab is focused on understanding how shift work can lead to health impairments, including obesity, diabetes, and heart disease. To study this, it is essential to be able to control the environment, especially the timing of light and food, and then to measure the outcomes at specific times of day, often in the middle of the night.

The irony certainly isn’t lost on them: “Yes, one of the problems of studying shift work is that we have to expose ourselves to the same types of stresses.” One way in which the lab members cope is by trying to stay caught up on sleep (Matt travels with his pillow in order to be able to sleep better on a cot in the office), and to use flexible scheduling to minimize disruptions. “The hours can be long, so we try to set the experiments such that lab members can recover after overnights, or have the day off prior if an experiment will begin in the evening,” says Matt.

Learn more about the Institute’s research.

Submitted by: Matt Butler, Ph.D., Assistant Scientist

OccHealthSci Topic: Sleep and Shiftwork
Wellness & Total Worker Health subtopic: Best Practices

Summer sees increased pesticide use

NPIC pesticide label infographic

NPIC pesticide label infographic

Okay, no one really enjoys using pesticides. But in Summer, bugs crawl, weeds grow, mosquitos bite and…..well, people turn to using pesticides. So, since pesticide use is common in Summer, we all need to know how to use them in a manner that reduces health risks, to ourselves, our loved ones, to non-targeted species (e.g. pollinators) and to the general environment. Notice I didn’t use the word “safe”, because “safe” doesn’t belong in the vocabulary of pesticide use: pesticides are designed to repel or kill unwanted species, so we can only use them in a manner that substantially reduces or eliminates the risk for adverse effects.

How can we do this? By knowing how to read and understand the pesticide label. The label contains all the information you need to use the product appropriately and with a minimum of risk. But, pesticide labels can be intimidating and may seem confusing. The National Pesticide Information Center (NPIC) recognizes this and has produced a label info-graphic that explains and takes the confusion out of label reading. Please try this out. And remember, if you ever have any questions about what the label is telling you, you can find the answers by calling NPIC at  1-800-858-7378.

Enjoy your summer! And, if you have to use pesticides, do it correctly by reading and understanding the label before you open the container!

Come attend our Summer Institute!

Here at the Oregon Healthy Workforce Center, we’re excitedly preparing for the 2016 Summer Institute: OHP Innovation and Creative Strategies Leading to Total Worker Health, July 12-14, 2016. Download the program here.

Experts from academia and industry will discuss cutting-edge research in Occupational Health, share real-world experiences, and brainstorm active strategies to bring Total Worker Health into the workplace. Our speakers, excellent in their field, come from across the United States, Canada, and the Netherlands.

With a steady flow of attendees, our spots are filling up quickly so we encourage you to register at the earliest. Register online.

When: July 12-14, 2016
Where: Portland State University, Portland, OR.
Where can I stay: We have rooms blocked at Hotel Modera with guaranteed special event rates until July 1; please book at your earliest!

Visit our Summer Institute webpage for more details.

SI 2014, Leslie HammerSI 2014, Donald Truxillo


Welcome 2016 summer interns!


Twelve of our fifteen 2016 interns.

It’s that time again! Our summer research interns have begun showing up – ready to dive into occupational health and safety research. We are so lucky to be able to collaborate with such energetic and bright young people.

This summer we welcome 15 interns:

Yvonne Barsalou – Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR – Lim Lab
Georgeann Booth –Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR – Shea Lab
Todd Carroll – University of Portland, Portland, OR – Olson Lab
Kathleen Daly-Jensen – Whitman College, Walla Walla, WA – Turker Lab
Alejandra Garfias – Portland State University, Portland, OR – Hammer Lab
Ali Noel Gunesch – Brown University, Providence, RI – Allen Lab
Julia Khoury – Oregon State University, Corvallis, WA – Olson Lab
Sadie Krahn – George Fox University, Newberg, OR – Kretzschmar Lab
Eleanor Lagnion – Washington State University, Pullman, WA – Wipfli Lab
Luke Mahoney – Portland State University, Portland, OR – Hammer Lab
Mubark Mebrat –Portland State University, Portland, OR –Lloyd Lab
Natalie Ploof – Santa Clara University, Santa Clara, CA – Wipfli Lab
Austen Suits – University of Washington, Seattle, WA – Spencer Lab
Shivam Swamy – University of Portland, Portland, OR – Butler Lab
Vivienne Voisin – Portland State University, Portland, OR – Hurtado Lab

To be eligible for an Institute-funded award, students must be Oregon residents or attend college in Oregon, and be undergraduates. Thank you to all students who applied for these very competitive awards.

Biking to work: Have you performed your JHA?

FullSizeRender[1] (1)Many of us here at the Institute commute to work by bike. And OHSU has logged riders this year with surpassing 70,000 commuting miles! Certainly, bicycle commuting continues to gain popularity – and for all kinds of good reasons. It’s healthy, it reduces our carbon footprint …it makes us feel better and leads us to be more productive during the day.

That being said, I have a few friends who believe bike commuting to be a dangerous and unsafe choice. Perhaps, just like we do for our day jobs, we need to take this concern seriously and implement risk prevention. I’ve been thinking about this a lot –  about the tragedies that occur when cars and bicycles meet. In addition to doing everything we can to make our roads safer for all forms of travel – vehicles, bikes, pedestrians – and educating everyone about the “rules and responsibilities” of the road, we all need to do our own Job Hazard Analysis, and plan accordingly.

My JHA for my commute might look a bit like this:

Task Description: Riding a bicycle to work, and home again.

Hazard Descriptions: Potential falls, Collisions with both animate and inanimate objects (especially big shiny moving ones), Temperature extremes.

Hazard Controls:

  1. PPE: wear the appropriate visible clothing for the expected weather,  select non-slip footwear (nope, not flip flops), and a brain protector (helmet) that fits, glasses as needed.
  2. Protect against the elements of inclement weather and darkness: do you engineer it out (like me, I don’t ride in the dark or heavy rains, plus I use lights during daylight as I have a long and not always bike-friendly commute) or choose as many administrative protections as possible (thoughtfully choose your route, avoid high hazard areas, outfit yourself so you are visible, follow all the rules of the road).
  3. Follow standard safety practices (yes, that means following traffic signals and rules of the road).
  4. Prepare for surprises (choose your route carefully, be fully mindful during the commute, be prepared for daily surprises (yes, in Oregon, blackberry vines can grow a foot overnight and suddenly spike through the bike lane, especially on Terwilliger Blvd).
  5. Ride defensively and try to be thoughtful, kind and generous with those around you – but always prepare for those surprises (and yes, this can be hard when you were just cut off by a driver texting or the ear-budded pedestrians who might be sharing our sidewalks and trails – oh, right, we already blogged about that!)

It’s summer – likely another hot one. Hydrate – ride safely – and stay healthy!

What about you – do you have additional safety tips to suggest?

OccHealthSci topic: Transportation <<<Bicycles
Bicycle Transportation Alliance
City of Portland PBOT Portland Bike Maps & Trip Planning

Building a Total Worker Health ® Case for the Construction Industry

Oregon Institute of Occupational Health Sciences attended the Pacific Northwest Apprenticeship Education Conference (PNWAEC) 2016, an event hosted by the Oregon Bureau of Labor and Industries (BOLI).

The biennial conference brought together policy makers, educators, business leaders and professionals in the construction trades. The goal of the conference was to create, “a platform to strengthen Registered Apprenticeship, empower the skilled trades Workforce and connect business, government and education.”

Jason Yano standing in front of poster at PNWAEC

Jason Yano describes his poster

Jason Kyler-Yano and Kent Anger presented a poster on their intervention study designed to improve the safety and health and wellbeing of construction workers and to teach supervisor skills to foremen, superintendents, project managers and anyone who has employees or subcontractor employees report to him or her, and a series of Get Healthier cards on healthy lifestyles.

Fred Berman speaks to attendee about occupational resources at PNWAEC

Fred Berman at PNWAEC

Diane Rohlman and Megan Parish presented findings from their study funded by the Bureau of Labor and Industries Apprenticeship and Training Division and the Oregon Department of Transportation, Office of Civil Rights: “A Foundation of Health: Evolution of a Nutrition Training for Apprentices in Oregon,” described factors impacting construction workers health and safety that reach beyond traditional occupational hazards. The study had two goals: 1) conduct an assessment of the health and safety needs of construction apprentices, and 2) develop and evaluate an online nutrition training for construction apprentices. Detailed findings will be available shortly.

Fred Berman represented the Institute as an exhibitor and presented Health Impacts Safety Guides and Toolbox Talk Guides developed by the Oregon Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation (OR-FACE).

Diane Rohlman, Megan Parish, Jason Kyler-Yano, Kent Anger at PNWAEC

Diane Rohlman, Megan Parish, Jason Kyler-Yano, Kent Anger at PNWAEC

Events like these highlight the importance of the Oregon Institute of Occupational Health Science’s continued focus on Research-to-Practice and allow researchers to more deeply connect with the communities we serve.

Trading notes across the ocean

Many thanks to ANB Laboratories for allowing us to perform a walkthrough Practicum.

Many thanks to ANB Laboratories for allowing us to perform a walkthrough Practicum.


More team planning.

More team planning.

Being part of OHSU Global Health SE Asia has given us a terrific opportunity to collaboratively learn with our Thai partners. As part of OHSU’s Alliance with Bangkok Dusit Medical Services I am in the midst of teaching a five-day class in Bangkok to occupational health and nursing professionals, kindly joined by two seasoned occupational health nurses. I thank my OHN friends, Karin Drake of Kaiser and Mary Salazar of the University of Washington, for joining me on this trip.

In addition to enhancing our training participants’ hazard identification and action planning skills, we are comparing and contrasting the strengths and weaknesses of the US and Thai occupational health systems. Without a doubt there are some things that work better here in Thailand, and others that are more effective in the States. But thanks to global learning opportunities like this, we can try to examine the best of both as we move ahead to provide the healthiest and safest environments for all workers everywhere.

Lead Instructor Dede Montgomery, MS, CIH.

Lead Instructor Dede Montgomery, MS, CIH


Sharing an example of an ergonomic-related Total Worker Health intervention.


Sharing results of a hazard mapping Practicum.


Dr. Santaya Pruenglampoo from Thailand Social Security Office joins in discussion about differences between Thai and US occupational laws.


Oregon campaign to prevent falls in construction

L to R: Harvey McGill (PNW OSHA Education Center), Cecil Tipton, (Oregon Area Director, OSHA), David Douglas, Dan Daley and Russ Nicolai

L to R: Harvey McGill (PNW OSHA Education Center), Cecil Tipton, (Oregon Area Director, OSHA), David Douglas, Dan Daley and Russ Nicolai

On May 6 there were 60+ attendees at the Portland, Oregon Stand-Down event.  A few truly went the distance and traveled from Idaho and Washington.  Several local organizations (see April 29 blog) began collaborating in January to ensure an effective campaign during 2016 National Safety Stand-down week (May 2-6).  These partners, among many things, arranged for advertising on metro buses, presentations at safety meetings, distributed resources to association members, apprenticeship programs, and workers compensation safety consultants.  The May 6 event was a culmination of all the activities that the partners initiated for and during the week.

Special thanks to industry experts, Dan Daley (Daley Construction), Russ Nicolai (Snyder, roofing contractor), and David Douglas (Fred Shearer & Sons) for their presentations.  Several attendees noted that their discussions on personal experience, commitment and passion were extremely valuable.

Russ Nicolai and attendees

Russ Nicolai and attendees

Harvey facilitating panel discussion

Harvey facilitating panel discussion



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